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 Timeline

 Start

0531 = INDIA; Chess introduced into Persia from India during reign of Khusrau Nushirwan. (531-578). E [BW]

0550 = Chaturanga, earliest chess precursor, created in the Punjab. E [BW]

0570 = CHINA; Form of chess being played in China with dice. E [BW]

0570 = FABLES OF PILPAY written for Khusraw I Nushirawan (531-578) E [BW]

0590 = Chatrang was an accepted noble accomplishment. E [BW]

0600 = Chaturanga reaches Persia. E [BW]

0600 = KARNAMAK; 1st reference to chess in literature, the Persian romantic KARNAMAK. E [BW]

0600 = VASAV; Chessmen mentioned in the Sanskrit fantasy romance, Vasavadatta by Subandhu. E [BW]

0606 = SANSKRIT; Chess mentioned in a Sanskrit romance. E [BW]

0610 = Earliest chess pieces identified. E [BW]

0620 = EGYPT; Chess introduced in Egypt. E [BW]

0625 = Chaturanga mentioned in the Sanskrit, Harshacharita, by Bana. E [BW]

0630 = Chatrang (old Persian word for chess) developed from chaturanga. E [BW]

0638 = Islamic conquest of Persia changes chatrang to shatranj. E [BW]

0638 = OMAR; The Caliph Omar sanctions chess among the Islamic people. E [BW]

0640 = Buddhists spread chatrang eastward. E [BW]

0643 = Omar b. al-Khattab, father-in-law of Muhammad, asked if chess was legal. E [BW]

0650 = CHATRANG-NAMAK; Short romance written in Persian, Chatrang-namak, describing chess. E [BW]

0651 = Arabic conquest of Persia completed; shatranj popular. E [BW]

0655 = TALIB; Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib, son-in-law of Muhammad, disapproves of chess for Muslims. E [BW]

0665 = AL-ASI; Amr ibn al-Asi, Muslim general and conqueror of Egypt died. Chessplayer. E [BW]

0665 = JUBAIR; Sa'id Bin Jubair born. 1st to play blindfold. E [BW]

0680 = CANONS; 50th rule of the canons forbids chess. E [BW]

0685 = Abdal-Malik ibn Marwan reigned. A chessplayer. E [BW]

0690 = JAPAN; Chess prohibited in Japan by the Emperor Jito. E [BW]

0700 = JUBAIR; Sa'id Bin Jubair, a Black judge, plays blindfold chess. E [BW]

0705 = MARWAN; Abdalmalik b. Marwan died. Earliest Umayyad calph associated with chess. E [BW]

0710 = Walid I kills chessplayer when the player purposely played bad against him. E [BW]

0712 = Seville conquered by Arabs. Moorish invaders bring chess to Iberia. E [BW]

0714 = Waldi I died. Killed a chessplayer who avoided beating the caliph. E [BW]

0720 = LITERARY; 1st literary references to chess in Arabic. E [BW]

0725 = Sulaiman ibn Yashar died. Disapproved chess. E [BW]

0728 = AL-FARAZDAQ; Arabic poet al-Farazdaq died. His will mentions pawns of chess. E [BW]

0735 = Living chess introduced in Europe by Charles Martel (688-741). E [BW]

0742 = az-Zuhi died. Great laywer of the Umayyad period and chessplayer. E [BW]

0742 = Hisham ibn Abdal-Malik died. Caliph and chessplayer. E [BW]

0750 = Abbasid caliphs come to power in Baghdad. Document chess. E [BW]

0763 = Harun ar-Rashid born. Abbasid caliph of Islam 786-809. 1st in his dynasty to playt chess. E [BW]

0770 = WOMEN; 1st mention of women chessplayers. E [BW]

0776 = ABDALAZIZ; Poet Abu Hafs Omar ibn Abdalaziz called ash-Shatranji, the chessplayer. E [BW]

0780 = al-Mahdi write a letter to Mecca to give up chess, dice, and archery. E [BW]

0780 = Moorish invaders of Spain introduce chess to Western Europe. E [BW]

0790 = CHESS PIECE; Earliest known chess piece dates to this period. E [BW]

0795 = CHINA; 1st reference to Chinese chess in the HUAN KWAI LU (Book of Marvels). E [BW]

0800 = Al-Rushid, Caliph of Baghdad, 1st caliph to play chess. E [BW]

0800 = Chinese chess (Hsiang ch'i) introduced. E [BW]

0800 = Corr. game by Emperor Nicephorus and Haron Al-Rashid. E [BW]

0800 = Moors bring chess to Spain. Chess reaches Italy. E [BW]

0801 = Charlemagne (742-814) introduced to chess. E [BW]

0802 = Nicephorus of Byzantium writes to al-Rashid about chess. E [BW]

0805 = Ash-shafi'i, famous muslim lawyer, plays blindfold. E [BW]

0808 = AL AMON; Caliph Al Amon of Baghdad protested at being disturbed while playing. E [BW]

0809 = Harun ar-Rashid died. Abbasid caliph of Islam 786-809. 1st in his dynasty to playt chess. E [BW]

0813 = Abdullah al-Mamun, son of Harun ar-Rashid, reigned. Chessplayer. E [BW]

0813 = al-Amin ibn Harun ar-Rashid died. Chessplayer E [BW]

0819 = al-Mamum watched Rabrab, Jabir al-Kufi, and Abdalghaffar al-Ansari play chess in Baghdad. E [BW]

0819 = GM; Caliph Al-Ma'mun gives 4 players the grandmaster title. E [BW]

0820 = RUSSIA; Chess introduced in Russia thru the Caspian-Volga trade route.. E [BW]

0840 = al-Aldi is considered the best chessplayer (aliyat) E [BW]

0840 = BILLAH; 1st chess problem composed by the caliph Billah. E [BW]

0842 = al-Aldi, authors 'a book of chess.' E [BW]

0842 = al-Mutasim ibn Harun ar-Rashid died. Chess problem attributed to him. E [BW]

0845 = ar-Razi defeats al-Aldi in the presence of al-Mutawakki. E [BW]

0849 = Reference to chess in Kashmir Haravijaya (Victory of Siva) by Ratnakara. E [BW]

0850 = Decimal chess invented. Board is 10 x 10. 1st use of dice in chess. E [BW]

0866 = Al-Mutazz was playing chess when the head of his chief arrival was brought to him. E [BW]

0875 = knight tour; 1st reference to knight's tour (turaga) in the Sanskrit Kavyalankara of Rudrata. E [BW]

0880 = AS-SULI; Abu as-Suli b. Author of 1st book on shatranj. E [BW]

0880 = Coordinate notation used in the Arab countries. E [BW]

0892 = al-Mutadid comes to power. Chessplayer. E [BW]

0895 = GREEKS; Chess introduced to the Greeks; call it zatrikion. E [BW]

0900 = EUROPE; Chess introduced into Europe. E [BW]

0900 = INDIA; Chessplayers in india wages their fingers in chess matches. E [BW]

0902 = al-Muktafi reigns; as-Suli is his best chess player. E [BW]

0905 = as-Suli defeats al-Mawardi in front of al-Muktafi. E [BW]

0905 = AS-SULI; Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya as-Suli, historian and top chess player. E [BW]

0910 = al-lajlaj (the stammerer) is the first to publish openings. E [BW]

0920 = Chess pieces are given Persian names. E [BW]

0932 = ar-Radi reigns. Taught chess by as-Suli. E [BW]

0946 = As-Suli died at Basra; strongest shatranj player in Baghdad. E [BW]

0947 = al-Ma'sudi, writes on the history of chess in India and Byzantine chess. E [BW]

0960 = CHINA; Further references of Chinese chess in the sung period. E [BW]

0970 = AL LAJLAJ; Abul Faraj Muhammad ibn Obaidallah, or al Lajlaj (the Stammerer) died. Pupil of as-Suli. E [BW]

0973 = Al-Beruni born. Wrote INDIA, which mentioned chess. E [BW]

0975 = Daqiqi begins the SHAHAMA, national epic of Persia E [BW]

0980 = YACHIA; Rabbi Abu Yachia describes chess in his Hebrew writings. E [BW]

0988 = Ibn an-Nadim writes on a whole succession of leading players and chessbooks. E [BW]

0999 = EINSIEDELIN; Earlist known literary account of chess in Europe, the Einsiedeln Verses, Switzerland. E [BW]

0999 = Versus de scachis is a 98-line poem describing the game & its rules. E [BW]

0818 = ALIYAT; Top players were Jabir al-Kufi, Rabrab, and Abu'n-Na'am. (aliyat) E [BW]

1000 = EUROPE; Chess is widely known throughout Europe. E [BW]

1000 = OTTO II; The daughter of Otto II (955-983) was "won" from a chess match. E [BW]

1000 = RUSSIA; Chess reaches Russia from Byzantium and from the the Vikings. E [BW]

1005 = AL-HAKIM; Chess is banned in Egypt by al-Hakim; and all chess sets were burned. E [BW]

1007 = DAMIANI; Petrus Damiani born. E [BW]

1008.07.28 = ERMENGUAD; 1st written reference to chess in Europe, from a will of Ermengaud I, Count of Urgel. E [BW]

1011 = Firdausi completes Shahnama or Book of Kings. Written in Persian. References to chess. E [BW]

1013 = ENGLAND; Chess brought to England with the Danish invasion. E [BW]

1027 = Canute, King of Denmark and England, learns to play chess from pilgrimmage to Rome. E [BW]

1030 = al-Beruni writes of an Indian form of 4-handed chess and dice. - INDIA E [BW]

1035 = Canute died. E [BW]

1048 = Al-Beruni died. Wrote INDIA which mentioned chess. E [BW]

1050 = GERMAN; Earliest reference of chess in the German literature, the Latin epic Ruodlieb. E [BW]

1055 = POEM; Chess poem, Ludus scacorum or Elgia de Ludo Scachorum, written. E [BW]

1058 = al-Mawardi died. Wrote about chess. E [BW]

1060 = William the Conqueror breaks board over head of Prince of France. E [BW]

1061.12 = DAMIANI; Cardinal Damiani of Ostin forbids the clergy to play chess. E [BW]

1066 = BRITIAN; Chess introduced into Britain. E [BW]

1070 = al-mutamid, Morrish king, regarded as a chess patron. E [BW]

1072 = Damiani died. E [BW]

1078 = ALFONSO; King Alfonso VI of Castile played chess with B. Ammar. E [BW]

1078 = Seville was spared from siege due to a chess game. E [BW]

1080 = Normans name the financial departments exchequer. E [BW]

1081 = ALEXIUS; Emperor Alexius I comes to power. Plays chess with his court. E [BW]

1082 = PERSIA; Regulations of chess in persia are published. E [BW]

1089 = Jayyash leads revolt after disguising himself as indian chessplayer. E [BW]

1090 = Boards with alternating light and dark squares are introduced. E [BW]

1092 = IBN-EZRA; Abraham Ben Ibn-Ezra b. in Tudela, Spain. Author of Hebrew chess works. E [BW]

1093 = CHURCH; Chess is condemned by the eastern orthodox church. E [BW]

1097 = FRENCH; 1st French reference to chess. E [BW]

1098 = KARBUGA; Turkish General Karbuga was playing chess during the siege of Antioch. E [BW]

1100 = Abu 'l-Fath Ahmad as-Sinjari writes chess manuscript containing 287 mansubat. E [BW]

1100 = Chess becomes accepted as a regular featue of noble life. E [BW]

1100 = EUROPE; 1st Central European reference to chess. E [BW]

1100 = POLAND; Chess introduced in Poland. E [BW]

1100 = ROLAND; The French Carolingian epic, Song of Roland, mentions chess. E [BW]

1100 = Shogi played in Japan. E [BW]

1105 = KHAYYAM; Omar Khayyam writes the 'rubaiyat,' using a chess game. E [BW]

1106 = Exchequer at Westminster created; referred to as the scaccarium or chessboard. E [BW]

1106 = Henry I allowed his brother Robert, Duke of Nomandy, to play chess while imprisoned for 28 years. E [BW]

1106 = KNIGHTLY; Chess included in a list of knightly accomplishments by Petro Alfonsi. E [BW]

1108 = ar-Raghib died. Wrote that the Medinese refused to give their daughters in marriage to chessplayers. E [BW]

1110 = ZONARES; John Zonares, Eastern Church monk, excommunicated chessplayers. E [BW]

1112 = Dauphin throws chess pieces at King Henry I after losing. E [BW]

1115 = BYZANTINE; The emperor of the Byzantine empire is a chess addict. E [BW]

1119 = CORRES; 1st corr game: Henry I (1068-1135) of England & Louis VI (1081-1137). E [BW]

1120 = LEWIS; Oldest known chess set, the Lewis chessmen, from this period. E [BW]

1123 = Kyayyam wrote the RUBAIYAT with chess references E [BW]

1125 = BYZANTINE; Chess is banned in some byzantine churches. E [BW]

1128 = St. Bernard (1090-1153) forbids the knights templars from chess. E [BW]

1130 = Draughts, a variant of chess, invented in the south of France using backgammon pieces. E [BW]

1140 = Al-Mubarak writes Arabic manuscript for Abd-al-Hamid (AH manuscript) E [BW]

1140 = IBN-EZRA; 1st chess poems in Hebrew, by Ibn-Ezra. E [BW]

1140 = QUEEN'S LEAP; The fers's (queen')s leap is introduced in Spain by Ibn-Ezra. E [BW]

1144 = Hyde Abbey, Winchester, destroyed by fire. Chessmen from King Cnut. E [BW]

1148 = Alexiad of Anna Comnena mentions Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus playing chess. E [BW]

1150 = Draughts (checkers) started in France. E [BW]

1150 = LEWIS; Bone chessmen were being made. Lewis chessmen dated here. E [BW]

1157 = DANISH; A danish king saved himself by using a chessboard as a shield. E [BW]

1167 = IBN-EZRA; Abraham Ibn-Ezra died in London. Wrote several Hebrew works on chess. E [BW]

1167 = SPAIN; Earliest spanish reference to chess. E [BW]

1173 = ALGEBRAIC; A French manuscript uses algebraic notation. E [BW]

1180 = BRITISH; 1st British reference to chess, by a Winchester monk. E [BW]

1189 = PROBLEMS; 1st European reference to chess problems, by Gerald of Wales. E [BW]

1190 = Neckam condemns chess for being frivolous. E [BW]

1190 = NECKAM; Alexander Neckam devotes a chapter to chess in his treatise, On the Nature of Things. E [BW]

1190 = RICHARD I; King Richard I (1157-99) learns chess while on the crusades. E [BW]

1195 = MAIMONIDES; The rabbi Maimonides includes chess among the forbidden games. E [BW]

1197 = Abbot of Persigny writes to Countess of Perche warning her against chess. E [BW]

1199 = LACKLAND; John Lackland, King of England, was a keen chess player. E [BW]

1200 = Courier chess, played on a 12x8 board, introduced. E [BW]

1200 = Great chess, played on a 100 square board, introduced. E [BW]

1208 = SULLY; The bishop of Paris, Odo Sully, bans chess from the clergy. E [BW]

1210 = Morality of chess according to Pope Innocent III (1160-1216) written. E [BW]

1212 = Ferrand of Portugal hit his wife Jeanne over a game of chess. E [BW]

1213 = JOHN; King John was playing chess when his deputies from Rouen arrived to ask for his help against King Augustus. E [BW]

1217 = KHAN; Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, born. E [BW]

1220 = DICE; Chess is no longer played with dice to determine moves. E [BW]

1221 = Arabic manuscript (V) E [BW]

1230 = Astronomical chess introduced. E [BW]

1230 = Icelandic ST OLAF'S SAGA contains a chess incident. 1st appearance of chess in the Norse lands. E [BW]

1240 = FORBID; Chess forbidden to the clergy in Worcester, England. E [BW]

1242 = Al-Mustasim, Abbasid caliph, reigned E [BW]

1250 = ? Cessole, Jacopo da, (Cessolis), born in Italy. Author of the most famous of chess moralities. E [BW]

1250 = DENMARK; The king of Denmark was captured while playing chess. E [BW]

1250 = LOUIX; King Louis IX (1214-1270) receives a fine chess set from Aladdin. E [BW]

1250 = Mabinogion, Welsh epic, attains written form. Chess mentioned. E [BW]

1250 = VETULA; Latin verse romance, the Vetula, by Richard de Fournival. Mentions chess. E [BW]

1252 = JOHN; THE INNOCENT MORALITY chess allegory written by John of Wales. E [BW]

1254.08.16 = Court case about a chessplayer who stabbed his opponent to death. E [BW]

1254.12 = St Louis IX of France restricts chess to laymen. E [BW]

1255.05.08 = FRANCE; Provincial Council of Beziers in France forbids chess. E [BW]

1257 = Arabic manuscript now in British museum (BM manuscript) E [BW]

1258 = ABBASID; end of Abbasid caliphs. E [BW]

1258 = Al-Mustasim put to death by invading Mongols. E [BW]

1258 = Mongols sacked Baghdad. E [BW]

1260 = HENRY; King Henry III (1207-72) instructs the clergy to leave chess alone. E [BW]

1262 = Russian word for chess (shakmatny) is introduced. E [BW]

1264 = Quarrel over chess game; man stabs woman to death. E [BW]

1265 = Buzecca played 2 games blindfold, 1 OTB (+2=1) in Florence. E [BW]

1265 = KHAN; Hulagu Khan died. E [BW]

1268 = Conradon was playing chess in prison before being executed. E [BW]

1271 = DALMATION; Ruling dalmation towns of Yugoslavia was determined by a chess match. E [BW]

1273 = Cotton MS is the earliest English collection of chess problems. E [BW]

1275 = Cessole writes the most important of all moralities and most copied. E [BW]

1275 = PAWN; Option of pawn double move on the 1st move introduced in Italy. E [BW]

1279 = Chinese introduce new pieces to Chinese chess (siang ki) E [BW]

1283 = Alfonso manuscript completed. Compiled for Alfonso X, Castile King. Called Libro del Acedrex. E [BW]

1283 = Alfonso manuscript prescribed the use of a checkered board. E [BW]

1283 = Dice chess explained by King Alfonso X in his manuscript. E [BW]

1290 = Lombard lawyer, Guido de Baysio, formulate rules to govern chess. E [BW]

1291 = PECKMAN; The Archbishop of Cantebury, John Peckman, forbids chess. E [BW]

1295 = BONUS SOCIUS is 1st European MS using a coordinate notation. E [BW]

1295 = Bonus Socius, 1st compilation of chess problems, written in Lombardy. E [BW]

1299 = Priests were forbidden from playing chess. E [BW]

1300 = Cessole writes 'Book of the customs of men and the duties of nobles'. Chess morales. (liber de moribus) E [BW]

1300 = Gesta Romanorum, a chess morality compiled in England, written. E [BW]

1309 = HUGO; Ponce Hugo, Count of Ampurias, donates chessmen to the cathedral of Gerona. E [BW]

1310 = FORBID; Chess forbidden to the clergy in Germany (Council of Trier). E [BW]

1317 = Cessole in charge of the inquisition in Genoa. E [BW]

1320 = CARDS; Playing cards introduced. E [BW]

1322 = KALONYMOS; Jewish rabbi, Kalonymos Ben Kalonymos, condemns chess in his Eben Hohan. E [BW]

1323 = CHATRANG-NAMAK written; oldest of Pahlawi works E [BW]

1328 = ibn Taimiya (a Hanabalite) says chess can be played, but not for money. E [BW]

1329 = FORBID; Synod of Wurzburg, Germany forbids chess. E [BW]

1330 = Citadel chess invented. Extra square at each corner. E [BW]

1331 = al-jami plays 2 games blindfolded and a 3rd, simultaneously. E [BW]

1335 = Robert, King of Hungary, sent John, King of Bohemia, a chess set. E [BW]

1336 = Timur born. Mongol ruler and chess enthusiast, E [BW]

1337 = Ammenhausen writes about courier chess. E [BW]

1340 = persian 'treasury of sciences' includes 3 chapters on chess. E [BW]

1347 = CESSOLIS; 1st translation of the Cessolis morality into French. E [BW]

1350 = Margiolano of Florence is recognized as the leading blindfold player. E [BW]

1360 = Les Amoureux Eschecs written. Best example of romantic allegory. E [BW]

1369 = Chaucer (1343-1400) writes about chess in his poem The Book of the Duchess. E [BW]

1370 = Arabic manuscript written; belonged to Sultan of Egypt; in Cairo; (C manuscript) E [BW]

1370 = ARRANGEMENT; Earlist known chess puzzle called arrangement. E [BW]

1370 = GREGORY; Pope Gregory xi (1329-1378) is an avid chessplayer. E [BW]

1374 = Timur names his son shah-rukh after playing chess E [BW]

1375 = Charles V (1337-80) of France prohibits chess. E [BW]

1380 = William of Wykeleham, founder of Oxford, forbids chess. E [BW]

1390.10.10 = John I of Aragon requested a board and set at his lodging in Valencia. E [BW]

1391 = Charles D'Orleans b. Chess player and father of Louis XII. E [BW]

1391 = Orleans, Charles d' born. French prince and chessplyer. E [BW]

1392 = Charles VI (1368-1422) forbids chess. E [BW]

1397.02.05 = Louis, Duke of Orleans, purchased an elaborate chessboard. E [BW]

1405 = TIMUR; Mongol emperor Timur died. E [BW]

1407 = Louis, Duke of Orleans, died. Chessplayer. E [BW]

1408 = MOHAMMED; The Sultan Mohammed plays live chess in Grenada, Spain. E [BW]

1410 = Martin of Aragon is an avid collector of chess sets and books. E [BW]

1412 = LYDGATE; John Lydgate wrote Reson and sensuallyte, a romantic allegory. E [BW]

1416 = Jews of Forli banned all games of chance except chess. E [BW]

1420 = German king abandons the prohibition of chess. E [BW]

1422 = Cracow manuscript states that stalemate is a draw. E [BW]

1422 = Cracow poem attributes the invention of chess to Ulysses. E [BW]

1425 = ROYAL; 1st reference to chess as 'the royal game' in Lydgates translation. E [BW]

1430 = Charles VII (1403-61), King of France, is a chess addict. E [BW]

1433 = Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, born. Strong chessplayer. E [BW]

1437 = JAMES I; King James I of Scotland was playing chess when he was murdered. E [BW]

1440 = CIVIS BONONIAI, collection of chess problems, incorporated in Florentine manuscript. E [BW]

1446 = Arabic manuscript (Man.) E [BW]

1450 = Arabic manuscript (H) E [BW]

1450 = PROBLEM; Custom of attaching to each problem an author. E [BW]

1454 = CIVIS; Best copy of Civis Bononiae's manuscript made. Now in Modena. E [BW]

1454 = Living chess played in Morostica, Italy for the hand of a lady. E [BW]

1457.05 = Charles, Duke of Orleans, wins a rare chess manuscript. E [BW]

1460 = Charles the Bold (1433-77) considered the best player of his time. E [BW]

1464 = statute included chessmen in a list of goods which were no onger to be imported. E [BW]

1465 = Charles D'Orleans d. Chess player and father of Louis XII. E [BW]

1465 = Orleans, Charles d' died. French prince and chessplyer. E [BW]

1467 = BALLET; Colonna's Hypnerotomachia Poliphili describes chess balet. E [BW]

1470 = INNOCENT MORALITY published. 1st printed reference to chess. E [BW]

1471 = Gottingen manuscript published. 1st work devoted to modern chess. E [BW]

1472 = HARDBACK; 1st hardback book dealing with chess published. E [BW]

1472 = MORALITY; 1st printing of the Gesta Romanorum morality, in Latin. E [BW]

1474 = Caxton (1422-1491) publishes 'the game and playe of chesse.' E [BW]

1474.12 = Gottingen manuscript in the hands of King Alfonso V of Portugal. E [BW]

1475 = CHESS; Beginning of modern chess starts in southern Europe. E [BW]

1475 = Fers replaced by the queen and the aufin replaced by the bishop. E [BW]

1476 = CHARLES; At Louvaine, Charles the Bold forbids cards & dice, but not chess. E [BW]

1477 = Charles the Bold died. E [BW]

1480 = ? Damiano, Pedro born in Odemira, Portugal. Wrote 1st chess book in Italian. E [BW]

1485 = GAME; 1st known modern chess game recorded. E [BW]

1490 = En passant is introduced. E [BW]

1490 = PAINTING; 1st chess painting 'the chess players,' by a Venetian artist. E [BW]

1490 = VIDA; Marco Girolamo Vida born. E [BW]

1492 = Ferdinand played chess while Columbus negotiated. E [BW]

1495 = BOOK; 1st practical chess book printed, by the Catalan Vicent treatise on openings. E [BW]

1495 = INQUISITION; During the Inquisition, living chess was played. E [BW]

1495 = Vicent publishes his Catalan chess book, 1st practical chess book to be printed. E [BW]

1496 = BOOK; Oldest surviving book dealing with practical play printed by Lucena; Repeticion de Amores. E [BW]

1497 = Lucena writes 1st printed book on chess playing; dedicated to Prince Juan. E [BW]

1498 = Mennel presents manuscript to Emperor Maximilian I that chess is a game of skill. E [BW]

1500 = FIRDEWSI; World's longest poem, by Firdewsi, recounts how chess was invented. E [BW]

1500 = JEWS; Chess becomes a recognized pastime for Jews on the Sabbath. E [BW]

1500 = SCACHS; The Catalan Scachs d'amor chess poem written. E [BW]

1503 = Arabic manuscript (F) E [BW]

1503 = Firdewsi completes a chess book which includes Dilaram's mate. E [BW]

1509 = JAVA; 1st Portuguese expedition off Malacca. The Javans recognized chess E [BW]

1510 = Vida writes his poem, Scacchia Ludus, the 1st mention of a goddess of chess. E [BW]

1512 = BOOK; 1st chess book to be published in Italy, by Damiano in Rome. 2nd extant chess book. E [BW]

1512 = Damiano doesn't mention medieval chess. E [BW]

1512 = Damiano says chess was invented by Xerxes (Axedrez is Sp for chess). E [BW]

1512 = Manuscript copied by Guarini at Rome was last Italian collection of medieval chess. E [BW]

1513 = Vida writes chess poem Scacchia Ludus. E [BW]

1516 = CASTIGLIONE; Book of the Courtier written by Castiglione. Mentions chess. E [BW]

1518 = DAMIANO; 2nd printing of Damiano's book, Questo libro, printed in Rome. E [BW]

1520 = LEYDEN; Lucas von Leyden paints THE CHESSPLAYERS, showing Courier chess. E [BW]

1522 = VASSILI; Clergy ordered not to play chess by Vassili III. E [BW]

1524 = DAMIANO; 3rd printing of Damiano's book. E [BW]

1525 = SCACCHORUM; Unauthorized version of SCACCHORUM LIBER published in Florence. E [BW]

1525 = VIDA; Scacchia ludus by Vida published in Lyons; pirate version. E [BW]

1527 = Vida published SCACCHIA LUDUS, a famous poem on chess, Rome. E [BW]

1528 = Boi, Paolo born in Syracuse, Italy. 16th century leading player. E [BW]

1530 = Ruy Lopez b. in Zafra, Spain. Spanish priest & leading player. E [BW]

1533 = Atahualpa, inca emperor of peru, imprisoned and learns chess. E [BW]

1535 = ? Ceron, Alfonso born in Granada. E [BW]

1536 = Egenolff publishes updated SCHACHZABEL by Mennel in Franfort. E [BW]

1536 = Egenolff; Cessole morality by Egenolff at Franfurt mentions new chess. E [BW]

1537 = French pamphlet containing medieval chess problems; last medieval reference. E [BW]

1542 = LEONARDO; Giovanni Leonardo born in Calaria. Nicknamed Il Puttino (The Boy). E [BW]

1544 = Damiano, Pedro died in Portugal. Wrote 1st chess book in Italian. E [BW]

1548 = POLERIO; Giulio Polerio born in Lanciano, Italy. E [BW]

1549 = Boi defeats Pope Paul III in a chess match. E [BW]

1549 = Valladolid; Cessole's morality published at Valladolid. Last Spanish version. E [BW]

1550 = Arabic manuscript (Q) E [BW]

1550 = Arabic manuscript (RAS) E [BW]

1550 = CLUB; 1st chess club, organized in Italy. E [BW]

1550 = SYLVESTER; Protohierarch Sylvester denounces chess. E [BW]

1550 = Valdiviesco, Don Antonio de, Bishop of Nicaragua, assassinated while playing chess in his palace at Leon. E [BW]

1551 = Cessole's morality in dutch published at Louvain the last version. E [BW]

1551 = Ivan IV of Russia bans chess. Civil code called Hundred Chapters. E [BW]

1555 = Castling is introduced. E [BW]

1560 = DAMIANO; French version of Damiano's book published in Paris by Gruget. E [BW]

1560 = Ruy Lopez visits Rome and defeats all the players. E [BW]

1561 = CASTLING; Last time castling was 2 separate moves. E [BW]

1561 = Ruy Lopez proposes the 50-move rule to claim a draw. E [BW]

1561 = Ruy Lopez writes his book on chess. Introduces the word gambit. (Alcala, 1561) E [BW]

1562 = BOOK; 1st instructional book, Damiano translation, published in London. E [BW]

1562 = St Teresa, a Spanish reformer, includes chess in her writings. E [BW]

1564 = Damiano's book reprinted in Venice. E [BW]

1565 = ? MANTIA; Orazio Gianutio Della Mantia, chess author, born in Turin. E [BW]

1566 = VIDA; Marcus Vida died. Chess poet and Bishop of Alba. E [BW]

1569 = Damianio's book reprinted in English. E [BW]

1570 = ? Gianutto della Mantia, Horatio born in Italy. Author of Italian chess book. E [BW]

1570 = SALVIO; Alessandro Salvio b. Neapolitan author. Best analyst of his time. E [BW]

1571 = Arabic manuscript (S) E [BW]

1572 = Ruy lopez defeats several eminent players in Rome. E [BW]

1573.07.12 = Carrera, Pietro born in Militello, Sicily. Player and author. E [BW]

1574 = Boi and Leonardo beat Lopez and Ceron in presence of King Phillip II. E [BW]

1574 = Polerio records the important opening variations of his time. E [BW]

1574 = TOURNAMENT; 1st documented chess competion, played in Madrid. E [BW]

1575 = Arabic manuscript (R) E [BW]

1575 = Leonardo beats Ruy Lopez in Madrid. E [BW]

1575 = PLAGUE; After the Plaque of Cremona, all games except chess were banned. E [BW]

1575.08.22 = BOI; King of Spain writes letter of recommendation for Boi. E [BW]

1576 = Boi taken prisoner, but wins his freedom playing chess. E [BW]

1579 = Selenus, Gustavus born. E [BW]

1579 = Sukaikir is the last write on the older muslim game of chess. E [BW]

1579.04.10 = August der Jungere, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (Gustavus Selenus) born in Dannenberg, Germany. E [BW]

1580 = Catherine de Medici of France is a keen chess player. E [BW]

1580 = Ruy lopez died. E [BW]

1581 = RUSSIA; Letter from Poland says that Russians are strong players. E [BW]

1581 = Wilcox writes A Glasse for Gamesters, defending chess. E [BW]

1583 = Actius writes that chess is a game of skill, not gambling. E [BW]

1583 = QUEEN; Italian lawyer recommends notifying player when queen is attacked. E [BW]

1584 = Ivan the Terrible dies while starting a game of chess. E [BW]

1584 = Lopez's book translated into Italian by Tarsia and published in Venice. E [BW]

1584 = Polerio writes about Lopez, Boi, and Leonardo from Madrid. E [BW]

1586 = Leonardo poisoned. E [BW]

1587 = SHOGI; Japanese chess (shogi) played E [BW]

1590 = Polerio plays the 1st recorded King's Gambit. E [BW]

1590 = Polerio's manuscript mentions Caro Kann and Greco Counter Gambit. E [BW]

1590 = Russian book on regulations forbade chess in Russia. E [BW]

1594 = Poleriop dedicates chess treatise to duke of Sora. E [BW]

1597 = Book published by Gianutio dealing with openings and problems. Published in Turin. E [BW]

1597 = VIDA; 1st English version of Vida's Scacchia ludus. E [BW]

1598 = Boi, Paolo poisoned in Naples, Italy and died. E [BW]

1598 = James VI of Scotland writes Basilikon Doron and mentions chess. E [BW]

1600 = Castling established as a single move; still regional variations. E [BW]

1600 = Greco, Gioacchino born in Celico, Italy. Great 17th century Italian player. E [BW]

1600 = Nilakantha writes the BHAGAVANTABHASKARA, which has a chess section E [BW]

1600 = PRO; Appearance of professional players who made their living at chess. E [BW]

1600 = Stalemate in England is a win for the side whose King is stalemated E [BW]

1604 = Salvio publishes the 1st comprehensive chess book, in Naples; Trattato. E [BW]

1605 = Ohashi-Sokei appointed chief shogi player in Japan. E [BW]

1612 = Arabic manuscript (Y) E [BW]

1612 = Buoncompagno, Duke of Sora and illegitimate son of Pope Gregory XIII, leading Italian chess patron. E [BW]

1612 = Polerio died. E [BW]

1612 = Salvio wrote a chess tragedy in verse (La Scaccaide). E [BW]

1613 = SHAKESPEARE; Chess on stage in Shakespeare's The Tempest (Miranda playing Ferdinand). E [BW]

1614 = Don Quixote published; refers to chess. E [BW]

1614 = SAUL; Arthur Saul's FAMOUS GAME OF CHESSE PLAY published. Thought Xerxes invented chess. E [BW]

1614 = Stalemate was a loss according to A. Saul of England. E [BW]

1616 = Selenius publishes the earliest German book on openings, in Leipzig. (Lopez's book) E [BW]

1617 = Carrera prints a book on all aspects of chess (Gioco Degli Scacchi). E [BW]

1617 = Carrera suggests enlarging the chessboard to 10 x 8. E [BW]

1617 = Carrera suggests new piece, the champion (combines rook and knight). E [BW]

1619 = Greco compiles a manuscript on openings to a patron in Rome. E [BW]

1620 = CASTLING; Modern version of castling established in France. E [BW]

1621 = Burton writes Anatomy of Melancholy and mentions chess. E [BW]

1621 = Greco wins 5,000 crowns at the Court of the Duke of Lorraine, Paris. E [BW]

1622 = Greco went to London where he was robbed of his 5,000 crowns. E [BW]

1622 = PLAY; Chess used in a play caled THE SPANISH CURATE. E [BW]

1623 = Greco began the practice of giving complete games. E [BW]

1623 = Greco presents chess manuscript to Nicholas Montstephen. E [BW]

1624 = Greco defeats all opponents at the court of Philip IV. E [BW]

1624 = Middleton's play suppressed by James I & Middleton went to prison. E [BW]

1624 = PLAY; A play, "A Game of Chess" by Thomas Middleton, written. Anti-Spanish. E [BW]

1625 = History of St Demys Abbey saying Charlegmane gave them a chess set. E [BW]

1630 = Charles I is a chess addict, spending all his time at chess. E [BW]

1633 = Ecclesiastical lawyers declare chess as legal. E [BW]

1634 = Greco, Gioacchino died in the West Indies; strongest player of his day. E [BW]

1634 = Salvio publishes an account of Leonardo da Cutri, IL PUTTINO. E [BW]

1634 = Salvio republishes his Trattato; attacked Carrera. E [BW]

1634 = Salvio starts a chess academy in Naples. E [BW]

1635 = Louis XIII was a chess addict. E [BW]

1636.06.29 = Hyde, Thomas, chess historian, born in Billingsley, England. E [BW]

1640 = CASTLING; Modern version of castling established in England. E [BW]

1640 = CHARLES; King Charles I of England is a keen chessplayer. E [BW]

1640 = MATE; 1st mention of Scholar's mate in 2nd edition of Saul's chess book. E [BW]

1640 = Salvio died. E [BW]

1641 = AMERICA; 1st mention of chess in America, in a history of Dutch settlers. E [BW]

1643 = Civil War pamphlet called The Game at Chess published. E [BW]

1647 = Charles I was playing chess when the Scots surrendered. E [BW]

1647.09.18 = Carrera, Pietro died in Messina, Italy. Sicilian historian & antiquarian. E [BW]

1649 = ALEXEI; The Tsar Alexei punished chessplayers by whipping and prison. E [BW]

1650 = CORRES; Venetian merchant conducts a corr. game against Slovenia player. E [BW]

1651.05.13 = STROBECK; Frederick William I of Prussia gives chess board to town of Strobeck. E [BW]

1652 = COFFEE HOUSE; 1st coffee house opened in London. Chess was played there. E [BW]

1654 = Cunningham, Alexander born in Scotland. Diplomat and historian. Cunningham gambit. E [BW]

1655 = Cunningham, Alexander born in Scotland. Classical scholar. E [BW]

1656 = BEALE; ROYALL GAME OF CHESS PLAYE, by Beale, 1st published smothered mate. E [BW]

1656 = GRECO; Earliest edition of Greco's work published, in English. E [BW]

1658 = Khalifa writes Arabic bibliography; has catalog of chess books E [BW]

1660 = JEHAN; The Shah Jehan builds a chess palace. E [BW]

1663.04.23 = TSAR; Chess sets presented to the Tsar. E [BW]

1665 = ABU; Earlist dating of Abu 'l-fath manuscript. E [BW]

1666 = Selenus died. E [BW]

1666.09.17 = August der Jungere, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (Gustavus Selenus) died in Wolfenbuttel, Germany. E [BW]

1667 = SACCHERI; Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri born. Played 3 games blindfold. E [BW]

1669 = Greco's manuscripts published in Paris. E [BW]

1669 = MIKHAILOVITCH; Tsar Alexei Mikhailovitch orders 10 sets of chessmen. E [BW]

1670 = Cafe de la Regence opened in Paris. Closed in 1916. E [BW]

1672 = BOOK; Next English book since 1656, a re-issue of Saul and Barbier. E [BW]

1675 = Leibniz, the german philosopher, played chess. E [BW]

1680 = ACADEMY; A chess academy was conducted at Fountainbleau. E [BW]

1683 = Piacenza writes book describing flank openings as fianchetti. E [BW]

1685 = RUSSIA; Muscovite embassy to Louis XIV defeated French players in Paris. E [BW]

1686 = Tsar liberates man from confinement whose crime was playing chess and swearing. E [BW]

1687 = SIAM; 1st account of chess in Siam by La Loubere, envoy to Louis XIV E [BW]

1689 = Peter the Great born. E [BW]

1690 = ASPERLING; 'Traite de Lausanne' written by B. Asperling. E [BW]

1690 = Books on the origin of chess published in Naples by Marco Severino. E [BW]

1690 = KING'S LEAP; The medieval's king leap makes its last appearance in the 'Traite'. E [BW]

1690 = OPENINGS; 1st time openings are classified in an orderly way. E [BW]

1692 = Slaughter's coffee house in London founded for chessplayers. E [BW]

1694 = Hyde publishes the 1st scholarly attempt of oriental chess origins, De Ludis Orientalibus. E [BW]

1695 = ? Bertin, Joseph born at Castelmoron-sur-Lot. Chess author. E [BW]

1697 = Herbelot's BIBLIOTHEQUE ORIENTALE, gives some chess history. E [BW]

1698 = GENTIL; TRAITE DES LAUSANNE by Gentil published. 1st appearance of QGCG. E [BW]

1698 = LOLLI; Giambattista Lolli born in Nonantola. Chess author. E [BW]

1700 = Payagunda writes CHATURANGAVINODA (The Game of Chess) E [BW]

1700 = Peter the Great cancels a ban on chess. E [BW]

1700 = Slaugter's Coffee House was center of London until 1770. E [BW]

1702 = LEGAL; M. de Kermar, Sire de Legal, born. Philidor's teacher. E [BW]

1702.02.18 = Hyde, Thomas died in Oxford, England. Oriental scholar. Establised Indian origin of chess. E [BW]

1705 = Liebniz takes interest in chess. E [BW]

1705 = STAMMA; Phillip Stamma born. Chess player from Aleppo. Interpreter of Oriental languages. E [BW]

1706 = CAZE; M. Caze writes an unpublished manuscript on the King's Gambit. E [BW]

1706 = FRANKLIN; Benjamin Franklin born. Wrote 'Morals of chess'. E [BW]

1707 = Cunningham, Alexander originates the Bertin Gambit, published by Bertin in 1735. E [BW]

1709 = Charles XII, King of Sweden, plays chess. E [BW]

1711 = PROHIBITED; chess is prohibitted in Frankfort for 14 years after the Great Fire. E [BW]

1715 = CLUB; 1st chess club in England at Slaughter's in London. E [BW]

1715 = Cozio, Carlo born in Italy. Count of Montiglio and chess author. E [BW]

1718 = Charles XII died. King of Sweden who played chess. E [BW]

1718 = del Rio, Ercole born in Guiglia, Italy. Author. E [BW]

1718 = Grotto beat English Admiral Byng in Naples. E [BW]

1718 = RIO; Domenico del Rio, the anonymous modenese, born. E [BW]

1719 = Feret, in a paper to the French Academy, supports Indian origin of chess. E [BW]

1719.11.09 = PONZIANI; Domenico Ponziani born in Modena, Italy. Prof. of Civil Law, Canon of the Cathedral, vicar. E [BW]

1722 = Three-handed chess and board invented by Marinelli in Naples. E [BW]

1723 = GROTTO; D. Scipone del Grotto died. Leading player of Naples. Priest from Salerno. E [BW]

1723 = Sicilian Defense played in Naples by Severino. E [BW]

1726.09.07 = Philidor born at Dreux near Paris. 18th century master. Wrote 23 operas. E [BW]

1728 = BEUMONT; Charles Chevalier d'Eon de Beumont born. Fr. diplomat & chessplayer. E [BW]

1728 = Eon de Beaumont, Charles born. (d'eon) Transvestite. E [BW]

1730.12 = Cunningham, Alexander died at the Hague. Classical scholar. E [BW]

1733 = Rousseau becomes interested in chess. Writes about it in his Confessions. E [BW]

1733.09.15 = Short Essay on the Game of Chess appears in the Craftsman. E [BW]

1734 = KEMPELEN; Wolfgang von Kempelen, inventor of the first automaton, born. E [BW]

1735 = BERTIN; THE NOBLE GAME OF CHESS by Bertin is 1st worthwhile English book. E [BW]

1736 = ? Bertin, Joseph died. Author of THE NOBLE GAME OF CHESS. E [BW]

1736 = Philidor learns how to play chess. E [BW]

1736.12.19 = Bruhl, John (Hans) born in Wiederau, Germany. Gave support to Philidor. Minister of Saxony. E [BW]

1737 = Cunningham, Alexander died in London; Diplomat and historian. Cunningham gambit. E [BW]

1737 = Stamma publishes a chess book in Paris. 1st book using standard notation. Essai. (Murray, 847) E [BW]

1738 = Philidor writes opera, performed at Versailles. E [BW]

1740 = Legall teaches chess to Philidor. Legal starts with Rook odds. E [BW]

1740 = Philidor leave choir of Chapel Royal. E [BW]

1741 = Stamma's book published in French at The Hague. E [BW]

1742 = Rousseau meets Legal and Philidor at the Cafe Maugis. E [BW]

1743 = BOARD; Chess played on a board 14 by 10 in London. Invented by the Duke of Rutland. E [BW]

1743 = Philidor and Legal playing on even level. E [BW]

1744 = Philidor plays 2 opponents blindfold in Paris at age 18. E [BW]

1745 = Atwood, George born in England. Played many games with Philidor. Distinguished mathematician. E [BW]

1745 = HOYLE; 1st edition of Hoyles games published, with a chess section. E [BW]

1745 = Stamma publishes 'the noble game of chess' in algebraic notation. Published in London. E [BW]

1745.12 = Philidor earns a living by teaching and playing chess at The Hague. E [BW]

1746 = JONES; Sir William Jones born. Translated 1st Sanskrit reference to chess E [BW]

1746.02.15 = Heinse, Wilhelm born in Ilmenau, Germany. Wrote about Anastasia's mate. E [BW]

1747 = Philidor defeats Stamma in a match at Slaughter's in London. 10 games. E [BW]

1747 = Philidor visits England under the auspices of Sir Janssen, strongest English player. E [BW]

1747 = Twiss, Richard born. Chess author. E [BW]

1748 = Philidor introduces the modern rule of numbering each move and its reply with the same number. E [BW]

1748 = Philidor writes L'ANALYSE DU JEU DES ESCHECS. Lord Sandwich orders 10 copies. E [BW]

1748 = Stein, Elias born. Chess tutor of Dutch royalty. E [BW]

1748 = Voltaire and Emperor Frederick II of Prussia play chess. E [BW]

1749 = Philidor publishes ANALYZE DES ESCHECS in London, most important chess book to date. E [BW]

1750 = Arabic manuscript (Z) E [BW]

1750 = Del Rio publishes a chess book. 1st on the Scotch opening. E [BW]

1750 = GRECO; CHESS MADE EASY, an English edition of Greco's work, published. E [BW]

1750 = king leap ended in Spain and Portugal. E [BW]

1750 = Legal's mate introduced by Legal against Saint Brie. E [BW]

1750 = Philidor gives chess exhibitions for Frederick the Great. E [BW]

1750 = Philidor plays 3 games blindfold in Berlin, winning all 3. E [BW]

1750 = PHILIDOR; English editon of Philidor's book published. Called Chess Analyzed. E [BW]

1751 = Philidor plays 3 blindfold games simultaneously in Berlin. E [BW]

1752 = Chess manuscript presented to Gottingen University by F. Borner. E [BW]

1754 = Battilor, Stefano died. E [BW]

1754.09 = Philidor returns to France after an absence of 9 years. E [BW]

1755 = Article on chess in Diderot's ENCYCLOPEDIE. E [BW]

1755 = Philidor defeats Legall in France at the Cafe de la Regence. E [BW]

1755 = Stamma died. E [BW]

1760 = Rousseau plays Prince de Conti, winning 2 games. E [BW]

1761 = Hoyle publishes essay on chess (Murray 850). E [BW]

1762 = Franklin plays Bartram (game - CR 1/62,18) E [BW]

1763 = Caissa, the muse or goddess of chess, created by Sir William Jones. E [BW]

1763 = FIANCHETTO; Modern usage of fianchetto 1st described by Lolli. E [BW]

1763 = JONES; Sir William Jones writes the poem Caissa. E [BW]

1763 = Lolli publishes a 632 page compendium of chess. E [BW]

1763.06.19 = Allgaier, Johann born in Schussenried, Germany. Tutored the Emperor's sons. E [BW]

1764 = LAMBE; HISTORY OF CHESS by Lambe published in London. E [BW]

1766 = Alexandre, Aaron born in Hohenfeld, Bavaria. E [BW]

1766 = COZIO; 4-part 2-volume IL GIUOCO DEGLI SCACCHI by Cozio completed. E [BW]

1767 = Hyde's Latin work on the history of chess reprinted as 2nd volume. E [BW]

1769 = Automaton, first was the Turk. E [BW]

1769 = Hoyle dies. E [BW]

1769 = Lolli died. E [BW]

1769 = Ponziani publishes a practical chess guide to chess. E [BW]

1769 = Von Kempelen's The Turk is the 1st great cabinet illusion. E [BW]

1770 = club formed at the Salopian Coffee House in England. E [BW]

1770 = Cochrane, James born in England. Wrote a book on the Muzio Gambit in 1829. E [BW]

1770 = Pratt, Peter born. Chess author. E [BW]

1770 = Turk 1st exhibited in Vienna at the court of Maria Theresa at Vienna. E [BW]

1771 = Philidor plays chess at the Salopian Coffee-house. E [BW]

1771 = THEATRE; Chess is used in the theater in LE BOURRU BIENFAISSANT. E [BW]

1772 = Coxe sees 4-handed chess in Russia. 1st reference to 4-handed chess. E [BW]

1772 = Jones, Sir William publishes his Poems (Oxford), including Caissa. E [BW]

1772 = Maelzel, John Nepomucene born in Ratisbon, Bavaria. Turk owner. E [BW]

1772 = Parsloe's, a chess club in London, founded. Closed in 1825. E [BW]

1772 = Philidor returns to London. E [BW]

1772 = SARRATT; Jacob Sarratt born. 1st professional to teach chess in England. E [BW]

1773 = PLAY; Chess used in Goethe's 1st play. E [BW]

1774 = BOOK; Oldest Danish chess book (Murray, 854). E [BW]

1774 = Parsloe's CC founded in England. Limited to 100 members. (Murray 863) E [BW]

1775 = CATHERINE; Prince Potemkin and Catherine the Great play chess. E [BW]

1775 = TRAITES DES AMATEURS published by Bernard, Carlier, Leger, Verdoni. E [BW]

1775.02 = Philidor gives chess lessons at Parsole's for 1 crown. E [BW]

1776.12.26 = RALL; British General Rall died in Battle of Trenton. Was playing chess. E [BW]

1777 = Gauss born. Chessplayer. Solved the 8 queens problem. E [BW]

1777 = PHILIDOR; 2nd edition of Philidor's book, ANALYZE, in French and English. E [BW]

1777.06 = d'Eon de Beaumont subscribes to Philidor's new book edition. E [BW]

1779 = ROGET; Peter Roget b. Devised 1st poecket set. Wrote the Thesaurus. E [BW]

1779 = RUTLAND; Duke of Rutland's chess invented using a 14 x 10 board. E [BW]

1780 = Cotter of England 1st plays the Allgaier Gambit of the KGA. E [BW]

1780 = Cozio, Carlo died in Italy. Author. E [BW]

1780.03.07 = Deschapelles, Alexandre born in Ville d'Avray, France.. Lost his right arm in a war. E [BW]

1781 = RECORD; 1st recording of games systematically, by Atwood. E [BW]

1781 = Vezin, Charles born in Hanover. Philadelphia's best chess player. E [BW]

1782 = Ponziani writes IL GUICO INCOMPARABILE DEGLI SCACCI, Modena E [BW]

1782.03.07 = Butrimov, Ivan born in St Petersburg. Published 1st Russian chess book in 1821, E [BW]

1782.05.28 = Philidor plays Count Bruhl and Bowdler blindfold, simultaneously. E [BW]

1783 = CLUB; Paris starts chess club under patronage of Louis XVIII. E [BW]

1783 = Franklin plays the Turk in Paris. E [BW]

1783 = TURK; 2nd performance of the Turk, in Vienna for Emperor Joseph II. E [BW]

1783.05.08 = Philidor plays 3 games simultaneously, blindfolded. Age 57. (won 2, drew 1) E [BW]

1784 = BOOK; Oldest Swedish book, Kort Afhandling, is published by Konigstedt. E [BW]

1784 = Kempelen brings The Turk to Britain. E [BW]

1784 = O-O; Moses Hirschel introduces the o-o and o-o-o symbol. (Murray, 848). E [BW]

1784 = Thicknesse; 'The automaton chessplayer, exposed' by Thicknesse, published in London. E [BW]

1785 = Frederick the Great plays the Turk. E [BW]

1786.12 = Frankin publishes his 'Morals of Chess' in COLUMBIAN MAGAZINE. E [BW]

1787 = Barrington write An Historical Disquisition on the Game of Chess. E [BW]

1787 = MOURET; Jacques Mouret born. Turk operator. Nephew of Philidor. E [BW]

1787 = Twiss writes book called Chess (volume 1) anonymously. E [BW]

1787.10.09 = LEWIS; William Lewis, English player, b. in Birmingham. Operated the Turk. E [BW]

1788 = Philidor playing at 62 giving knight odds. E [BW]

1789 = Racknitz builds a duplicate turk. Publishes book exposing the Turk. E [BW]

1789 = Stein publishes opening book; analyzes the Dutch defense. E [BW]

1789 = Twiss writes Chess (vol 2). E [BW]

1790 = JONES; Sir William Jones writes On the Indian Game of Chess. E [BW]

1790 = Philidor plays at age 64 blindfold, simultaneously at pawn odds. E [BW]

1790 = PHILIDOR; 3rd edition of Philidor's book published. E [BW]

1790 = ROOK; 1st known double rook sac made by Bowdler against Conway, London. E [BW]

1790.01.27 = Evans, William, inventor of the Evans gambit, born in Pembroke, Wales. E [BW]

1791 = BOOK, RUSSIA; 1st chess book published in Russia. E [BW]

1792 = Legall died. Philidor's teacher. E [BW]

1793 = Irwin writes Account of the Chinese Game of Chess. E [BW]

1794 = Douce writes EUROPEAN NAMES OF CHESSMEN in Archaeologia, London E [BW]

1794 = JONES; Sir William Jones died. Sanskrit translater E [BW]

1794.02.12 = PETROFF; Alexander Petroff b. in Viserovo, Russia. 1st strong Russian player. E [BW]

1794.02.23 = Philidor plays several blindfold, simultaneously at age 68. E [BW]

1795 = ALLGAIER; 1st German chess manual, published by Allgaier, in Vienna. E [BW]

1795 = BURMA; 1st account of Burmese chess in Syme's ACCOUNT OF AN EMBASSY TO THE KINGDOM OF AVA. E [BW]

1795 = Turkish chess manuscript with 128 chess problems; now in Berlin E [BW]

1795.06.20 = Philidor's last blindfold performance. E [BW]

1795.07.27 = Bledow, Ludwig, founder of the Pleiades, born in Berlin. E [BW]

1795.08.05 = PHILIDOR; Last known game of Philidor. Still winning at age 69 with pawn odds. E [BW]

1795.08.31 = Philidor died in London. Age 69. E [BW]

1796 = Atwood plays chess against Verdoni. E [BW]

1796 = Muhammad-khan, Shir wrote SARDARNAMA. E [BW]

1796 = NEWHAM; Samuel Newham, England's leading provincial player, born. E [BW]

1796.07.15 = Ponziani died. E [BW]

1797 = automaton is a center in a play. E [BW]

1797 = Bourdonnais, Louis Charles de la, born in Reunion Island. E [BW]

1797 = de Labourdonnais, Louis born in La Reunion. E [BW]

1797 = Morosi makes an automaton for Ferdinand III, Duke of Tuscany. E [BW]

1797.01.21 = Calvi, Iganzio born in Reggio Emilia, Italy. Italian player and composer. E [BW]

1798 = Morosi makes an automaton and displays it in Paris. E [BW]

1798 = PRETI; Jean-Loius Preti b. Chess writer. Started LA STRATEGIE. E [BW]

1798.02.04 = Cochrane, John, born in England. Scottish player. Founder of the romantic style. E [BW]

1798.04.28 = Forbes, Duncan born in Kinnaird, Scotland. Scottish writer on chess history. E [BW]

1798.05.21 = McDonnell, Alexander b. Belfast. Best player in England around 1830. E [BW]

1799 = Cox publishes book on Burma Game of chess. E [BW]

1799 = Durand, Philippe born in Fresnay-la-Mere. Wrote 1st book devoted to the practical endgame. E [BW]

1799.11.25 = Agnel, Hyacinth born in NY City. Author.E [BW]

18.446.744.073.709.551.615 264-1 = Anzahl der Weizenkörner in der ® Weizenkornlegende f ®E

1800 = Grimm, Vincent born in Vienna. Grimm Attack. E [BW]

1800 = Schlumberger born in Mulhouse. Teacher of St Amant. Operated the Turk. E [BW]

1800 = STALEMATE; Last time stalemate is a win for the side whose King is stalemated in England E [BW]

1800.08.15 = Basterot, Barthelemy born in Dublin. E [BW]

1800.09.02 = Saint-Amant born at Cheteau Latour. Leading French player. E [BW]

1801 = Del Rio completed another chess book, which remained unpublished. E [BW]

1802 = 1st American chess book - CHESS MADE EASY, published in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1802 = Del Rio, Ercole died. Nicknamed the anonymous Modenese. E [BW]

1803 = Anatasia's mate, with Knight & Rook, published by Heinse, Wilhelm (1746-1803). E [BW]

1803 = Bryan, Thomas born in Philadelphia. Bryan variation. E [BW]

1803 = TURK; Anthon exhibits Turk in London. E [BW]

1803, 22. Juni ® Heinse ® Anastasia und das Schachspiel. Briefe aus Italien

1803.03.13 = Walker, George born. English chess writer and organizer. E [BW]

1803.06.22 = Heinse, Wilhelm died in Aschaffenburg, Germany. Wrote about Anastasia's mate. E [BW]

1804 = CORR; 1st authenticated correspondence match - The Hague vs. Breda. (BCM 1974,141) E [BW]

1804 = Napoleon Bonaparte plays the Alekhine's Defense. E [BW]

1804 = PHILIDOR; The name 'Philidor's Legacy', 1st used in book by Pruen. E [BW]

1804 = Verdoni died. Italian player. E [BW]

1804.03.26 = Kempelen, inventor of the first automaton, Turk, died. Aulic Counselor on Mechanics to the Royal Chamber. E [BW]

1804.05.15 = d'Orville, Pierre born in St Petersburg. Problemist. E [BW]

1805 = BOOK; 1st original American chess book published in Boston. E [BW]

1805 = Maelzel buys the Turk from Kempelen' son. E [BW]

1805 = Sarratt reputedly the best player in England until his death in 1819. E [BW]

1805 = Szen born in Pesth, Hungary. Founded Budapest Chess Club. E [BW]

1806.01.01 = Kieseritzky b. Tartu. Strong French player of his day. E [BW]

1807 = CLUB; London Chess Club founded. E [BW]

1807 = Stalemate becomes a draw in England after persuasion by Sarratt. E [BW]

1807 = Worrall, Thomas born. British Commissioner in Mexico. E [BW]

1807.03.17 = Mongredian born. Pres. of London CC and Liverpool CC. E [BW]

1807.07.11 = Atwood, George died in London. Played Philidor and recorded Philidor's games. E [BW]

1808 = Sarratt is chess pro at Salopian coffee house, London. E [BW]

1808 = SARRATT; TREATISE ON THE GAME OF CHESS by J. Sarratt published. E [BW]

1808.05.10 = Horwitz, Bernhard born in Neustrelitz, Germany. One of the Pleiades. E [BW]

1808.12.17 = Allen, George born in Milton Township, VT. Chess author and nephew of Ethen Allen. E [BW]

1809 = TURK; The Turk (Allgaier) defeats Napoleon at Schonbrunn. (game - CR 1/47, 16) E [BW]

1809 = Zurich chess club, oldest chess club in Europe, founded. E [BW]

1809.06.09 = Bruhl, John (Hans) died in London. E [BW]

1810 = Eon de Beaumont, Charles died. (d'eon) Transvestite. E [BW]

1810 = Rousseau, Eugene born. French player. E [BW]

1810 = WILLIAMS; Elijah Williams b. Bristol. English chess master. E [BW]

1810.02.02 = Hanneken, Hermann von, born in Vicheln, Prussia. Prussian General. Hanneken Defense. E [BW]

1810.03 = Staunton b. Westmoreland. Leading player of the 1840's. E [BW]

1810.07.15 = Lowenthal b. Budapest. Strong British player. E [BW]

1811 = 1st time the openings written in tabular form, in Allgier's book. E [BW]

1811 = Beauharnais, Napoleons's stepson, buys the Turk for 30,000 francs E [BW]

1811 = Kling b. Mainz. Composer and pioneer endgame analyst. E [BW]

1811 = Last known copy of the 1st practical chess book (1495) destroyed. E [BW]

1811.08.03 = Hanstein, Wilhelm born in Berlin. Magazine founder. Hanstein Gambit. Elo: 2480. E [BW]

1812.02.29 = Hirschbach, Hermann born in Berlin. Hirschbach var. E [BW]

1813 = Sarratt publishes the works of Damaino, Ruy Lopez, and Salvio. E [BW]

1813.07.09 = 1st newspaper chess column in "Liverpool Mercury." Ran until 1819. E [BW]

1813.08.23 = Jaenisch born. Resigned his army commission to play chess. E [BW]

1814 = Shastri writes ESSAYS ON CHESS, Bombay. Known as the Brahmin. 1st Indian problems. E [BW]

1814 = Wyvill, Marmaduke born. Placed 2nd in the London 1851 tournament. E [BW]

1815 = Hamppe, Carl born in Vienna. Elo: 2410. Hamppe opening E [BW]

1815.07.08 = Howe, Henry born in Guildford, England. Canandian ch 1877. E [BW]

1815.09.21 = Bilguer, Paul born in Ludwigslust, Germany. Wrote HANDBUCH DES SCHACHSPIELS. A Pleides. E [BW]

1816 = Maelzel supposedly invents the metronome; swiped from Winkel. E [BW]

1816.11.17 = Hicks, William born in Portsmouth, England. Canadian ch 1874. E [BW]

1817 = Maelzel repurchases the Turk. Exhibits in Paris. E [BW]

1817 = Sarratt publishes works on Gianutio and Selenius. E [BW]

1817 = Schliemann born. Played the Schliemann Defense in the 1860s. E [BW]

1817.10.10 = Dubois, Serafino born in Rome. Elo: 2550 E [BW]

1818 = Kenny, W.S. publishes his "Practical Chess Grammar." E [BW]

1818 = LASA; Tassilo von der Lasa born. Conceived of a German opening handbook. E [BW]

1818.07.06 = Anderssen, Adolf born in Breslau (now Wroclaw), Germany. E [BW]

1818.09 = Turk in London. Operator is William Lewis, Champion of England. E [BW]

1818.10.17 = Heydebrand un der Lasa, Tassilo born in Berlin. E [BW]

1819 = Allgaier publishes detailed analysis of the Allgaier Gambit. E [BW]

1819 = Brunet y Bellet, Jose born in Barcelona. E [BW]

1819 = Williams, then Mouret operate the Turk. E [BW]

1819 n. Chr. Hamburger Schachfreunde gründeten den ersten deutschen Schachverein, [GH]

1819.06.27 = Falkbeer, Ernst born in Brno, Czechoslovakia. Edited THE CHESS PLAYERS' MAGAZINE. Elo: 2410. E [BW]

1819.09 = Stanley born in Brighton. Strong American master. Died in 1901. E [BW]

1819.11.06 = Sarratt died impovrished. Strongest English player of his day. E [BW]

1820 = KANN; Marcus Kann born in Vienna. Published analysis of Caro-Kann in 1886. E [BW]

1820 = TURK; Robert Willis published a book in which he analyzed the Turk. E [BW]

1820.01 = Bayer, Aloys displays his Bavarian Boy automaton in Munich. E [BW]

1820.12.08 = Frere, Thomas born in New York City. Wrote chess handbook. E [BW]

1821 = BUTRIMOV; 1st Russian manual on chess published, by Butrimov. E [BW]

1821 = NEW TREATISE OF CHESS by Sarratt is 1st to have a beginner's section. E [BW]

1821 = Twiss, Richard died. Chess author. E [BW]

1821 = WEBER; Albrecht Weber born. 1st to investigate Indian literature for referecnes to chess. E [BW]

1821 = Willis, Robert published an article about a hidden operator in the Turk in 'The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal.' E [BW]

1821.08.12 = WARE; Preston Ware born in Boston. Played in the US ch in 1880. Pres of American chess Foundation. E [BW]

1821.11.24 = Buckle, Henry born in Kent. Historian and leading British player. Read 12 languages. Elo: 2480 E [BW]

1822 = ALLEN; L. Allen writes CHESS IN EUROPE DURING THE 13TH CENTURY E [BW]

1822 = Divan, famous chess room in London, founded by Samuel Ries. E [BW]

1823 = 1st chess column to appear in a periodical, by Walker for LANCET. E [BW]

1823.01.03 = Allgaier, Johann died in Vienna of dropsy. Strong master from Vienna. E [BW]

1823.04.29 = Harrwitz, Daniel born in Breslau, Poland.. Strong German player of his day. Elo: 2520. E [BW]

1823.09.30 = Gottschall, Rudolf born in Breslau, Poland. Founder of the German chess federation. E [BW]

1824 = Beauharnois, Prince Eugene died. Bought the Turk for a brief time. E [BW]

1824 = Evans discovered the Evans Gambit. E [BW]

1824 = Herzfeld, Sebastian born in Austria. Physician. Herzfeld defense. E [BW]

1824.04 = Scotch opening named from the Edinburgh-London corr. match. E [BW]

1824.04.23 = 1st corr, matches, between London & Edinburgh. Edinburgh won in July 1826. E [BW]

1824.10.22 = Hookham, Henry born in London. New Zealand ch 1890. E [BW]

1825 = Barnes, Thomas born in Falmouth, England. Scored more wins than anyone else against Morphy. E [BW]

1825 = Ben Oni by Reinganun, published in Frankfurt. 1st mention of Benoni. E [BW]

1825 = Benoni named after book published by Aaron Reinganum. E [BW]

1825 = Parsloe's, a famous chess club in London, closed. E [BW]

1825.09.25 = Hooper, Charles Alfred, creater of Ajeeb, born in Bristol, England. E [BW]

1825.12.20 = Maelzel sails for America with Turk to escape debts and lawsuits. (BCM 1977,401) E [BW]

1826 = Schlumberger arrives in America. E [BW]

1826.02.03 = Maelzel landed in New York with the Turk. E [BW]

1826.04.04 = Boden, Samuel born in Hull. Morphy considered him strongest English plyr. E [BW]

1826.04.13 = Turk 1st exhibition in the US, in New York. Operator is a Frenchwoman. E [BW]

1826.05.30 = Blackmar, Armand born in Bennington, VT. Originated the Blackmar Gambit in 1881. E [BW]

1826.07 = Edinburgh won 1st corr. chess match against London. Started in 1924. E [BW]

1826.09.13 = Turk exhibited in Boston. E [BW]

1826.10.01 = Schlumberger arrives in Boston to operate the Turk. E [BW]

1826.12.22 = The Turk arrives in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1827 = 1st chess club in Philadelphia formed after the Turk visits the city. E [BW]

1827 = Owen, John ('Alter') born. Strong English player. E [BW]

1827 = Urusov, Sergei born. Chess-playing Russian prince. E [BW]

1827.05 = Two youths observe the operator emerge from the Turk. E [BW]

1827.05 = WALKER; Daniel Walker builds an automaton, The American Chessplayer. E [BW]

1827.05.30 = Brown, John born in Bridport, England. Problemist. E [BW]

1827.06.01 = Baltimore Gazette revealed how the Turk operated with a hidden operator. E [BW]

1827.06.01 = Carroll, Charles age 84, plays The Turk. Signed Dec of Independence. E [BW]

1828 = Ranken, Charles born. First president of the Oxford University Chess Club. E [BW]

1828 = Tolstoy, Leo born. Russian chess novelist and chess fanatic. E [BW]

1828.04.15 = From, Martin born in Nakskov, Denmark. From's Gambit named after him. E [BW]

1828.09 = Turk returns to Europe. E [BW]

1828.11.10 = Bayer, Conrad born in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia. Prize-winning problemist. E [BW]

1829 = 1st book entirely devoted to one opening, published in India. E [BW]

1829 = Abbazia Defense of the Kings's Gambit 1st published by Silberschmidt. E [BW]

1829 = Cochrane, James and Kassam wrote THE MUZIO GAMBIT, Madras 1829. E [BW]

1829 = Correspondence between Madras and Hyderabad. E [BW]

1829.02.14 = Dufresne, Jean born. German player and writer. Elo: 2370 E [BW]

1829.04 = Turk returns to US. E [BW]

1829.04.21 = Crosskill, Alfred born in Beverley, England. Endgame analyst. E [BW]

1830 = Hamburger Schachklub, oldest chess club in Germany, founded. E [BW]

1830.05. = Campbell, Joseph born in Cookstown, Ulster. Problemist E [BW]

1830.05.04 = de Riviere, Jules born in Nantes, France. Elo: 2450. E [BW]

1830.05.04 = Riviere born. Strongest French player in the 1860s. E [BW]

1830.05.19 = Cook, Eugene born in New York City. 1st American composer of note. E [BW]

1830.05.29 = Edge, Frederick born in London. Journalist. E [BW]

1830.07.14 = Bird, Henry born in Portsea, Hampshire. Leading British amateur player. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1830.08.08 = Cochrane, James died in Cheltenham, England. Wrote a book on the Muzio Gambit in 1829. E [BW]

1830.08.16 = MacDonnell, George b. Dublin. Chess columnist and author. E [BW]

1830.08.18 = Freeborough, Edward born in Hull, England. Author. E [BW]

1831 = Fraser, George born in Scotland. Scottish ch 1898; Fraser Attack. E [BW]

1831 = Lewis chessmen discovered on the isle of Lewis. 67 pieces. Oldest complete set. E [BW]

1831 = PROGRESSIVE LESSONS by W. Lewis published. E [BW]

1831 = Westminster chess club at Huttman's founded by George Walker. E [BW]

1831.11.11 = Fiske, Daniel born in Ellisburg, NY. American editor, writer, and bibliophile. E [BW]

1831.12.27 = Green, Valentine born in Knipton, England. Green var. E [BW]

1832 = Boultbee, William born in England. 1892 Canadian Ch. E [BW]

1832 = Madden writes HISTORICAL REMARKS ON THE CHESSMEN DISCOVERED IN THE ISLE OF LEWIS. E [BW]

1832 = NEW TREATISE ON CHESS by G. Walker published. E [BW]

1832 = Petrov analyses the Petrov's Defense. E [BW]

1832.03.12 = Grimshaw, Walter born in Dewsbury, England. E [BW]

1832.08.07 = Max Lange born in Leipzig. Suggested the Max Lange attack in 1854. E [BW]

1833 = Henry, W.R. born. Pseudonym of William Russ. American archivist. E [BW]

1833 = LINDE; Antonius van der Linde, Dutch chess historian, born. E [BW]

1833 = Mortimer, James born. Chess journalist. E [BW]

1833.01.15 = Paulsen b. Lippe-Detmold, Germany, Master player. E [BW]

1833.02.05 = WATKINSON; John Watkinson born. Founder of the British Chess Magazine. E [BW]

1834 = 1st match of consequence, the La Bourdonnais-McDonnell match. E [BW]

1834 = Labourdonnais wins overall in series of 6 matches against McDonnell. E [BW]

1834 = Mouret, former operator of the Turk, sells the secret to a magazine. (BCM 1977,373); 1st authentic revelation of the Turk. E [BW]

1834 = Start of corr. match between Westminster Club and Cafe de la Regence. E [BW]

1834 = Tennison, Otto born. Tennison gambit. Civil war commander. E [BW]

1835 = Ahlhausen, Carl born in Germany. Librarian of the Berlin Chess Assn. E [BW]

1835 = Gumpel, Charles, builder of mephisto, born in England. E [BW]

1835 = Pratt, Peter died. Chess author. E [BW]

1835 = Staunton chessmen designed by Nathaniel Cook. E [BW]

1835 = Walker starts as editor of chess column in Bell's Life for 38 years. E [BW]

1835. = Congdon, James born in New York. Elected president of the National Chess Association in 1874. E [BW]

1835.01.04 = 1st appearance of G Walker's "Bell's Life in London." E [BW]

1835.01.23 = Fiske, William born in Ellisburg, NY. Chess player, musician, and chess columnist. E [BW]

1835.09.14 = McDonnell d. London of Bright's disease. Greatest Irish player. E [BW]

1836 = 1st chess mag 'Le Palamede,' published in Paris by La Bourdonnais and J Mery. E [BW]

1836 = Kling publishes analysis of R and B vs. R endgame in Le Palamede. E [BW]

1836 = Schwarz, Adolf born. Hungarian-born player. E [BW]

1836 = St Amant beats Walker in match at London CC. E [BW]

1836 = St Amant is the 1st to suggest a time limit to chess. E [BW]

1836 = Staunton on subscription list for collection of MacDonnell's games by Walker. E [BW]

1836.04 = Poe writes a famous article in 'The Southern Literary Messenger' on how the Turk operates. E [BW]

1836.05.14 = Steinitz b. according to Dr Hermann Neustadtl (BCM 1974,76). E [BW]

1836.05.17 = Steinitz b. in Prague. World ch 1886-94. Challenger 1897. E [BW]

1837 = 1st comprehensive survey of openings published by Alexandre in Paris. E [BW]

1837 = Alexandre introduces standard notation and the castling symbol. E [BW]

1837 = Benima, Levi born. Dutch champion in 1881, 1883. E [BW]

1837 = England's 1st chess magazine, THE PHILIDORIAN, founded by Walker. E [BW]

1837 = Kolisch b. Pressburg, Hungary. Chess patron. E [BW]

1837 = Liverpool Chess Club founded. E [BW]

1837 = Mouret, Jacques died. Turk operator. Nephew of Philidor. E [BW]

1837 = Pleides, a group of Berlin players, formed. E [BW]

1837 = Rosenthal, Samuel born. Journalist and chess teacher. E [BW]

1837.01.11 = Holloway, Alfred born in Bristol, England. Holloway Defense. E [BW]

1837.03.24 = Mackenzie b. North Kessock, Scotland. Ger. ch 1887. Scottish ch 1888. E [BW]

1837.04.30 = Gilbert, Ellen (ne Strong) born in Leverett, MA. Corr. player and Queen of Chess. E [BW]

1837.06.22 = Morphy born in New Orleans. E [BW]

1837.11.09 = Maelzel, Schlumberger, and the Turk sailed for Havana. E [BW]

1838 = 1st use of the term grand master in connection with chess. E [BW]

1838 = CHESSBOARD COMPANION by Lewis published. Ran thru 9 editions. E [BW]

1838 = Staunton joins Old Westminster CC. E [BW]

1838 = THE PHILIDORIAN discontinued after 6 issues. E [BW]

1838.01.16 = Brentano, Franz born in Marienburg, Germany. Published analysis on openings. E [BW]

1838.02 = Schlumberger died. St Amant's teacher. The TURK operator. Got yellow fever while in Havana. E [BW]

1838.02.24 = Guretzky-Cornitz, Bernhard born in Berlin. Endgame analyst. E [BW]

1838.03.05 = Winawer b. Warsaw. German ch. 1883. E [BW]

1838.07.21 = Maelzel found dead in berth off Charleston; buried at sea. E [BW]

1838.07.25 = Boren, Per born in Linkoping, Sweden. Boren variation. E [BW]

1838.09.14 = Maelzel's property sold at public auction in Philadelphia. Ohl buys Turk for $400. E [BW]

1838.12.15 = Neumann born in Gleinitz. Strong German master. E [BW]

1839 = 1st chess magazine, Le Palamede, ends. E [BW]

1839 = Budapest Chess Club founded by Josef Szen. E [BW]

1839 = Kieseritsky wins a 100 game match against E. Rousseau at the Cafe de la Regeance. E [BW]

1839 = New York Chess Club formed by James Thompson. E [BW]

1839 = Turk purchased by Dr John Mitchell. E [BW]

1840 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE is 1st successful chess magazine in the English language. E [BW]

1840 = Othodox problem developed as an art form we know today. E [BW]

1840 = Penny postcard for chess led to a boom in postal chess. E [BW]

1840 = Potter, William born. Leading English player of the 1870s. E [BW]

1840 = Staunton beats Popert in London match. E [BW]

1840 = Staunton bought magazine & converted into CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE. E [BW]

1840 = Staunton is Secretary of the Westminster CC. E [BW]

1840.01.04 = Hanham, James born in Woodville, MS. Introduced the Hanham variation in 1889. Major, USA. E [BW]

1840.05 = Staunton began writing a chess column in the NEW COURT GAZETTE. E [BW]

1840.09.16 = Bilguer, Paul died (age 27) in Berlin. A Lt. in the Prussian Army. E [BW]

1840.11 = Turk given to Chinese Museum in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1840.12 = Staunton ends writing a chess column in the NEW COURT GAZETTE. E [BW]

1840.12.13 = Bourdonnais, Louis Charles de la, died in London. E [BW]

1840.12.13 = de Labourdonnais, Louis died in London. E [BW]

1840.12.13 = la Bourdonnais d. London, of dropsy. World class player. E [BW]

1841 = 1st chess association formed, the Yorkshire Chess Association. E [BW]

1841 = 1st chess periodical, CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE, by Staunton. Lasted until 1854. E [BW]

1841 = Tournament first used a a chess term at Leeds. E [BW]

1841 = Walker's NEW TREATISE is 1st popular chess book sold at a low price. E [BW]

1841.01.30 = Loyd born in Philadelphia. Most famous American composer. E [BW]

1841.02.18 = Ascher, Jacob born in Plymouth, England. E [BW]

1841.04.28 = Goring, Carl born in Bruheim, Germany. Goring gambit. E [BW]

1841.09.12 = Delmar, Eugene born in New York City. Elo 2420. Delmar var. E [BW]

1841.11.26 = LEONARD; James Leonard b. NY. Played 8 games blindfolded. E [BW]

1841.12 = St Amant revived Le Palamede, a monthly magazine until 1847. E [BW]

1841.12 = Stanley beats Staunton in a match (BCM 1982,365). E [BW]

1841.12.06 = Gossip, George born in NY. He was last place in many tournaments. Elo: 2310 E [BW]

1841.12.10 = Blackburne, Joseph born in Manchester. Br. ch. 1868, 1914. Ger. ch. 1881. Elo: 2570 E [BW]

1842 = 1st openings analyses on modern lines published. E [BW]

1842 = Anderssen publishes a collection of chess problems. E [BW]

1842 = Chambers, John born in Scotland. E [BW]

1842 = Hoffer, Leopold born in Budapest. Editor of the Chess Monthly. E [BW]

1842 = Rousseau emigrates to the US; defeats B. Oliver and J. Schulten in matches. E [BW]

1842 = Stanley emigrates from London to New York to work in the British Consulate. E [BW]

1842.06.25 = 1st appearance of THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS, oldest chess column. E [BW]

1842.09.07 = Zukertort b. Lublin. World ch challenger in 1886. E [BW]

1843 = 1st edition of Bilguer's 'Handbuch des Schachspiels.' E [BW]

1843 = 1st known photograph of chessplayers. E [BW]

1843 = Benoni 1st played by St Amant against Staunton. Called Staunton def. E [BW]

1843 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE becomes a shilling monthly magazine. E [BW]

1843 = Jaenisch publishes analysis of chess. E [BW]

1843 = Minckwitz, Johannnes born. Chess author. E [BW]

1843 = Sonneborn, William born. E [BW]

1843 = Stanley emigrates to New York. E [BW]

1843 = Staunton Gambit actually played by St Amant against Staunton. E [BW]

1843 = Staunton plays 1 c4, and becomes known as English opening. E [BW]

1843 = WALKER; George Walker founded St George's CC at Hanover Square. E [BW]

1843 = Wilson, Thomas Bright born. Invented 1st chess clock. E [BW]

1843.04.18 = Beechey, Frideswide born. Woman composer. E [BW]

1843.07 = St Amant (+2=1-2) beats Staunton in London and wins 1 guinea. E [BW]

1843.08.01 = Schallopp b. German player and stenographer of the Reichstag. E [BW]

1843.11.14 = 1st use of seconds for Staunton (Wilson,Evans, Worrell) and St Amant. E [BW]

1843.11.14 = Staunton-St Amant match, at Cafe de la Regence, Paris. E [BW]

1843.12.18 = Cordel, Oscar born in Ascherslebben, Germany. Cordel var. E [BW]

1843.12.20 = Staunton defeats St Amant, 11 wins, 6 losses, 4 draws, in Paris match. Wins 100 pounds. E [BW]

1843.12.20 = Staunton's victory over St Amant marks the end of French supremecy. E [BW]

1844 = 1st Boden's mate (mate with 2 Bishops), Horwitz-Popert, Hamburg. E [BW]

1844 = 1st telegraph match played between Washington and Baltimore. E [BW]

1844 = Ghulam Kassim died in India. Ghulam Kassim gambit. Co-author of 1st openings monograph. E [BW]

1844 = Popert, H. died. One of the strongest players of his day. E [BW]

1844 = Rothschild, Albert born. Chess patron. E [BW]

1844 = Stanley beats Schulten twice. E [BW]

1844 = telegraph chess first played between Washington and Baltimore. E [BW]

1844 = Walker's CHESS STUDIES contains 1,020 games from 1780 to 1844. E [BW]

1844.02.24 = Barbier, Georges born in Besancon, France. E [BW]

1845 = 1st 2-dimensional pocket chess set devised by Peter Roget. E [BW]

1845 = Defeat of Paris in a correspondence match ends French supremecy. E [BW]

1845 = Pocket set first designed by Peter Mark Roget (1779-1869). E [BW]

1845 = Stakes - first game for national ch ampionship is Stanley-Rousseau for stakes of $1,000. E [BW]

1845 = The "Indian" problem, published in CPC, starts chess compositions. E [BW]

1845 = WHITE; John White, book collector, born. E [BW]

1845 = Williams becomes editor of the Field column. E [BW]

1845.02 = Staunton writes most influential column in ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS. E [BW]

1845.02.06 = RUDGE; Mary Rudge b. Won 1st international women's tourney, 1897. E [BW]

1845.02.14 = de Vere, Cecil (ne Brown) born in England. Elo: 2450. Winner of 1st British ch, 1866. E [BW]

1845.02.14 = VERE; Cecil de Vere (Valentine Brown), b. Torquay. Br ch 1866, 1868, 1872. E [BW]

1845.03.01 = 1st US chess column in THE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES, NY, by Stanley. E [BW]

1845.04 = 1st chess problem to in the US appears in THE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES. E [BW]

1845.04.09 = Staunton & Kennedy in Gosport play Walker, Buckle, Evans in London by telegraph. E [BW]

1845.04.11 = Berger, Johann born in Graz. Strong player, editor, and author. Elo: 2495 E [BW]

1845.07.08 = Charlick, Henry, 1st Australian chess champion (1887), born in London. E [BW]

1845.11.10 = Fleissig, Max born in Csenger, Hungary. Fleissig Gambit. E [BW]

1845.12.01 = Stanley wins, 15 wins, 8 losses, 8 draws. (BCM 1982,365) E [BW]

1845.12.01 = Stanley-Rousseau match was 1st organized chess event in the US. E [BW]

1845.12.01 = US Ch held at the Sazerac Coffee House, New Orleans between Stanley and Rouseau. E [BW]

1845.12.01 = US Ch was $1000 winner take all. First to win 15 games, draws not counting. E [BW]

1846 = 1st German magazine, published; oldest chess mag still in existence. E [BW]

1846 = 1st time chess notation with figurines appeared. E [BW]

1846 = Anderssen joins the editorial staff of SCHACHZEITUNG chess magazine. E [BW]

1846 = CHESS PALLADIUM, an American chess monthly, come out. E [BW]

1846 = Kieseritzky defeated Horwitz (+7=1-4) at London. E [BW]

1846 = SARRATT; Mrs. Sarratt gave chess lessons to the aristocracy in Paris. E [BW]

1846 = Schulten beats Stanley. E [BW]

1846 = Stanley publishes 31 GAMES OF CHESS, 1st US book on a chess match. E [BW]

1846 = Stanley writes 31 Games at Chess, the rarest of US chess books; 1st match book in US. E [BW]

1846 = THE BEAUTIES OF CHESS published. 1st large compilation of problems. E [BW]

1846 n. Chr. Deutsche Schachzeitung in Leipzig. [GH]

1846.01.23 = Clemenz, Hermann born in Tartu, Estonia. Clemenz Opening. E [BW]

1846.05.30 = Wisker born. 1st to win British ch twice in succession. E [BW]

1846.08.06 = Bledow, Ludwig founder of the Pleiades, died in Berlin. E [BW]

1846.10 = 1st US chess journal, AMERICAN CHESS MAGAZINE, founded C. Stanley. E [BW]

1846.10 = 2nd chess mag, CHESS PALLADIUM & MATHEMATICAL SPHINX, by Marache & Wilson (BCM 1982,365) E [BW]

1847 = Saavedra b. Seville. Discovered the Saavedra move. E [BW]

1847 = Several womens' chess clubs formed in the Netherlands. E [BW]

1847 = Simpson's, room at 101 The Stroud, London, famous for chess. E [BW]

1847 = Stanley challenges any player except Staunton to a match. E [BW]

1847 = Staunton 1st plays the Staunton Gambit against Horwitz. E [BW]

1847.07 = CHESS PLAYER'S HANDBOOK by Staunton published in Bohn's Scientific Library series. E [BW]

1847.09 = Last issue of AMERICAN CHESS MAGAZINE by Stanley. E [BW]

1847.10.27 = Deschapelles died in Paris. Gifted French player. French soldier. E [BW]

1847.12 = Last issue of Le Palamede monthly chess magazine. E [BW]

1847.12.25 = Shinkman born in Bohemia. The Wizard of Grand Rapids. E [BW]

1848 = 1st chess column in a mowmen's magazine appeared in the Ladies Newspaper, London. E [BW]

1848 = 1st chess set and board for the blind made, by W. Wood. E [BW]

1848 = Hamppe of Vienna analyses the Vienna opening. E [BW]

1848 = Stanley edits a chess column in THE ALBION (1848-56). E [BW]

1848.09.14 = Albin, Adolf born in Bucharest. Austrian theortician, chess writer & journalist. E [BW]

1848.10.14 = 1st chess column in the US, in THE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES, ends. E [BW]

1848.11.02 = Stanley starts chess column in the Albion. E [BW]

1848.12.31 = Burn, Amos born in Hull, England. German ch 1898. Elo: 2530 E [BW]

1849 = 1st time the word tournament applied to a real tournament - England. E [BW]

1849 = CHESS EUCLID published by Kling, containing over 200 problems. E [BW]

1849 = CHESS PLAYER'S COMPANION by Staunton published in 1849. E [BW]

1849 = Kieseritzky edited LA REGENCE until 1851. Used an obscure notation. E [BW]

1849 = Max Lange originally analyses the Kieseritzky Attack. E [BW]

1849.01 = Buckle wins Ries Divan (London) knockout. 1st modern chess tourney. E [BW]

1849.03 = COOKE; Nathaniel Cooke register's his chess design (Staunton design). E [BW]

1849.08.29 = MILLS; Daniel Mills b. Stroud. Scottish ch 9 times. Br amateur ch 1890. E [BW]

1849.09 = Staunton recommends Cooke's chess pieces in ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS. E [BW]

1849.11.19 = MASON; James Mason b. Kilkenny, Ireland. Chess master and author. E [BW]

1849.12.15 = Brede, Ferdinand died in Altona, Germany. Problemist. E [BW]

1849.12.29 = Lowenthal arrives in NY. Politcal refugee. E [BW]

1850 = Alexandre, Aaron died in London. Chess author and teacher. E [BW]

1850 = Chatard, Eugene born in France. Chatard var. E [BW]

1850 = Cook, William born in Bristol, England. Wrote opening book. Cook var. E [BW]

1850 = Lowenthal establishes a cigar divan for chess players on Cincinnati. E [BW]

1850 = Staunton sold CHESS PLAYERS CHRONICLE. E [BW]

1850 = Taubenhaus, Jean born. Operated Mephisto. E [BW]

1850.02.11 = The "Great Match" between Stanley and J. Turner begins in Washington, D.C. E [BW]

1850.02.14 = Stanley defeats Turner, 11 wins, 5 losses, 1 draw. E [BW]

1850.02.22 = Rice b. in Germany. American industrialist and chess patron. E [BW]

1850.05.04 = Schiffers born. Known as Russia's Chess Teacher. E [BW]

1850.10.14 = Hanstein, Wilhelm died in Magdeburg. Magazine founder. Hanstein Gambit. Elo: 2480. E [BW]

1850.11.12 = Chigorin, Mikhail born in St Petersburg. Elo: 2600. E [BW]

1850.11.12 = Tchigorin born near St. Petersburg. Russian ch 1899, 1901, 1903. E [BW]

1851 / 1843 - London Turnier / Schachkampf Staunton-Amant. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer 240 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1851 = Anderssen, A. is world chess ch; A. Anderson is world checker ch. E [BW]

1851 = Boden introduces the Boden-Kieseritzky Gambit. E [BW]

1851 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE published. E [BW]

1851 = CHESS STUDIES, (208 studies) by Kling and Horwitz published. E [BW]

1851 = Hunt, Joseph born in Canada. Hunt opening. E [BW]

1851 = Lowenthal becomes Secretary of the St. George Chess Club. E [BW]

1851 = Scheve, Theodor von born. German player. E [BW]

1851 = The Immortal Game, Anderssen-Kieseritzky, played in the Divan. E [BW]

1851 n. Chr. A. Anderssen gewann das erste internationale Schachturnier in London. [GH]

1851.01.31 = Butrimov, Ivan died in St Petersburg. Published 1st Russian chess book in 1821, E [BW]

1851.03.21 = Brodsky, Adolf born in Taganrog, Russia. Brodsky variation. E [BW]

1851.04.14 = Crane, William born in Castle Hill, Australia. Australian ch 1888, 1897. E [BW]

1851.05.07 = Opening day of the 1st ever international tournament, London. E [BW]

1851.07.09 = Englisch, Berthold born in Holtzenplatz, Austria. German ch 1879. Elo: 2520. E [BW]

1851.07.15 = End of 1st international tournament began in London, organized by Staunton. E [BW]

1851.07.28 = All-play-all tournament, first was London International on this day. E [BW]

1851.08 = Anderssen wins the London International. Only 1 prize, a silver cup. E [BW]

1851.08 = THE CHESS PLAYER, weekly magazine, edited by Kling & Horwitz. E [BW]

1851.12.27 = JUDD; Max Judd born. US Open winner in 1903. Was US consul in Vienna. E [BW]

1852 = Horwitz appointed chess professional in Kling's coffee house. E [BW]

1852 = Lichtenhein emigrates to the US; was a Prussian officer. E [BW]

1852 = QUEVEDO; Leonardo Quevedo born. Inventor of the 1st chess playing machine. E [BW]

1852 = THE CHESS TOURNAMENT, London 1851, published by Staunton. E [BW]

1852 = time limit of 20 minutes per move introduced in Harrwitz-Lowenthal. E [BW]

1852 = WILLIAMS; Elijah Williams publishes book about The Divan. 150 games included. E [BW]

1852 = Wittek, Alexander born. Austrian player, architect. E [BW]

1852.11.09 = Gelbfuhs, Oscar born in Sternberg, Czechoslovakia. Tie-breaking method. E [BW]

1852.12.26 = Babson, Joseph born in Pigeon Cove, MA. Chess composer. E [BW]

1853 = 1st game played using signals at sea between ships. E [BW]

1853 = Evergreen game between Anderssen and Dufresne played. E [BW]

1853 = Fleissig, Bernhard born in Hungary. Fleissig var. E [BW]

1853 = Vezin, Charles died. One of the best players in the country. E [BW]

1853.01 = Dufresne wins the 1st berlin tournament. E [BW]

1853.01 = Williams edited a chess column in THE FIELD. E [BW]

1853.05.18 = Kieseritzky died. Committed to a mental home in Paris. E [BW]

1853.08.02 = Hall, John born in Bradford, England. Hall var. E [BW]

1853.09 = Staunton plays several players in Belgium. E [BW]

1854 = 1st problem-solving chess contest, held in London, won by Grimshaw. E [BW]

1854 = Cleland, Robert born in New Zealand. Won the 12th NZ Ch in 1899. E [BW]

1854 = Danish Gambit 1st analyzed in a German chess magazine. E [BW]

1854 = Fyfe, Peter born in Scotland. Fyfe gambit. E [BW]

1854 = Helpmate invented by Max Lange. E [BW]

1854 = Lowenthal writes a chess column for THE ERA magazine for 13 years. E [BW]

1854 = Staunton sold the CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE to R. B. Brien. E [BW]

1854 = The Max Lange attack analysed by Max Lange. E [BW]

1854 = Uedemann, Louis born. E [BW]

1854 = Williams, E. died of cholera in London. Editor of the Field column. E [BW]

1854.05.16 = Forsyth, David born in Alness, Scotland. New Zealand ch 1901. Invented notation. E [BW]

1854.06.13 = Gledhill, Walter born in Leeds, England. Gledhill Attack. E [BW]

1854.07.04 = Branch, William born in Hastings. Chess historian. E [BW]

1854.07.05 = Turk destroyed by fire in a Chinese Museum in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1854.07.21 = Gattie, Walter born in London. Won 1st Br. Amateur Ch 1886. E [BW]

1854.11.02 = Gunsberg, Isidor born in Budapest. German ch 1885. World Challenger 1891. Elo: 2560. E [BW]

1855 = 1st Black American chessplayer, T. Thompson, born. E [BW]

1855 = 1st world problem tournament, organized by Charles Stanley. E [BW]

1855 = Cavallotti, Mattia born in Milan. Cavallotti Countergambit. E [BW]

1855 = Gauss died. Chessplayer. Solved 8 queens problem. E [BW]

1855 = Only ancient chessmen of conventional shape discovered in India. E [BW]

1855 = The Chess Association, founded in Britain by George William. E [BW]

1855.02.14 = Grundy, James born in Manchester, England. E [BW]

1855.04.18 = ROWLAND; Frideswide Beechey Rowland b. 1st woman to win a prize for chess problems & chess column. E [BW]

1856 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE ends because of financial loss. E [BW]

1856 = Guest, Antony born in Staines, England. Br. amateur ch 1888. E [BW]

1856.01.02 = Falkbeer wins London knock-out, McDonnell chess club. E [BW]

1856.03.15 = Last chess column in the Albion, by Stanley. E [BW]

1856.03.28 = 1st game by telegraph between clubs, Liverpool vs Manchester. E [BW]

1856.07.06 = The Immortal Problem composed by Conrad Bayer. E [BW]

1856.08.11 = Bachmann, Ludwig born in Kulmbach, Germany. The Chess Herodotus. Chronicler of chess. E [BW]

1856.09.09 = Hruby, Vincenz born in Krivsoudov, Czechoslovakia. Elo: 2480 E [BW]

1856.11.19 = Alapin, Simon born in Vilnius. =1st at St. Petersburg 1878. E [BW]

1857 - The 1th Congress: New York. Q Fiske 563 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1857 = 1st demonstration board, designed by Lowenthal. E [BW]

1857 = 1st national body in Great Britain, The Chess Association, formed. E [BW]

1857 = Buckle publishes HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION E [BW]

1857 = Edwards, Joseph born in New Zealand. NZ Ch 1894. E [BW]

1857 = Fiske edits CHESS MONTHLY (1857-1860) (co-edited by Morphy). E [BW]

1857 = Fiske wrote the dance tunes 'Chess Polka'. E [BW]

1857 = Horwitz appointed professional at the Manchester Chess Club. E [BW]

1857 = Mitchell, previous owner of the Turk, writes article on how it operates. E [BW]

1857 = Weis, Max born. E [BW]

1857.01 = Montgomery and D. Fiske propose a National Chess Congress. E [BW]

1857.01.01 = 1st u.s. chess magazine, AMERICAN CHESS MONTHLY, published. E [BW]

1857.01.13 = Szen died in Hungary. Founded Budapest Chess Club. E [BW]

1857.01.15 = Fritz, Alexander born in Kirchlotheim, Germany. Elo: 2350. Fritz var. E [BW]

1857.04.10 = Dudeney, Henry born in Mayfield, England. England's king of puzzle makers. E [BW]

1857.06.11 = Narraway, James born. Canadian ch 1893, 1897, 1898. E [BW]

1857.08.11 = Lowenthal wins Manchester knockout ahead of Anderssen. E [BW]

1857.10 = Paulsen played 4 blindfold games simultaneously in NY. E [BW]

1857.10.06 = 1st American Chess Congress is 1st true tournament in the New World. E [BW]

1857.10.06 = 1st American Chess Congress opens - New York, won by Morphy. E [BW]

1857.11.10 = 1st American Chess congress won by Morphy (16 players) E [BW]

1857.12 = Stanley's daughter born. Named Pauline after Morphy. E [BW]

1858 = Boston Chess Club founded. E [BW]

1858 = Fiske edits chess column in the NY SATURDAY PRESS (1858-1860). E [BW]

1858 = Frere's CHESS HANDBOOK published. Describes 4-handed chess. E [BW]

1858 = HOUDIN; Robert-Houdin write chapter in his magic book about Automata. E [BW]

1858 = Morphy plays the Duke of Brunswick & a Count at the Paris Opera. E [BW]

1858 = Paulsen is 1st Us opening theoritician; 1st to analyze Goring Gambit. E [BW]

1858 = THE LIFE OF PHILIDOR published by George Allen. E [BW]

1858.06.09 = Morphy sails from NY on board the S.S. Arabia. E [BW]

1858.06.21 = Morphy 1st landed in England (Liverpool). E [BW]

1858.08.27 = Lowenthal wins BCA Congress knockout, Birmingham. E [BW]

1859 = 1st Russian magazine, SHAKHMATNY LISTOK, published. E [BW]

1859 = Allen, George reveals how Turk operates, in Book of 1st American Chess Congress. E [BW]

1859 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE reappears by Kolisch, Zytogorski, Kling. E [BW]

1859 = Fiske writes BOOK OF THE 1st AMERICAN CHESS CONGRESS, NY. E [BW]

1859 = Lowenthal begins chess editor of the Illustrated News for 17 years. E [BW]

1859 = MOEHLE; Charles Moehle born. Operated Ajeeb in the United States. E [BW]

1859 = Paulsen played 15 players blindfold. E [BW]

1859 = Problem published that has 47 ways to mate in one - a record. E [BW]

1859 = Stanley publishes MORPHY'S MATCH GAMES. E [BW]

1859 = Stanley publishes THE CHESS PLAYER'S INSTRUCTOR. E [BW]

1859 = Vienna tournament: Hamppe 1st, Jenay 2nd, Steinitz 3rd. E [BW]

1859.01.04 = Morphy defeats Karl Anderssen in Paris. E [BW]

1859.02.03 = Blake, Joseph born in Farnborough. Br. ch. 1909; Br. corr. ch. 1922. E [BW]

1859.02.06 = Cohn, Wilhelm born in Berlin. Elo: 2450. Professional player. E [BW]

1859.02.22 = Baird (Winter Wood), Edith born in Brixton, England. Composed over 2,000 problems. E [BW]

1859.04.12 = 1st day of the match Morphy v Anderssen, Hotel Breuteuil, Paris: Morphy won (7 wins, 2 losses, 2 draws) E [BW]

1859.04.20 = Morphy played 8 blindfold simul games at St George's CC, London. Won 5, drew 3. E [BW]

1859.04.26 = Morphy plays 5 masters simultaneously at St James CC, London. E [BW]

1859.12 = Morphy gives up serious chess. E [BW]

1860 = 1st chess book written by a woman, ABCs of Chess by Cooke (BCM 1981,402) E [BW]

1860 = 1st helpmate by Loyd. Black moves first. E [BW]

1860 = Boden's mate, mate by 2 Bishops, played by Boden in London. E [BW]

1860 = Code of rules published by Staunton in his CHESS PRAXIS. E [BW]

1860 = Hamppe wins Vienna tournament, Steinitz 2nd. E [BW]

1860 = HISTORY OF CHESS published by D. Forbes. History of Oriental chess. E [BW]

1860 = Lowenthal writes MORPHY'S GAMES OF CHESS with Morphy's assistance. E [BW]

1860 = Makovetz, Gyula born. Edited Hungary's first chess magazine. E [BW]

1860 = Stanley edits a chess column in the MANCHESTER WEEKLY (1860-62). E [BW]

1860 = Staunton publishes CHESS PRAXIS, his 4th and final book in Bohn's series. E [BW]

1860.02.05 = Showalter b. in Minerva, Kentucky. US ch 1888,'90,'91,'95, 1906. E [BW]

1860.02.05 = Showalter developed baseball's curve ball. E [BW]

1860.06.20 = Shipley born. E [BW]

1860.08.11 = Blathy, Otto born in Tata, Hungary. Created longest chess problem, 290 moves. E [BW]

1860.08.28 = Kolisch wins Cambridge knock-out. E [BW]

1861 = 1st game played by means of underwater cable, Liverpool-Dublin. E [BW]

1861 = 1st match with timed moves (by sandglass: 24/2), Anderssen-Kolisch. E [BW]

1861 = MacKenzie resigns his Army commission to become chess pro. E [BW]

1861 = Steinitz wins Vienna tournament. E [BW]

1861 = The Chess Association renamed to British Chess Association (BCA). E [BW]

1861.03.04 = Bardeleben, Curt born in Berlin. German champion 1893, 1904. Elo: 2510 E [BW]

1861.06.01 = Stanley wins Leeds knockout. E [BW]

1861.06.30 = Bauer, Johann born in Prague. Strong Viennese master. Elo: 2460 E [BW]

1861.07.21 = Hodges, Albert born in Nashville. Operated Ajeeb. Won US ch 1894. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1861.09.14 = Paulsen wins Bristol knockout. E [BW]

1861.09.22 = 1st West German Chess Congress, Dusseldorf, won by Vitzthum. E [BW]

1861.10.06 = 1st day of the 1st American Chess Congress, at New York. E [BW]

1861.10.26 = Telegraph match between Liverpool CC and Dublin CC. E [BW]

1862 = 1st study-composing tournament, orgnized by Lowenthal,won by Horwitz. E [BW]

1862 = Analysis of From's gambit 1st appears in SCHACHZEITUNG. E [BW]

1862 = British Chess Association formed. E [BW]

1862 = Mackenzie wins a handicap tournament in London, defeating Anderssen. E [BW]

1862.03.05 = Tarrasch b. Breslau. German ch 1889, 1892, 1894. Challenger 1908. E [BW]

1862.05.29 = Buckle, Henry died in Damascus of typhoid fever. Historian and leading British player. Read 12 languages. Elo: 2480 E [BW]

1862.06.01 = 1st Round Robin pairings, London 1862. E [BW]

1862.06.01 = 1st time hourglasses were used as clocks (2 hours/20 moves) - London. E [BW]

1862.06.01 = Lowenthal organizes world's 2nd international tournament, London. E [BW]

1862.06.16 = Anderssen wins London International, 1st Round Robin. E [BW]

1862.07.05 = Caro, Horatio born in Newcastle, England. Published analysis of the Caro-Kann in 1886. Elo: 2470. E [BW]

1862.08 = CHESS PLAYER'S CHRONICLE chess magazine ceases publication. E [BW]

1862.09.07 = 2nd West German Chess Congress, Dusseldorf, won by Max Lange. E [BW]

1862.09.26 = LEONARD; James Leonard died in the Civil War. Strong American master. E [BW]

1862.10.16 = Gottschall, Hermann born in Posen, Poland. Elo: 2400 Author and editor. E [BW]

1862.10.24 = Salwe b. Warsaw. Strong Polish player. 4th Russian ch 1906. E [BW]

1862.12.16 = Hume, George born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Problemist and collector. E [BW]

1863 = Allen, George writes LIFE OF PHILIDOR, Philadelphia E [BW]

1863 = Basterot writes TRAITE ELEMENTAIRE DU JEU DES ECHECS, Paris. E [BW]

1863 = Mackenzie arrives in America to fight on the Union side. E [BW]

1863 = POPIEL; Ignacy Popiel born. Analyzed the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit. E [BW]

1863.01 = 1st issue of THE CHESS PLAYER'S MAGAZINE, by Falkbeer and Lowenthal. E [BW]

1863.07.04 = Lipschutz b. Ungvar. US ch 1892 by defeating Showalter. E [BW]

1863.08.31 = 3rd West German Chess Congress, Dusseldorf, won by Max Lange. E [BW]

1863.11.17 = Brown, John died in Bridport, England of tuberculosis. Problemist. E [BW]

1863.11.29 = Marco born in Czernowitz. Chess journalist. E [BW]

1864 = Gay writes BIBLIOGRAPHIE ANECDOTIQUE DU JEU DES ESCHECS, Paris E [BW]

1864 = Georgetown, British Guiana chess club founded. E [BW]

1864 = NEUE BERLINER SCHACHZEITUNG (1964-67) edited by Anderssen & Neumann. E [BW]

1864.08.29 = 4th West German Chess Congress, Dusseldorf, won by Max Lange. E [BW]

1864.11.11 = d'Orville, Pierre died in Regensburg, Germany. Problemist. E [BW]

1865 = Anderssen get honorary doctorate at Breslau University for his chess. E [BW]

1865 = Counties' Chess Association (CCA) founded. E [BW]

1865 = Hooper builds copy of Turk, names it Ajeeb. E [BW]

1865 = Kelling, F.K. born in New Zealand. Grand old man of New Zealand chess. E [BW]

1865 = Rynd wins 1st Irish Ch in Dublin. E [BW]

1865 = Staunton publishes Great Schools of England. E [BW]

1865.02.27 = Mieses born. Longest career of any master, 60 years (1888-1948). E [BW]

1865.03 = 1st issue of THE CHESS WORLD monthly magazine, edited by Staunton. E [BW]

1865.08.29 = German Congress, Berlin, won by Neumann (34/34). 1st 100% score. E [BW]

1865.09.15 = 1st Counties Chess Association, Redcar, won by Skipworth. E [BW]

1865.09.26 = Steinitz wins in Dublin. E [BW]

1866 = 1st match with mechanical clocks, Anderssen-Steinitz. E [BW]

1866 = Henry, W.R. died. Pseudonym of William Russ. American archivist. E [BW]

1866 = Mackenzie defeats G. Reichhelm for the US title (5 wins, 1 draw) E [BW]

1866 n. Chr. W. Steinitz siegte über A. Anderssen (erste inoffizielle Weltmeisterschaft). [GH]

1866.01.17 = Traxler born in Czechoslovakia. Introduced Traxler var. 1890. E [BW]

1866.02.21 = Hutton, George born in Cranshaws, England. Introduced pairing for team events. E [BW]

1866.03.14 = Troitzky b. in St. Petersburg. E [BW]

1866.03.18 = Heyde, Albert born in Braunschweig, Germany. Editor. Heyde var. E [BW]

1866.06.20 = 1st British Ch. London, won be de Vere. Won 28 guineas. E [BW]

1866.06.20 = Steinitz wins London knockout. E [BW]

1866.06.21 = Atkinson, Walter born in Hull. Introduced the Atkinson variation. E [BW]

1866.08.10 = Steinitz defeats Anderssen, 8-6, to become recognized world ch. E [BW]

1866.08.11 = 2nd Counties Chess Association, Redcar, won by De Vere. E [BW]

1866.08.30 = Burille, Constant Ferdinand born in Boston. Operated Ajeeb in the United States. E [BW]

1867 = 1st issue of LA STRATEGIE, French chess magazine. Ended in 1940. Edited by Preti. E [BW]

1867 = Danish gambit introduced generally by von der Lasa. E [BW]

1867.04.22 = Petrov died in Warsaw. 1st strong Russian player. E [BW]

1867.06.04 = Kolisch wins Paris tournament. Presented a vase by Napoleon. E [BW]

1867.06.12 = Hamilton-Russell, Frederick born in England. President of BCF. E [BW]

1867.06.24 = 1st time mechanical clocks used, in Paris. E [BW]

1867.09.01 = 1st time draws count as 1/2 point - Dundee international. E [BW]

1867.09.14 = Dundee International, won by Neumann, and Fraser & Steinitz. E [BW]

1867.10 = Last issue of the CHESS PLAYERS'MONTHLY, edited by Lowenthal. E [BW]

1867.10.27 = Behting (Betins), Karl born in Berzmuiza, Russia. Behting variation. E [BW]

1868 = Ajeeb created by Hooper & exhibited at Royal Polytechnical Institute. E [BW]

1868 = TRANSACTIONS OF THE BRITISH CHESS ASSOCIATION published. E [BW]

1868 = Winawer wins in Warsaw. E [BW]

1868.01.14 = Bettmann, Henry born in Cincinnati. Chess problemist. E [BW]

1868.05.31 = 1st Northern German Chess Fed, Hamburg, won by Max Lange. E [BW]

1868.06.07 = Janowsi b. Woldowysk. German ch 1902. World challenger 1910. E [BW]

1868.06.24 = Murray b. Camberwell. Author of HISTORY OF CHESS. (BCM 1974,240) E [BW]

1868.08.17 = Forbes, Duncan died in London. Wrote history of chess. E [BW]

1868.11.23 = 2nd British Ch, London, won by Blackburne. E [BW]

1868.12.24 = Lasker, Emanuel b. in Berlinchen in Brandenburg. World ch 1894-1921. E [BW]

1868.12.24 = Teichmann b. in Altenburg. German master. E [BW]

1869 = 1st documented proposal for tie-breaks, by Zborzek of Prague. E [BW]

1869.01 = Longest master tourney, NY. 48 players. Mackenzie won (+82 -8). E [BW]

1869.03 = Last issue of Staunton's, THE CHESS WORLD. E [BW]

1869.07.24 = 2nd North German Federation, Anderssen 1st. E [BW]

1870 = 1st correspondence chess club founded in England. E [BW]

1870 = Rousseau, Eugene died. French player. E [BW]

1870.01.05 = Helms, Hermann born in Brooklyn. IA 1954. Dean of American chess. E [BW]

1870.01.10 = Rinck born in France. Leading endgame composer (2,000). E [BW]

1870.03.03 = Maroczy, Geza born in Szeged. Hungarian ch 1932. GM 1950 E [BW]

1870.05.15 = Bryan, Thomas died aboard ship in the Atlantic. Bryan variation. E [BW]

1870.07.16 = 1st chess clocks used - Baden-Baden E [BW]

1870.07.18 = Anderssen wins at Baden-Baden, ahead of Steintiz and Blackburne. E [BW]

1870.07.20 = Heathcote, Godfrey born in Manchester. Composer. E [BW]

1870.08.22 = Lewis, William died. Chess theoretician, teacher, & author. E [BW]

1870.09.24 = Berger won the 1st tournament in the Austro-Hungarina empire, Graz. E [BW]

1870.10.10 = 3rd British Championship, London, Wisker 1st (tb) and Burn. E [BW]

1870.11.09 = 1st interstate match by telegraphy in Australia, Victoria vs N.S. Wales. E [BW]

1870.12.16 = Finn, Kate born in England. 1st British women's ch 1904. Won again in 1905. E [BW]

1871 / 1874 / 1876 - The 2th Congress: Cleveland / Chicago / Phil. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer 420 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1871 / 1876 / 1877 – Crefeld / Düsseldorf / Köln / Frankfurt a. M. Q. Minckwitz 176 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1871 = 1st county match in England, Yorkshire-Lancashire. E [BW]

1871 = 1st round robin tournament introduced in the US. E [BW]

1871 = Benedict, Clare born in America. Chess patron. Granddaughter of Fenimore Cooper. E [BW]

1871.02.10 = Agnel, Yhacinth died in West Point, NY. Author. E [BW]

1871.02.22 = Englund, Fritz born in Vastervik, Sweden. Englund Gambit. E [BW]

1871.11.28 = Walbrodt b. Amsterdam. German co-champion 1893 with Bardeleben. E [BW]

1871.12.04 = Start of the 2nd American Chess Congress. E [BW]

1871.12.15 = 2nd American Chess Congress was $100 1st prize. Total prize $290. E [BW]

1871.12.15 = 2nd American Chess Congress, Cleveland, Mackenzie 1st. (9 players) E [BW]

1872 = Canadian Chess Association founded. E [BW]

1872 = Carroll writes THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS AND WHAT ALICE FOUND THERE. E [BW]

1872 = Papers presented to Berlin Royal Academy of Science on chess history. E [BW]

1872 = PRICE; Edith Price b. London. British ch 5 times. Challenger 1927, 1933. E [BW]

1872 = SCHACHZEITUNG DER BERLINER renamed to DEUTSCH SCHACHZEITUNG. E [BW]

1872 = Schliemann died. E [BW]

1872 = Steinitz defeats Zukertort in match. E [BW]

1872.01 = Ware named president of the American Chess Foundation. E [BW]

1872.01.15 = Grimm, Vincent died in Budapest. Grimm Attack. E [BW]

1872.01.27 = Sergeant born. E [BW]

1872.03.17 = Jaenisch died. Leading Russian theoretician and chess author. E [BW]

1872.07.02 = Start of the 4th British Ch in London. E [BW]

1872.07.14 = 2nd British Chess Association, London, Steinitz 1st. E [BW]

1872.07.14 = Wisker 1st to win British Championship twice in succession; London. E [BW]

1872.07.22 = Griffith, Richard born in London. British ch 1912. Co-author of MCO. E [BW]

1872.08.03 = Evans, William died in Ostend, Belgium. E [BW]

1872.08.17 = Calvi, Iganzio died in Modena, Italy. Italian player and composer. E [BW]

1872.08.20 = Atkins, Henry born in Leicester, England. Won Br ch 9 times, 7 times in a row. IM 1950; Elo: 2540 E [BW]

1872.10.29 = Saint-Amant d. at Hydra, Algeria after being thrown from carriage. (Age 73) E [BW]

1872.12.05 = Pillsbury b. Somerville, MA. US ch 1897, 1898. Ger. ch. 1900. E [BW]

1873 - Wiener internationaler Schachkongreß. Q Lehner / Schwede 256 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1873 = 1st Netherlands Chess Federation, Gifford 1st at The Hague. E [BW]

1873 = Bird introduces Bird's Opening against Wisker. E [BW]

1873 = Blackburne gets the nickname 'Black Death' after playing in Vienna. E [BW]

1873 = Creevey, James born in Ireland. E [BW]

1873 = Walker ends his chess column in Bell's Life after 38 years. E [BW]

1873.03.28 = 1st Oxford-Cambridge chess match. E [BW]

1873.05.16 = 1st Canadian Championship, Toronto. Ensor 1st. E [BW]

1873.05.23 = Dutch Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1873.06.24 = Corzo y Principe, Juan born in Madrid. Cuban ch 1902. E [BW]

1873.08 = 1st tie-breaking system, Sonnenborn-Berger, used by Gelbfuhs, Vienna. E [BW]

1873.09.19 = Charousek, Rudolf born in Prague. Elo: 2570 E [BW]

1873.10.17 = Guretzky-Cornitz, Bernhard died in Berlin. Endgame analyst. E [BW]

1873.12.06 = Blake, Percy born in Manchester, England. Problemist. E [BW]

1873.12.12 = Barry, John born in Boston. E [BW]

1873.12.14 = Chajes, Oscar born in Brody, Russia. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1874 = Brooklyn Chess Club Ch, Delmar 1st. E [BW]

1874 = City of London Chess Magazine published by Potter. E [BW]

1874 = DeLelie wins 2nd Netherland Ch in Amsterdam. E [BW]

1874 = Gossip publishes THE CHESS-PLAYERS'S MANUAL, a 900 page opening book. E [BW]

1874 = Hicks wins 2nd Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1874.03.02 = Schlecter b. Vienna. Ger. ch. 1900, 1904, 1910. Challenger 1910. E [BW]

1874.05.14 = Sotheby's holds important chess book auction (BCM 1974,171) E [BW]

1874.06.22 = Staunton died in his library chair, London, of a heart attack. E [BW]

1874.07 = American Chess Association transformed into National Chess Association. E [BW]

1874.07.07 = Start of the 3rd American Chess Congress. E [BW]

1874.07.16 = 3rd American Chess Congress had $450 in prizes; players had to pay $20 EF. E [BW]

1874.07.16 = 3rd American Chess Congress, Chicago, Mackenzie 1st. (8 players) E [BW]

1874.08.20 = Barnes, Thomas reduced his weight by 130 pounds in 10 months and died. E [BW]

1874.10.01 = Fahrni, Hans born in Prague. Elo: 2480. 1st to play 100 simultaneously, 1911. E [BW]

1874.12 = Van der Linde publishes his 1st book on history of chess. E [BW]

1875 = Bartmanski, Henryk born in Poland. Bartmanski variation E [BW]

1875 = Gifford wins 3rd Netherlands Ch in Rotterdam. E [BW]

1875 = Hoessler, Anton born. Inventor of the Ingo rating system. E [BW]

1875 = Jackson wins 3rd Canadian ch in Ottawa. E [BW]

1875 = LEOPOLD; Prince Leopold, later Duke of Albany, President of Oxford U CC. E [BW]

1875 = NEWHAM; Samuel Newham, England's leading provincial player, died. E [BW]

1875 = WOLF; Heinrich Wolf, Austrian master, born. E [BW]

1875.02.09 = de Vere, Cecil (ne Brown) died in Torquay, England. Elo: 2450. Winner of 1st Britich ch, 1866. E [BW]

1875.02.09 = VERE; Cecil de Vere died of tuberculosis (age 29). 1st British champion. E [BW]

1875.04.26 = 1st Italian ch, Rome, Seni 1st. E [BW]

1876 = 1st Russian chess magazine, published by Tchigorin. E [BW]

1876 = brilliancy prize, first. Tournament in NY. E [BW]

1876 = CHESS THEORY AND PRACTICE published by Wormald (and Staunton). E [BW]

1876 = Kling, pioneer endgame analyst, died. E [BW]

1876 = Mephisto 1st exhibited at Westminster Aquarium in London. E [BW]

1876 = Pauly, Wolfgang born. Greatest problemist of Romania. E [BW]

1876 = Royal Library in The Hague buys the Van Der Linde collection. E [BW]

1876 = Sanderson wins 4th Canadian Ch in Hamilton. E [BW]

1876 = Vogel wins 4th Netherlands Ch in Gouda. E [BW]

1876.03.27 = London (cigar divan), Blackburne 1st. E [BW]

1876.05.17 = Hamppe, Carl died in Gersau, Switzerland. Elo: 2410. Hamppe opening. E [BW]

1876.05.28 = Allen, George died in Worcester, MA. E [BW]

1876.05.29 = Holzhausen, Walther born in Opava, Czechoslovakia. Elo: 2410. Holzhausen Attack. E [BW]

1876.07.21 = Lowenthal d. Hastings. Strong British player. E [BW]

1876.08 = New York (Cafe international), Mackenzie 1st. E [BW]

1876.08.17 = Start of the 4th American Chess Congress. 1st to attract foreigh masters. E [BW]

1876.08.31 = 4th American Chess Congress, Philadelphia, Mason 1st (not US citizen) E [BW]

1876.09 = 1st attempt to copyright a chess game. E [BW]

1876.09.01 = 1st brilliancy prize, a silver cup, awarded to Bird over Mason, NY. E [BW]

1876.09.20 = New York (NY Clipper tournament), Mason 1st. E [BW]

1876.11.23 = Heinrichsen, Arved born in Vilnius, Lithuania. Heinrichsen opening. E [BW]

1877 - Leipzig / 1878 - Paris. Q Schallopp 310 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1990

1877 = Cranston, T.G. born in Dublin. Irish ch 1922, 1931. E [BW]

1877 = Daniels wins 5th Netherlands Ch in The Hague. E [BW]

1877 = German National Body formed; Germany becomes leading chess nation. E [BW]

1877 = Heath, Christopher born in London. 1923-4 Scottish Ch. Heath var. E [BW]

1877 = Leonhardt born. E [BW]

1877 = Shinkman invents the 1st mutate of a block position problem E [BW]

1877 n. Chr. Gründung des Deutschen Schachbundes in Leipzig. [GH]

1877.01.31 = Green, Valentine died in London. Green var. E [BW]

1877.08.10 = Marshall b. NY. Ger. ch. 1906, 1908. Challenger 1907. US Ch 1909. E [BW]

1877.09.27 = Gelbfuhs, Oscar died in Tesin, Czechoslovakia. Tie-breaking method. E [BW]

1877.12.01 = 1st meeting of the Manhattan Chess Club (37 people). E [BW]

1878 = 1st appearance of Mephisto by Gumpel. E [BW]

1878 = 1st East German Championship, Konigsberg, Hasford 1st. E [BW]

1878 = 1st time the sealed move introduced, in Paris. E [BW]

1878 = Barasz, Zsigmond born in Hungary. Analysed the Budapest Defense. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1878 = CHESS STRATEGY by Loyd published. Contains 500 of his problems. E [BW]

1878 = Counties' Chess Assn Handicap tournament won by Mephisto (Gunsberg). E [BW]

1878 = London (Lowenthal cup), Wayte 1st. E [BW]

1878 = MacDonnell withdraws from tourney unless Mephisto player identified. E [BW]

1878 = Sprega wins 2nd Italian Ch in Livorno. E [BW]

1878 = Swiderski, Rudolf born. E [BW]

1878 = Van't Kruijs wins 6th Netherlands Ch in Amsterdam. E [BW]

1878 = Worrall, Thomas died. British Commissioner in Mexico. E [BW]

1878.01 = Telephone chess first played. E [BW]

1878.01.25 = 1st documented telephone match, in Derbyshire. Between F. Thompson and J. Cooper. E [BW]

1878.02.15 = 1st New York State Championship, Cox 1st. E [BW]

1878.03.02 = Bernard, Henry born in Devon, England. Problemist. E [BW]

1878.03.02 = Cochrane, John died in London. Scottish player. Founder of the romantic style. E [BW]

1878.06.18 = Paris, Zukertort 1st. E [BW]

1878.08.12 = Duhm, Hans born in Gottingen, Germany. 1901 Switzerland co-champ. E [BW]

1878.10.11 = Colman, Eugene born in Merton, England. Colman var. discovered while POW in Japan. E [BW]

1878.11.20 = Collijn, Ludvig born in Stockholm. Chess patron. President of the Swedish Chess Ass. from 1917 to 1939. E [BW]

1879 / 1881 / 1883 - 1.-2.und 3.Kongreß Leipzig / Berlin / Nürnberg. Q Schallop 704 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1979

1879 = 2nd New York State Championship, Auburn, Richmond 1st. E [BW]

1879 = Chess Monthly published by Zukertort.. Stopped in 1896. E [BW]

1879 = College Chess Club,a women's chess club formed. Disbanded after marriages (BCM 1981,403) E [BW]

1879 = Dupre, C. wins 7th Netherlands Ch in Rotterdam. E [BW]

1879 = Pope wins 7th Canadian Ch in Ottawa. E [BW]

1879.01 = Ascher wins 6th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1879.01.15 = St Petersburg, Tchigorin 1st. E [BW]

1879.03.13 = Anderssen, Adolf died in Breslau from a heart ailment. Elo: 2600 E [BW]

1879.04.02 = Goring, Carl died in Eisenach, Germany. Goring gambit. E [BW]

1879.04.23 = Walker, George died. Chess columnist in London. E [BW]

1879.07.20 = 1st German Chess Federation, Leipzig, Englisch 1st. E [BW]

1879.08 = City of London Chess Club Championship, Bird 1st. E [BW]

1879.08.19 = 1st New Zealand Championship, Christchurch, Hookham 1st. E [BW]

1879.09.26 = Dus-Chotimirsky, Fedor born in Kozel, Russia. IM 1950. E [BW]

1879.11.27 = Hundsdorfer, Wolfgang born in Munich. Problemist. E [BW]

1880 - The 5th Congress: New York. Q Gilberg 540 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1880 = 1st chess club in Russia, organized by Tchigorin. E [BW]

1880 = 1st intercontinental telegraph match. 2 games played between Liverpool and Calcutta. Code by Rutherford. E [BW]

1880 = Andreaschek, Karl born in Czechoslovakia. Gambit named after him. E [BW]

1880 = Bird wins 8th Netherlands Ch in Gouda. E [BW]

1880 = Flamberg, Aleksander born in Warsaw. Elo: 2480. Warsaw ch 1910. E [BW]

1880 = Mackenzie defeats Max Judd of St Louis (+7-5=3). E [BW]

1880 = Paulsen wins strong tournament in Brunswick, Germany. E [BW]

1880 = Perlis, Julius born. Viennese player. E [BW]

1880 = Przepiorka, Dawid born. Polish player. E [BW]

1880 = Van der Linde published his 2nd book on history of chess. E [BW]

1880.01.06 = Start of the 5th American Chess Congress (10 players). E [BW]

1880.01.26 = 5th American Chess Congress was the 1st to have a tie and playoff for an American title. E [BW]

1880.01.26 = 5th American Chess Congress, new york, Mackenzie 1st (tb) and Grundy. E [BW]

1880.02.11 = Durand, Philippe died in Lisieux, France. Wrote 1st book devoted to the practical endgame. E [BW]

1880.03.03 = WHITE; Alain White b. E [BW]

1880.06.21 = 3rd New York ch, Syracuse, Calthrop 1st. E [BW]

1880.07.03 = Barnes, Albert publishes analysis of the Barnes Defense in Canada. E [BW]

1880.09.16 = Carls, Carl born in Varel, Germany. German ch 1934. IM 1951. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1880.11.11 = Collijn, Gustaf born in Stockholm. With his brother, Ludvig, wrote LAROBOK. E [BW]

1880.12.03 = 1st French ch, Paris, Rosenthal 1st. E [BW]

1881 = Blackmar gambit first analysed and published. E [BW]

1881 = Cavalotti introduces the Albin Countergambit against Salvioli, Milan. E [BW]

1881 = KLEINES LEHRBUCH DES SCHACHSPIELS by Dufresne published. E [BW]

1881 = Preti, Jean-Louis died. Chess writer. Started LA STRATEGIE. E [BW]

1881 = Salvioli wins 3rd Italian Ch in Milan. E [BW]

1881 = Shaw wins 8th Canadian Ch in Ottawa. E [BW]

1881 = Van der Linde publishes his 3rd book on history of chess. E [BW]

1881.01.01 = 1st BRITISH CHESS MAGAZINE, oldest mag without a break. Watkinson is editor. E [BW]

1881.01.17 = Napier b. London. Br. ch 1904. Married Pillsbury's niece. E [BW]

1881.02.16 = Neumann died in Allenberg. Suffered from mental illness. E [BW]

1881.03.24 = PLATOV; Vasily Platov born. E [BW]

1881.04.02 = Howell, Clarence born in New York City. Howell Attack. E [BW]

1881.06 = Manhattan Chess Club ch, Teed 1st. E [BW]

1881.06.14 = THOMAS; Sir George Thomas b. Istanbul. Br. ch. 1923, 1934. London ch 1946. E [BW]

1881.07 = Brentano's Chess Monthly publised in NY. E [BW]

1881.08.29 = 2nd German Chess Fed, Berlin, Blackburne 1st. E [BW]

1881.10.05 = Fleischmann, Leo (also Forgacs) born in Budapest. Elo: 2520 Hungary ch 1907. E [BW]

1881.12.03 = Sergeant b. Gateshead. London ch 1951. E [BW]

1881.12.15 = du Mont, Julius born in Paris. E [BW]

1882 = 1st Italian chess column in the Enganeo, a Padua paper. E [BW]

1882 = 1st time in England of Sonneborn-Berger tiebreaker in Liverpool CC. E [BW]

1882 = 1st time NimzoIndian Defense played, by Englisch against Steinitz. E [BW]

1882 = BEECHEY; Frideswide Beechey is 1st woman to win prize as composer of chess problems. E [BW]

1882 = Journaud, French chess editor died. E [BW]

1882 = Mason made 72 consecutive Queen moves against Mackenzie, London. E [BW]

1882 = Messemaker wins 10th Netherlands Ch in the Hague. E [BW]

1882.01 = Sanderson wins 9th Canadian Ch in Quebec. E [BW]

1882.01.13 = Boden, Samuel died of scarlet fever in London. Elo: 2470 E [BW]

1882.05.11 = Longest winning streak, 25 wins, Steinitz. Began on 4 Aug, 1873. E [BW]

1882.05.28 = Edge, Frederick died in London. Journalist. E [BW]

1882.06.26 = Vienna, Steinitz & Winawer 1st (18 players). E [BW]

1882.07 = Moscow Chess Club ch, Durnovo & Schmidt 1st. E [BW]

1882.10.02 = Bernstein, Ossip born in Jitomir, Ukraine. GM 1950; IA 1952. Elo: 2590. E [BW]

1882.10.12 = Rubinstein b. Stawiski. Ch. of 4 countries. GM 1950. E [BW]

1882.10.30 = Duras, Oldrich born in Prague. Czech ch 3 times and German ch. GM 1950. Elo: 2580 E [BW]

1882.12 = Beechey is 1st woman to write a chess column. E [BW]

1882.12.11 = Graves, Frank born in Alvarado, TX. USCF President 1954. E [BW]

1882.12.27 = Rueb, Alexandre born in La Haye. 1st FIDE President. E [BW]

1883 = 1st Forsyth notation for giving positions in the Glasgow Weekly Herald. E [BW]

1883 = 1st International Problem Tourney for Ladies, by Frideswide Beechey. (BCM 1981,403) E [BW]

1883 = Manhattan Chess Club Handicap, Simonson 1st. E [BW]

1883 = play published called MATE by Charles Jolliet. E [BW]

1883 = Winawer wins 3rd German Ch in Nuremberg. E [BW]

1883 = Zannoni wins 4th Italian Ch in Venice. E [BW]

1883.01 = Ascher and Howe win 10th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1883.04.26 = 1st day of the London International Tournament, 1st tourney in which clocks were used. E [BW]

1883.05.05 = Spielmann b. Vienna. Nordic ch 1919. German ch 1927. Died 20 Aug 1942. E [BW]

1883.05.10 = Hennig, Heinrich born in Germany. Hennig-Schara Gambit. Admiral. E [BW]

1883.05.19 = Henneberger, Walter born in Ennenda, Switzerland. Henneberger var. E [BW]

1883.06.01 = 1st mechanical double-faced clock (Wilson) - London (15 moves/hour). E [BW]

1883.06.23 = London, Zukertort 1st, Steinitz 2nd. E [BW]

1883.08.31 = Balla, Zoltan born in Budapest. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1883.10.27 = Harley, Brian born in Saffron Walden, England. Composer. E [BW]

1883.12.02 = Daly, Harlow born in Dorchester, MA. E [BW]

1883.12.26 = Ahues, Carl born in Bremen. German ch. 1929. IM 1950. Elo: 2490. E [BW]

1884 = 1st Manhattan Chess Club ch, Ryan 1st. E [BW]

1884 = 1st patent for chess clock by A. Schierwater. E [BW]

1884 = 1st womens' chess tourney, sponsored by the Sussex Chess Assn. (BCM 1981,403) E [BW]

1884 = CHESS STUDIES AND ENDGAMES, by Horwitz, published. 427 positions. E [BW]

1884 = First chess patent, for a clock. E [BW]

1884 = Golden Gate chess club formed in San Francisco. E [BW]

1884 = Lambert wins 11th Canadian Ch in Ottawa. E [BW]

1884 = Messemaker wins 12th Netherlands Ch in Gouda. E [BW]

1884 = Philadelphia Chess Club ch, Michaelis 1st. E [BW]

1884 = Prokes, Ladislav born. E [BW]

1884 = Scottish Chess Association, oldest in the world, founded. E [BW]

1884.01 = 1st photo in BCM. E [BW]

1884.01.09 = Harrwitz, Daniel died in Bozen, Italy. Strong German player of his day. Elo: 2520. E [BW]

1884.01.16 = Yates born Leeds. British champion 6 times. E [BW]

1884.01.18 = Wisker died from bronchitis & consumtion in Melbourne. E [BW]

1884.03.01 = Cohn, Eric born in Berlin. Elo: 2480. Medical doctor. E [BW]

1884.03.18 = 1st telephone chess match between Cardiff and Swansea. E [BW]

1884.06.05 = Blumenfeld, Beniamin born in Volkovisk, Russia. Russian chess theortician. Elo: 2390 E [BW]

1884.07.10 = Morphy died in New Orleans of apolexy at the age of 47. E [BW]

1884.07.21 = Start of the 1st Scottish Ch in Glasgow. E [BW]

1884.07.24 = British Chess Assn inaugurated. Pres, Churchill; VP, Tennyson (BCM 1974,174) E [BW]

1884.07.25 = 1st Scottish ch, Glasgow, Crum 1st. E [BW]

1884.08.27 = Znosko-Borovsky b. Alexandrovitch. E [BW]

1884.09.16 = Anderson, Magnus born in Melbourne. Collected 6,000 chess books. E [BW]

1884.11.28 = Ilyin-Genevsky b. St Petersburg. Leningrad ch. 1925, 1926, 1929. E [BW]

1885 / 1887 - 4. u. 5. Kongreß: Hamburg / Frankfurt a. M. Q Bardeleben / Gottschall / Mieses / Minckwitz 550 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1982

1885 = 1st Australian ch. Melbourne. Won by Esling, defeating Gossip. E [BW]

1885 = Ajeeb makes its debut in the United States (New York). E [BW]

1885 = American association of chess editors formed. E [BW]

1885 = CHURCHILL; Lord Randolph Churchill elected Vice President of the BCF. E [BW]

1885 = Gunsberg wins 4th German ch in Hamburg. E [BW]

1885 = Havana Chess Club formed. Site of 3 world chess championships, 1889, 1892, 1921. E [BW]

1885 = Hereford Times confers 1 f4 as Bird's Opening. E [BW]

1885 = Krejcik born. E [BW]

1885 = Krylenko born. E [BW]

1885 = Pollock wins 2nd Irish Ch in Dublin. E [BW]

1885 = Tchigorin edits Achackmatni Vestnik. E [BW]

1885 = Tennyson, Poet Laureate, becomes President of the BCF. E [BW]

1885 = TRABUE; Col Trabue to hold tourney funded by pinapples in Florida (BCM 1980,599) E [BW]

1885 = Van Foreest wins 13th Netherlands Ch in The Hague. E [BW]

1885.01 = Steinitz edits THE INTERNATIONAL CHESS MAGAZINE until Dec, 1891. E [BW]

1885.05.11 = 2nd Manhattan chess club ch, Delmar 1st. E [BW]

1885.06.15 = 1st Congress of British Chess Association, London; Gunsberg 1st. E [BW]

1885.06.22 = Vidmar, Milan born in Ljubljana. Nordic ch 1909. Yug ch 1939. GM 1950. E [BW]

1885.08.03 = Start of 2nd Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1885.08.08 = Mills wins 2nd Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1885.08.29 = Horwitz, Bernhard died in London. Leading player and composer of his day. Elo: 2420 E [BW]

1885.10.17 = 1st Irish chess association, Dublin, Pollock 1st. E [BW]

1885.12 = Franklin chess club ch, Philadelphia, Newman 1st. E [BW]

1885.12.03 = Lasker, Ed born in Poland. E [BW]

1885.12.14 = Falkbeer, Ernst died in Vienna. Chess editor. Edited THE CHESS PLAYERS' MAGAZINE. Elo: 2410. E [BW]

1886 - Steinitz-Zuckertort. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer u.a. 250 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1886 = 1st chess clock marketed in Liverpool (BCM 1980,599). E [BW]

1886 = Analysis of Caro-Kann appear in the chess magazine, BRUDERSCHAFT. E [BW]

1886 = Helsinki Chess Club formed. E [BW]

1886 = Hooper ships Ajeeb to Eden Museum, NYC. E [BW]

1886 = KANN; Marcus Kann died. E [BW]

1886 = Mackenzie beats S. Lipschutz (5-3, 5 draws). E [BW]

1886 = MacLeod wins 12th Canadian Ch in Quebec. E [BW]

1886 = Pollock wins 3rd Irish Ch in Belfast. E [BW]

1886 = Sonneborn and J. Berger publicize the Sonneborn-Berger method. E [BW]

1886 = THOMSON; Florence Thomson b. Glasgow. Scottish ch. World women's ch. 1937. E [BW]

1886 = Van Foreest wins 14th Netherlands Ch, Utrecht. E [BW]

1886 = Zannoni wins 5th Italian Ch in Rome. E [BW]

1886 n. Chr. W. Steinitz besiegte im ersten offiziellen WM-Kampf den Russen Zukertort. [GH]

1886.01 = 1st telephone match, between Manchester and Liverpool. E [BW]

1886.01 = Issue No. 86 of Dubuque Chess Journal. Issue No. 85 appeared in 1878. E [BW]

1886.01.11 = 1st use of a demonstration board in a world championship match. E [BW]

1886.01.11 = 1st world ch. match, Steinitz-Zukertort, New York, begins. E [BW]

1886.01.23 = 1st meeting of the Yorkshire Chess Club. E [BW]

1886.02.17 = British Chess Club, London, 1st Blackburne. E [BW]

1886.03.29 = Steinitz (+10=25-5) defeats Zukertort, 12.5-7.5, New Orleans. E [BW]

1886.04.05 = Start of 3rd Scottish Ch, Glasgow. E [BW]

1886.04.09 = Barbier wins 3rd Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1886.07.29 = 1st British Amateur ch, London, Gettie 1st (ended in October). E [BW]

1886.07.29 = London, Blackburn & Burn 1st. E [BW]

1886.08.08 = 1st Bavarian ch, Munich, Neustadtl 1st. E [BW]

1886.08.18 = Abonyi, Istvan born in Budapest, Hungary. Invented the Abonyi gambit. E [BW]

1886.09.03 = 1st New York Summer Congress, Cooperstown, Shipley 1st. E [BW]

1886.09.06 = Hanneken, Hermann von, died in Neunahr, Germany. Prussian General. Hanneken Defense. E [BW]

1886.09.26 = Harksen, Alfred born in Ystad, Sweden. Harksen Gambit. E [BW]

1886.10 = Gattie wins 1st British Amateur ch and the Newnes Cup. E [BW]

1886.11 = Berlin chess club ch, Schallopp 1st. E [BW]

1886.11 = Telegraphic match between London and St Petersburg. Code invented by Gringmuth (Udeman notation) E [BW]

1886.11.03 = Blumich, Reinhold Max born in Germany. Blumich variation E [BW]

1886.11.07 = Nimzovich b. Riga. Russian ch 1914. Nordic ch 1924, 1934. E [BW]

1887 = 1st Brooklyn chess club ch. E [BW]

1887 = 1st national ch for women, England. Ladies Challenge Cup (BCM 1981,403) E [BW]

1887 = 2nd Australian Ch won by Charlick in Adelaide. E [BW]

1887 = 50 bd Yorkshire vs Lancashire 1st to use chess clocks. E [BW]

1887 = Barry, George wins 13th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1887 = Columbia chess club ch, new york, koehler 1st. E [BW]

1887 = French Chess Assn formed. E [BW]

1887 = Judd defeats A. Hodges 5-2. Judd claims he is US champion. E [BW]

1887 = London chess league formed (metropolitan chess club competition). E [BW]

1887 = Mackenzie wins 5th German Ch in Frankfurt (15-5) ahead of 20 masters. E [BW]

1887 = Russian candidate for the Bulgarian crown is Prince Dadian (BCM 1980,600). E [BW]

1887 = Van Foreest wins 15th Netherlands Ch, Amsterdam. E [BW]

1887.02.21 = Tartakower b. Rostov-on-Don. Polish & French ch. GM 1950. E [BW]

1887.02.24 = Kostic b. Vrsac. Yugoslav ch 1935, 1938. GM 1950. E [BW]

1887.02.26 = Batik, Frantisek born in Chotusice, Czechoslovakia. IMC 1959. E [BW]

1887.04.21 = Altschul, Frank born in San Francisco, CA. Problem book publisher. E [BW]

1887.04.23 = Hromadka, Karel born in Gross Weikersdorf, Austria. Elo: 2440. Hromadka Defense E [BW]

1887.07.11 = Start of 4th Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1887.07.15 = Mills wins 4th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1887.07.28 = Duchamp, Marcel born in Rouen, France. Famous avant-garde painter. E [BW]

1887.08.15 = Berlin Chess Club Jubilee, Max Harmonist 1st. E [BW]

1887.08.31 = 2nd Australian ch, Adelaide, Charlick 1st. E [BW]

1887.09.10 = Johner b. Zurich. Won Swiss ch. 6 times. Brother won 12 times. E [BW]

1887.09.18 = Basterot, Barthelemy died in Torino, Italy. E [BW]

1887.09.21 = London Chess League founded under the name Metropolitan Chess Club Competition. E [BW]

1887.10.10 = Banks, Newell born in Detroit. E [BW]

1887.11.29 = Start of 2nd British Amateur Ch in London. E [BW]

1887.12.12 = Locock wins 2nd British Amateur ch. E [BW]

1888 = 1st international correspondence chess tournament organized. E [BW]

1888 = Lipschutz adds 122-page addendum to Gossip's CHESSPLAYER'S MANUAL. E [BW]

1888 = Loman wins 16th Netherlands Ch, Rotterdam. E [BW]

1888 = MacLeod wins 14th Canadian Ch in Quebec. E [BW]

1888 = Showalter wins 1st US ch, Cincinnati. Judd takes last place. (6 players) E [BW]

1888 = US Chess Association formed. E [BW]

1888 = Verlinsky, Boris born. E [BW]

1888.03.30 = Mongredien died. Pres of the London CC and Liverpool CC. E [BW]

1888.04.26 = Friess, Hans died in Germany. Friess var. E [BW]

1888.05.18 = Hirschbach, Hermann died in Leipzig. Hirschbach var. E [BW]

1888.06.20 = Zukertort d. London of a cerebral hemorrhage after a chess game. E [BW]

1888.07.16 = Start of 5th Scottish Ch, Glasgow. E [BW]

1888.07.21 = Mackenzie wins 5th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1888.08.06 = Start of the 3rd British Amateur Ch in Bradford. E [BW]

1888.08.18 = Guest wins 3rd British Amateur Ch. E [BW]

1888.10.06 = Hammond, Alex born in England. Chess set collector. E [BW]

1888.10.06 = Steinitz becomes naturalized U.S. citizen. E [BW]

1888.10.28 = Blackmar, Armand died in New Orleans. American music publisher. E [BW]

1888.11.19 = Capablanca y Graupera, Jose born in Havana. World chess champion 1921-1927. Elo: 2725. E [BW]

1888.12.28 = Lederer born. E [BW]

1889 - The 6th Congress: New York. Q Steinitz. 560 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1982

1889 / 1892 / 1893 - 6. / 7. u. 8. Kongreß: Breslau / Dresden / Kiel. Q Gottschall / Lipke / Mieses 620 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1889 = 1st Switzerland ch, Pestalozzi & Poplawski 1st; Zurich. E [BW]

1889 = 4th Irish Ch held in Dublin. Nobody knows who won. E [BW]

1889 = Best game prize, first. Gunsberg over Mason, New York 1889 E [BW]

1889 = Blathy composes longest problem - mate in 290 moves. E [BW]

1889 = Flemming, Richard wins 15th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1889 = Kolisch died in Vienna. Chess patron. E [BW]

1889 = Pillsbury learns the game of chess. E [BW]

1889 = Rotlewi, Gerz born. Polish player. E [BW]

1889 = Schiffers is 1st Russian to deliver a course of lectures on chess. E [BW]

1889 = Sonneborn is writing about chess scoring methods. E [BW]

1889 = Tarrasch wins 6th German Ch in Breslau. E [BW]

1889 = Van Foreest wins 17th Netherlands Ch, Gouda. E [BW]

1889.01 = Ollivier wins 2nd New Zealand Ch, Christchurch. E [BW]

1889.01.07 = Johner b. Basel. Swiss ch 12 times. Brother won it 6 times. E [BW]

1889.01.20 = Start of 2nd world ch. match, Steinitz-Tchigorin, Havana. E [BW]

1889.02 = 1st brilliancy prize for match game, awarded to Steinitz. (300 fr.) E [BW]

1889.02.04 = Steinitz defeats Tchigorin, 10.5 - 6.5 in 2nd world ch match, Havana. E [BW]

1889.02.22 = Ohio ch, Cincinnati, George Smith 1st. E [BW]

1889.03 = Hanham introduced the Hanham variation of the Philidor Defense. E [BW]

1889.03.09 = Levenfish b. Poland. USSR ch 1934, 1937. GM 1950. E [BW]

1889.03.25 = Start of 6th American Chess Congress, New York, Tchigorin & Weiss 1st. E [BW]

1889.03.25 = Tchigorin won the most games in a single tournament, 27. E [BW]

1889.03.25 = Top US player in the NY International was S. Lipschutz. E [BW]

1889.04 = ? 1st game prize awarded to Gunsberg against Mason.1889 E [BW]

1889.04.14 = Bogoljubow, Efim born in Kiev. Ger. and USSR ch 1925. Challenger 1929, '34. Elo: 2610 E [BW]

1889.05.01 = Lokvenc b. Vienna. Ger. ch 1943. Austrian ch 1951, 1953. E [BW]

1889.05.28 = Reti born in Bratislava. Czechoslovkia ch 1925. E [BW]

1889.07.29 = Asztalos, Lajos born in Pecs, Hungary. IM 1950; IA 1951. Elo: 2480 Hungary ch 1913. E [BW]

1889.07.29 = Start of 6th Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1889.08.02 = Marshall wins 6th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1889.08.09 = 2nd U.S. Chess Association, Haller 1st. E [BW]

1889.08.21 = Chandler, Guy born in Weymouth, England. Founder of the British Chess Problem Society. E [BW]

1889.08.25 = MacLeod lost 31 games in a single tournament. E [BW]

1889.09.22 = Swiss Chess Association founded. E [BW]

1889.10 = Grand meeting of all Japanese chessplayers in Tokyo. 200 players. E [BW]

1889.11.25 = Wainright wins 4th British Amateur ch in London. E [BW]

1889.11.28 = Dawson, Thomas born in Leeds, England. Created 6,400 problems. Pioneer of fairy chess. E [BW]

1889.12.08 = Max Lange died. E [BW]

1890 = Albin Attack introduced by Albin against Csank, Vienna. E [BW]

1890 = Albin was the only player to get a prize, Vienna, 1890. E [BW]

1890 = Az-Rah automaton exhibit closed by Bordeaux police (BCM 1978,407). E [BW]

1890 = Brunet published EL AJEDREZ in Barcelona. E [BW]

1890 = Cafe de la Regence ch, Paris, Goetz 1st. E [BW]

1890 = El Ajedristica, 1st true automaton, shown by Quevedo. E [BW]

1890 = Loman wins 18th Netherlands Ch, The Hague. E [BW]

1890 = Pestalozzi and Poplawski win 2nd Swiss Ch, Winterthur. E [BW]

1890 = Short wins 16th Canadian Ch in Quebec. E [BW]

1890 = Showalter defeats Lipschutz in a match, Louisville. E [BW]

1890 = Tchigorin beats Steintz in a telegraph match. E [BW]

1890 = THEORIE UND PRAXIS DER ENDSPIELE by Berger published. E [BW]

1890 = Traxler variation introduced by Peter Traxler. E [BW]

1890.01.29 = Ware died. E [BW]

1890.02 = Showalter wins 2nd US ch, St Louis. Called the 3rd Congress of the US Chess Assn. E [BW]

1890.04.09 = Whitaker, Norman born in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1890.04.14 = Start of 7th Scottish Ch, Dundee. E [BW]

1890.04.18 = Walker wins 7th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1890.07.26 = Berlin, Bertold Lasker & Emanual Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1890.08.25 = Start of 5th British Amateur Ch in Manchester. E [BW]

1890.09.30 = Mills wins 5th British Amateur Ch. E [BW]

1890.11 = Showalter loses a match to Judd, 7-3. E [BW]

1890.12 = 1st city of London ch, Loman 1st. E [BW]

1890.12.09 = Start of 3rd world ch match, Steinitz-Gunsberg, NY. E [BW]

1890.12.27 = Grimshaw, Walter died in Whitby, England. E [BW]

1891 = 1st article on chessplayer ratings published in the BCM by Brumfitt. E [BW]

1891 = Bachmann 1st publishes a yearbook on chess. Ended in 1930. E [BW]

1891 = Davison wins 17th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1891 = Loman wins 19th Netherlands Ch, Utrecht. E [BW]

1891 = Rabinovich, Ilya born. E [BW]

1891 = Showalter wins 3rd US ch, Lexington. (4th Congress) E [BW]

1891 = Sturgis, George born. President of USCF. E [BW]

1891.01 = Barnes wins 4th New Zealand Ch, Wellington. E [BW]

1891.01.01 = Campbell, Joseph died in London. Problemist. E [BW]

1891.01.03 = Brinckmann, Alfred born in Kiel, Germany. IA 1951; IM 1953; Elo: 2470. E [BW]

1891.01.22 = Steinitz (+6=9-4) beats Gunsberg, 10.5-8.5, in 3rd world ch, NY. E [BW]

1891.04.05 = Bauer, Johann died in Gortz, Austria of tuberculosis. E [BW]

1891.04.14 = MacKenzie d. in NY hotel room from TB. Born in 1837. E [BW]

1891.04.14 = Steinitz claims Mackenzie killed himself with an overdose of morphine. E [BW]

1891.07.20 = Start of 8th Scottish Ch, Glasgow. E [BW]

1891.07.25 = Chambers, John wins 8th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1891.08.18 = Paulsen died in Germany. E [BW]

1891.10.10 = Kipping born. Most famous problem editor of all time. E [BW]

1891.12.12 = 1st long distance telephone match in Great Britain, Liverpool vs London. E [BW]

1891.12.25 = Kubbel b. St Petersburg. Problem & endgame studies composer. E [BW]

1892 = 1st time PxP or P-KKt4 used (rather than spell it out) E [BW]

1892 = Corrodi, Oswald (died in 1893) and Fahrni win 3rd Swiss Ch, Basel. E [BW]

1892 = Falkener publishes GAMES ANCIENT AND ORIENTAL in London. E [BW]

1892 = Hicks, William died in Montreal. Canadian ch 1874. E [BW]

1892 = Kupchik born. E [BW]

1892 = Lipschutz wins 4th US ch in a match in a match against Showalter (7-1, 7 draws) E [BW]

1892 = Roberts wins 1st South African Ch, Cape Town. E [BW]

1892 = Steinitz ends International Chess Magazine. E [BW]

1892 = Tarrasch wins 7th German Ch in Dresden. E [BW]

1892 = Torre, V. wins 6th Italian Ch in Turin. E [BW]

1892 = Van den Berg wins 20th Netherlands Ch, Amsterdam. E [BW]

1892 = Weenik, Henri born. Dutch composer, player and author. E [BW]

1892.01 = Siedeberg wins 5th New Zealand Ch, Auckland. E [BW]

1892.01.02 = Start of world ch match, Steinitz-Tchigorin, Havana. E [BW]

1892.02.07 = Opocensky born. IM 1950. 4-time Czech ch. E [BW]

1892.02.28 = Steinitz (+10=5-8) beats Tchigorin, 12.5-10.5, in world ch match. E [BW]

1892.03.07 = 1st day of the last meeting of the British Chess Assn, at British CC, London. E [BW]

1892.03.07 = Start of 6th British Amateur Ch in London. E [BW]

1892.03.15 = Kupchik, Abraham born in Brest-Litovsk, Russia. Manhattan CC Ch. E [BW]

1892.03.18 = Jones and Bateman win 6th British Amateur Ch. E [BW]

1892.04.14 = Start of 9th Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1892.04.19 = Mills wins 9th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1892.06.19 = Ahlhausen, Carl died in Berlin. Adopted 1.g4 as his opening. E [BW]

1892.07.29 = Romanovsky b. St Petersburg. USSR ch 1923, 1927. IM 1950. E [BW]

1892.09.03 = Southern Counties' Chess Union formed. E [BW]

1892.09.10 = Balogh, Janos born in Tirgu Secuiesc, Romania. IMC 1953. Introduced the Balogh Defense. E [BW]

1892.10.31 = Alekhine, Alexander born in Moscow. Elo: 2690. E [BW]

1892.11.26 = Bohatirchuk, Fedor born in Kiev. USSR ch 1927. IM 1954. IMC 1967. E [BW]

1893 - Tarrasch-Tschigorin / Die Verteidigung des Damengambits Q. Tarrasch 230 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1893 = Albin introduces the Albin counter-gambit against Lasker, NY. E [BW]

1893 = First of a series of famous cable matches between the U.S. and England. E [BW]

1893 = Mason writes THE PRINCIPLES OF CHESS. Sold 13,000 copies. E [BW]

1893 = Narraway wins 19th Canadian Ch in Quebec. E [BW]

1893 = Popoff wins 4th Swiss ch, Bern. E [BW]

1893 = Van Foreest and Loman win 21st Netherlands ch, Groningen. E [BW]

1893 = Walbrodt and Bardeleben win 8th German Ch in Kiel. E [BW]

1893 = Wallace wins 4th Australian ch in Sydney. E [BW]

1893.01 = Siedeberg wins 6th New Zealand Ch, Christchurch. E [BW]

1893.01.01 = Dutch Federation monthly magazine SCHAKEND NEDERLAND founded. E [BW]

1893.01.06 = Antal, Aladar born in Jaszladany, Hungary. Wrote a book on openings. E [BW]

1893.02.23 = Anderson, Gerald Frank born in Newcastle, South Africa. British chess problemist. IJComp 1960; IMComp 1975. E [BW]

1893.04.10 = Start of 10th Scottish Ch, Dundee. E [BW]

1893.04.13 = Dufresne died. German player and writer. Elo: 2370 E [BW]

1893.04.14 = Walker wins 10th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1893.04.30 = Breyer, Gyula born in Budapest. Hungarian ch 1912. Elo: 2500 E [BW]

1893.09.30 = New York International, Lasker 1st; Albin 2nd; Showalter 3rd E [BW]

1893.10 = NY tourney; 1st Pillsbury; 2nd Hodges; 3rd Showalter. E [BW]

1893.11.21 = Grunfeld, Ernst born in Vienna. German ch 1927. GM 1950. Elo: 2550. E [BW]

1894 = Davison wins 20th Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1894 = ENCHEIRIDION ZATRIKION by Olivier, 1st Greek work on chess, Athens. E [BW]

1894 = Ilyin-Genevsky born. E [BW]

1894 = Loman wins 22nd Netherlands Ch, Rotterdam. E [BW]

1894 = Tarrasch publishes his 300 Games of Chess. E [BW]

1894 = Tarrasch wins 9th German Ch in Leipzig. E [BW]

1894 = Wittek, Alexander born. Austrian player, architect. E [BW]

1894 = WYLLIE; James Wyllie, Checker Ch for 40 years, loses to James Ferrie. E [BW]

1894 n. Chr. W. Steinitz verlor gegen Emanuel Lasker. [GH]

1894.01 = Women's chess club formed in NY, by Eliza Foote. 30 members. Lasted until 1949. E [BW]

1894.01.23 = Ceriani, Luigi born in Milan, Italy. Problemist. E [BW]

1894.02 = Showalter beats Hodges 8-6. E [BW]

1894.03.15 = Start of Steinitz-Lasker world ch match, NY. E [BW]

1894.03.23 = Start of 11th Scottish Ch, Glasgow. E [BW]

1894.03.27 = Spens wins 11th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1894.04.07 = Apsenieks, Fricis born in Tetele, Latvia. Elo: 2430. Latvian ch 1926-7, 1934 E [BW]

1894.05.18 = Adam, Edmund born in Sonneberg, Germany. Introduced the Adam variation in 1939. E [BW]

1894.05.26 = Lasker defeats Steinitz, 12-7, to become world champion. E [BW]

1894.05.26 = Steinitz is oldest world champion at 58 years, 10 days. E [BW]

1894.07.25 = Kmoch born in Vienna. IM 1950. Chess author. E [BW]

1894.08 = Hodges defeats Showalter 5-3; recognized as US champion. E [BW]

1894.10.20 = New York, steinitz 1st; Albin 2nd; Showalter 3rd. E [BW]

1894.12.28 = Mattison b. Riga. Latvian ch 1924. World amateur ch 1924. E [BW]

1895 - Hastings. Q Pickard 259 Seiten - kartoniert - Pickard & Son 1995

1895 - Hastings. Q Schallopp 339 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1989

1895 = 1st cable match, between the British chess club and Manhattan. E [BW]

1895 = Ajeeb returns to Coney Island; Sam Gonotsky is hidden operator. E [BW]

1895 = Bachmann wins 5th Swiss ch, Zurich. E [BW]

1895 = Hooper sells Ajeeb to James Smith, who returns it to London. E [BW]

1895 = Model, Abram born. Botvinnik's chess trainer. E [BW]

1895 = Olland wins 23rd Netherlands Ch, Arnhem. E [BW]

1895 = Only 1 chess periodical in Russia, Chakmatny Bulletin. E [BW]

1895 = Potter, William died. Leading English player of the 1870s. E [BW]

1895 = Showalter wins 5th US ch in a match against Lipschultz (7-4). E [BW]

1895 = Wallace wins 5th Australian ch in Melbourne. E [BW]

1895.01 = Mackay wins 8th New Zealand Ch, Wellington. E [BW]

1895.01 = Women's chess club formed in London. E [BW]

1895.04.12 = Start of 12th Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1895.04.16 = Mills wins 12th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1895.05.06 = From, Martin died in Copenhagen. From's Gambit named after him. E [BW]

1895.05.18 = Saavedra publishes an underpromotion solution of a problem to win. E [BW]

1895.06.15 = Swiss System pairings, invented by J. Muller, 1st used in Zurich. E [BW]

1895.08.05 = Start of Hastings International. E [BW]

1895.08.05 = women's chess tournament, Hastings, won by Lady Thomas. (not the 1st) E [BW]

1895.08.14 = Grigoriev, Nikolay born in Moscow. Elo: 2440. Moscow ch 1921, 1922, 1923-4, 1929. Endgame analyst. E [BW]

1895.08.19 = Start of 7th British Amateur Ch in Hastings. E [BW]

1895.08.24 = Atkins wins 7th British Amateur Ch. E [BW]

1895.09.02 = Pillsbury wins at Hastings (16.5 - 4.5). Tchigorin 2nd, Lasker 3rd. E [BW]

1895.09.25 = Cheron, Andre born in Colombes, France. Fr ch 3 times. Authority on endgame studies. IJComp 1957; IMComp 1959. E [BW]

1895.12.13 = St Petersburg; start, Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1895.12.16 = Barbier, Georges died in France. E [BW]

1896 - Nürnberg / Internationales Schachturnier. Q Tarrasch / Schröder 320 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1982

1896 - Nürnberg. Q Tarrasch / Schröder 294 Seiten - kartoniert - BCM 1974

1896 = Austrian Attack introduced in Tarrasch-Charousek, Nuremberg. E [BW]

1896 = Bachmann and H. Duhm win 6th Swiss Ch, Lucerne. E [BW]

1896 = Bleijkmans wins 24th Netherlands Ch, Leiden. E [BW]

1896 = Jacobi publishes history of chess in Sanskrit literature. E [BW]

1896 = Only game played with 5 queens on board, Tresling-Benima, Winschoten. E [BW]

1896 = Price, Edith founded the Gambit Chess Rooms E [BW]

1896 = Showalter defeats Kemeny and Barry to retain US Ch. E [BW]

1896 = Sozin born. E [BW]

1896 = Wallace wins 6th Australian ch in Sydney. E [BW]

1896 = Wyvill, Marmaduke died. E [BW]

1896 n. Chr. Erstes Fernschach - Match, wobei Amerika gegen England gewann. [GH]

1896.01 = Meldrum wins 9th New Zealand Ch, Wanganui. E [BW]

1896.01.27 = Lasker wins at St Petersburg. Stenitz 2nd. E [BW]

1896.03.13 = 1st Anglo-American cable match - US 4.5, UK 3.5. Newnes trophy. E [BW]

1896.04.03 = Start of 13th Scottish Ch, Dundee. E [BW]

1896.04.09 = Mills wins 13th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1896.04.19 = Canal, Esteban born in Chiclayo, Peru. Hungarian ch 1933. IM 1950. HGM 1977. E [BW]

1896.05.02 = Vajda b. Rimavska Sobota. Hungarian ch 1928. IM 1950. E [BW]

1896.06.14 = Mansfield born. Chess problemist. E [BW]

1896.09.05 = Becker, Albert born in Vienna. Austrian ch 1925, 1937. IM 1953. E [BW]

1896.09.14 = Freeborough, Edward died in Hull, England. Author. E [BW]

1896.09.20 = Samisch b. Berlin. Austrian ch 1921. E [BW]

1896.11.07 = Start of Lasker-Steinitz world ch match, Moscow. E [BW]

1896.12.01 = Mueller born. Austrian ch 1947. Developed the Austrian Attack. E [BW]

1897 = 1st Nordic Ch won by S. Svensson in Stockholm. E [BW]

1897 = 1st reference to lightning chess. E [BW]

1897 = 2nd Anglo-American match. GB 5.5, US 4.5. E [BW]

1897 = Barulin, Mikhail born in Russia. Fostered chess problems in Russia. E [BW]

1897 = German book on history of chess published in Leipzig by von der Lasa. E [BW]

1897 = Jacobsen wins 8th Australian ch in Sydney. E [BW]

1897 = Lasa encourages Murray to write history of chess. E [BW]

1897 = Lasa publishes history of chess, Leipzig. E [BW]

1897 = Laucks, Forry born. Founder of Log Cabin Chess Club. E [BW]

1897 = LINDE; Antonius van der Linde, Dutch chess historian, died in Weisbaden. E [BW]

1897 = Loman wins 25th Netherlands Ch, Utrecht. E [BW]

1897 = Narraway wins 21st Canadian Ch in Orilla. E [BW]

1897 = Palmer, Marvin born in Cedar Rapids, IA. Won Iowa ch at 20. Won Missouri ch in 1922. Won Michigan ch 5 times. E [BW]

1897 = Roberts wins 2nd South African Ch, Cape Town. E [BW]

1897 = Sack wins 7th Swiss Ch, Aarau. E [BW]

1897 = Steinitz and Lipschutz tie for NY State Championship. E [BW]

1897 = Steinitz plays 22 games blindfold (+17) in Vienna at age 61. E [BW]

1897 = Tromovsky born. E [BW]

1897 = Urusov, Sergei died. Chess-playing Russian prince. E [BW]

1897.01 = Barnes wins 10th New Zealand Ch, Christchurch. E [BW]

1897.01.14 = Lasker (+10=5-2) defeats Steinitz, 12.5-4.5, Moscow. E [BW]

1897.02 = Pillsbury wins 6th US ch in a match against Showalter in NY. Won 10-8, 3 draws. E [BW]

1897.02.12 = Gurvich, Abram born in Russia. IJComp 1956. E [BW]

1897.03.14 = Guidelli, Giorgio born in Serravalle d'Asti, Italy. Composer. E [BW]

1897.03.23 = Araiza, Jose born in Mexico. Mexico ch. Won 15 times in a row. E [BW]

1897.04.16 = Start of 14th Scottish Ch, Glasgow. E [BW]

1897.04.19 = Mills wins 14th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1897.05.10 = Gedult, David born in Warsaw. E [BW]

1897.05.18 = Colle, Edgar born in Ghent, Belgium. Belgium ch 1924. Elo: 2490. E [BW]

1897.05.31 = Cable match between the House of Commons & House of Representatives. E [BW]

1897.06.23 = 1st women's international tournament at Hotel Cecil, London, won by Mary Rudge. (BCM 1981,403) E [BW]

1897.07.24 = Macdonnell publishes Bana's Sanskrit reference to chess in the ATHENAEUM. E [BW]

1897.08.30 = Start of 8th British Amateur Ch in Southamton. E [BW]

1897.09.08 = Atkins wins 8th British Amateur Ch. E [BW]

1897.09.28 = Fraenkel, Heinrich born in Germany. Assiac. E [BW]

1897.10.15 = Bayer, Conrad died in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia. Prize-winning problemist. E [BW]

1897.10.19 = Englisch, Berthold died in Vienna. German champion 1879. Elo: 2520. E [BW]

1898 = 3rd Anglo-American match. GB 5.5, US 4.5. E [BW]

1898 = Bachmann win 8th Swiss ch, Basel. E [BW]

1898 = Berger edits DEUTSCH SCHACHZEITUNG (1898-1911). E [BW]

1898 = Burn wins 10th German Ch in Cologne. E [BW]

1898 = Culin published CHESS AND PLAYING CARDS in Washington. E [BW]

1898 = Kriegspiel invented by journalist Henry Temple in London. E [BW]

1898 = Marco edits WIENER SCHACHZEITUNG (1898-1916). E [BW]

1898 = Narraway wins 22nd Canadian Ch in Toronto. E [BW]

1898 = Pillsbury operates Ajeeb until 1904. E [BW]

1898 = Thomas, F. writes THE INDIAN GAME OF CHESS E [BW]

1898 = Trenchard scored 27 zeros (most ever), +1, =8, at Vienna. E [BW]

1898 = Tresling wins 26th Netherlands Ch, The Hague. E [BW]

1898 = Vukovic, Vladimir born. E [BW]

1898 = Zepler, Eric, German composer born. 1st professor of electronics. E [BW]

1898.01 = Barnes wins 11th New Zealand Ch, Auckland. E [BW]

1898.01 = Macdonell writes THE ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF CHESS. E [BW]

1898.01.14 = Fox, Maurice born in the Ukraine. Won Canadian ch 8 times. E [BW]

1898.02.25 = Start of the Pillsbury-Showalter US ch match, New York. E [BW]

1898.03.23 = Fazekas, Stefan born in Staoraljaujhely, Hungary. Br. ch 1957. IMC 1964. E [BW]

1898.04.01 = Pillsbury wins 7th US ch in a match vs Showalter. (+7,-3,=2) E [BW]

1898.04.09 = Start of 15th Scottish Ch, Edinburgh. E [BW]

1898.04.16 = Fraser wins 15th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1898.09.11 = Winter b. Medstead. London ch 5 times. Br ch 1935, 1936. E [BW]

1898.11.12 = Harkness, Kenneth born in Glasgow, Scotland. Developed rating system. E [BW]

1898.11.24 = Hookham, Henry died in Christchurch. New Zealand ch 1890. E [BW]

1899 = 1st Anglo-American University cable match. E [BW]

1899 = 1st Oxford-Cambridge (3.5) vs American colleges (2.5) match. E [BW]

1899 = 1st use of a flag on a chess clock. E [BW]

1899 = 2nd Nordic Championship, won by J. Moller in Copenhagen. E [BW]

1899 = 4TH Anglo-American match. US 6, GB 4. E [BW]

1899 = Atkins wins 27th Netherlands Ch, Amsterdam. E [BW]

1899 = Blackburne beat Lasker. 1st time a Br player beat a reigning ch. E [BW]

1899 = Branch publishes a SKETCH HISTORY OF CHESS in BCM. E [BW]

1899 = Henneberger win 9th Swiss ch, Lausanne. E [BW]

1899 = King of Italy announces national chess ch; only 1 participant. E [BW]

1899 = Koenig b. Kula, Hungary. IM 1951. Chess author. E [BW]

1899 = LASA; Tassilo von der Lasa d. Weisbaden. Chess historian & theoretician. E [BW]

1899 = Michael wins 3rd South African Ch, Durban. E [BW]

1899 = Paris Chess Club forbids discussion political or religious subjects. E [BW]

1899 = Rogard, Bror born. 2nd president of FIDE. E [BW]

1899 = Smith wins 23rd Canadian Ch in Montreal. E [BW]

1899.01.15 = Dubois, Serafino died in Rome. Elo: 2550 E [BW]

1899.01.28 = Northern Counties' Chess Union formally inaugurated. E [BW]

1899.02.22 = Koch b. Berlin. IM 1950. E. Ger. ch 1951, 1952. E [BW]

1899.03.31 = Start of 16th Scottish Ch, Stirling. E [BW]

1899.04.04 = Mills wins 16th Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1899.04.23 = Nabokov born. E [BW]

1899.06.03 = Macdonnell, George died. E [BW]

1899.07.27 = Heydebrand un der Lasa, Tassilo died in Storchnest, Poland. E [BW]

1899.09.14 = 1st All-Russian chess championship, Moscow, Tchigorin 1st. 14 players. (CHESS 12/49,55)E [BW]

18th Bled Festival Bled SLO 97.03.15 - 97.03.23

19. Vielväterproblem n H.Ebert: [Das Patt im Wenigsteiner, 1978, Wegberg; (20 Pattstücke), S.148,150,193,194 ® Das Vielväterproblem Q (Hilmar Ebert u.a.)

1900 / 1902 - 12. u. 13. Kongreß: München / Hannover. Q Berger / Marco / Schlechter 400 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1900 = Brentano invents Brentano variation of the Ruy Lopez. E [BW]

1900 = CLOCK; Present-day push-button chess clock perfected by Veenhoff. E [BW]

1900 = Cook's chess firm taken over by Jacques and made Staunton sets. E [BW]

1900 = Didier scores 1 out of 16 in Paris. E [BW]

1900 = Grau, Roberto born. South American champion from Argentina. E [BW]

1900 = Hooper Charles Alfred, creater of Ajeeb, died. E [BW]

1900 = Murray writes MODERN DISCOVERIES IN CHESS HISTORY in BCM. E [BW]

1900 = Pillsbury marries. E [BW]

1900 = Pillsbury plays 16 games blindfolded (+11-1=4); a record. E [BW]

1900 = Western Chess Association founded. E [BW]

1900.01.19 = Frere, Thomas died in New York City. Wrote chess handbook. E [BW]

1900.01.29 = Chernev, Irving, chess author, born in Priluki, USSR. E [BW]

1900.02.12 = Gilbert, Ellen (ne Strong) died in Hartford, CT. Corr. player and Queen of Chess. E [BW]

1900.02.12 = Howe, Henry died in Montreal. Canandian ch 1877. E [BW]

1900.04.10 = Herbstmann, Alexander, IM for chess compositions, born in Rostov-Don, Russia. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1959. E [BW]

1900.04.13 = Tylor b. Birmingham. 3-time Br. cr. ch. Only blind player in ol. E [BW]

1900.04.18 = Charousek, Rudolf, Hungarian master, died of TB (age 27) in Nagyteteny, Czechoslovakia. E [BW]

1900.04.29 = Wren, chess author, born in Sherman, Maine. E [BW]

1900.08.12 = Steinitz, former world champion, died in New York in an asylum. E [BW]

1900.08.16 = Fiske publishes THE EARLY HISTORY OF CHESS in the NATION, NY. E [BW]

1900.08.23 = Heinrichsen, Arved died in Vilnius, Lithuania. Heinrichsen opening. E [BW]

1900.09.03 = US Open, Excelsior, Udemann 1st. E [BW]

1900.11.24 = Richter, German international master, born. East German IM 1950. E [BW]

1901 = Didier scores 1/4 out of 13 in Monte Carlo. E [BW]

1901 = Haberditz, Hans born in Austria. Haberditz var. E [BW]

1901 = Makarczyk b. Polish ch 1948. IM 1950. Died 1975. E [BW]

1901 = Minckwitz, Johannnes died. Chess author. Threw himself under a tram. E [BW]

1901 = OWEN; John Owen (born 1827), English player, died. Vicar. Wrote under pseudonum of Alter. E [BW]

1901 = Pillsbury gave a simul blindfold display in Moscow on 22 boards. A. Alekhine's older brother, Alexei, got a draw. E [BW]

1901 = Stanley, American chess author, died. E [BW]

1901 = STEINER; Endre Steiner, Hungarian master, born. E [BW]

1901 = Weber, A. died. 1st to investigate Indian references to chess. E [BW]

1901.01.20 = Gilg, Karl born in Mankendorf, Czechoslovakia. IM 1953. West German. E [BW]

1901.02.09 = Koenig, chess author, born in Kula, Hungary. IM 1951. E [BW]

1901.04.28 = Adams, Weaver American chess master, born in Dedham, Massachusetts. E [BW]

1901.05.20 = Euwe, Max born in Amsterdam. Dutch ch 12 times. World ch 1935-37. GM 1950; IA 1951. FIDE President 1970-78. E [BW]

1901.08.17 = Us Open, Excelsior, Macleod 1st. E [BW]

1901.08.21 = Betbeder, Louis born in Orleans, France. IA 1967. Betbeder variation. E [BW]

1901.11 = BOARD; 1st time chessboard appears with cartesian coordinates in BCM. E [BW]

1901.11 = CAREW; Lady Jane Carew d. Chessplayer who lived in 3 centuries (1797-1901). E [BW]

1902 = Browne writes HISTORY OF PERSIA. E [BW]

1902 = Lasker gets PhD in mathematics. E [BW]

1902 = Last British Amateur ch. Was held 10 times since 1886. E [BW]

1902 = Niemeijer, Meindert born. Dutch chess bibliophile. E [BW]

1902 = Pillsbury plays 22 blindfolded in Moscow. A record. (+17 -1 =4) E [BW]

1902 = Rosenthal, Samuel died. Journalist and chess teacher. E [BW]

1902.02.04 = Congdon, James died in Milwaukee. Elected president of the National Chess Association in 1874. E [BW]

1902.02.11 = Hartong, Jan born in Rotterdam. IMComp 1959. E [BW]

1902.03.16 = Monticelli b. Venice. GME 1985. Italian ch 1929, 34, 39. IM 1950. E [BW]

1902.06 = RADIO; 1st radio match, between two ships in the Atlantic 160 miles apart. E [BW]

1902.06.05 = Kieninger b. German ch 1937, 1940. West German ch 1947. IM 1950. E [BW]

1902.07.27 = Berg, Theodore born in Riga, Latvia. Berg variation. E [BW]

1902.08.09 = Us open, Excelsior, Uedemann 1st. E [BW]

1902.09.01 = KEVITZ; Alexander Kevitz, American player, born. E [BW]

1902.10.03 = Walbrodt, Carl died in Berlin. German ch 1893. Died of TB. Born 1871 E [BW]

1902.11.05 = Boultbee, William died in Toronto. 1892 Canadian Ch. E [BW]

1903 - The Monte Carlo Tournament. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer 112 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1903 / 1914 - Internationales Gambitturnier in Wien / Baden. Q Marco 300 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1903 = Breyer scored 0 out of 18 in Kiev. E [BW]

1903 = Divan chess room closed. E [BW]

1903 = Makovetz, Gyula died. Edited Hungary's first chess magazine. E [BW]

1903 = Moreau scored 0 out of 26 in Monte Carlo. E [BW]

1903 = Piatigorsky, chess patron, born. E [BW]

1903.01.07 = Breuer, Johann born in Cologne. IJComp 1957; IMComp 1973 E [BW]

1903.03.14 = STEINER; Lajos Steiner, Hungarian international master, born in Oradsa. IM 1950. E [BW]

1903.03.20 = Halberstadt, Vitaly born in Odessa. IJComp 1957. Paris ch 1925. E [BW]

1903.03.20 = Pinkus, Albert born in New York. Won Manhattan CC Ch in 1941,1945. E [BW]

1903.08.05 = Bagby, Charles born in Charleston, SC. E [BW]

1903.08.15 = Us Open, Chicago, Judd 1st. E [BW]

1903.08.21 = Fairhurst, William born in Alderley Edge, England. Br. ch 1937. Scottish ch 11 times. E [BW]

1903.08.26 = Bruce, Ronald born in England. E [BW]

1903.09.17 = Koltanowski, honorary IGM (1988),born in Belgium. E [BW]

1904 / 1906 - 14. u. 15. Kongreß: Coburg / Nürnberg. Q Marco / Schlechter / Tarrasch 450 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1984

1904 = Abbott, Hedley born in Davenport, England. 1936-7 NZ Ch. E [BW]

1904 = BCF (British Chess Federation) founded. E [BW]

1904 = HELMS; American Chess Bulletin founded by Herman Helms. E [BW]

1904 = Lommer, greatest british study composer, born in Islington. E [BW]

1904 = Marshall proclaimed U.S. Chess Champion when Pillsbury declined to play due to illness. E [BW]

1904.04.10 = Andersen, Eric born in Gentofte, Denmark.. Danish ch 12 times (8 years in a row). E [BW]

1904.04.25 = Cambridge Springs, PA tourney. Won by Marshall. Tournament book published 35 years later. E [BW]

1904.05.04 = Malmgren b. Avesta. GMC 1953. 2nd in 1953 world corr. ch. E [BW]

1904.05.05 = Crosskill, Alfred died in Beverley, England. Endgame analyst. E [BW]

1904.05.07 = British Chess Federation founded. 1st president, A. Naumann. E [BW]

1904.05.09 = STOLTZ; Gosta Stoltz, Swedish GM, b. Stockholm. Swedish ch 5 times. IM 1950. GM 1954. E [BW]

1904.05.19 = Marshall wins Cambridge Springs, PA tourney. E [BW]

1904.06.04 = Grob, Henry born in Braunau, Austria. Swiss ch 1939, 1951. IM 1950. E [BW]

1904.06.27 = Giers, Paul born in Bonn, Germany. USCF President 1949. E [BW]

1904.07.02 = Lundin b. Stockholm. EGM 1983. Swedish ch 10 times. IM 1950. E [BW]

1904.07.27 = Rudenko, Lyudmila born in Lubni. World women's ch 1949-53. Challenger 1956. E [BW]

1904.08 = 1st British ch since 1872 (32 years). Napier & Atkins tie. Organized by BCF. E [BW]

1904.08 = 1st British Ladies ch. Won by K.B. Finn. E [BW]

1904.08.08 = Bain (Weiser), Mary born in Hungary. Challenger 1937. US women's ch 1951-3. E [BW]

1904.08.22 = 1st day of the BCF Congress, Hastings. E [BW]

1904.08.27 = Makogonov, Vladimir born in the Caucasus. USSR IM 1950. E [BW]

1904.08.29 = MILLS; Daniel Mills d. London. Scottish ch 9 times. Br. amateur ch 1890. E [BW]

1904.09.17 = Fiske, Daniel, American bibliophile, died in Frankfurt. E [BW]

1904.10.03 = Buschke, Albrecht born in Berlin. E [BW]

1904.10.05 = Rice Gambit Association formed at the home of Isaac Rice. E [BW]

1904.10.15 = Akopian, Andranik born in Russia. IA 1965. E [BW]

1904.10.21 = Akerblom, Axel born in Fors Station, Sweden. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967 E [BW]

1904.10.27 = Us Open, St Louis, Mlotkowski 1st. E [BW]

1904.11 = 1st appearance of Lasker's Chess Magazine. E [BW]

1904.11.23 = Rellstab b. W German IM 1950. E [BW]

1904.11.26 = Gunderam, Heinz born in Grossenhain, Germany. E [BW]

1904.12.09 = Santasiere, Anthony American master, born. NY Ch. US Open Ch in 1945. E [BW]

1904.12.12 = Schiffers (b. 1850), Russian master, died. 1st Russian to teach chess. E [BW]

1905 - Barmer Schachverein. Q Marco / John / Mieses 640 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1984

1905 / 1911 / 1916 - Marshall-Tarrasch / Schlechter-T. / T.-Mieses. Q Tarrasch 340 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1982

1905 = 1st Scottish Ladies Ch and won by S. Hutchinson. E [BW]

1905 = Brunet y Bellet, Jose died in Barcelona. E [BW]

1905 = Fiske writes CHESS IN ICELAND, Florence. E [BW]

1905 = Harman, John born in England. Classified chess studies. E [BW]

1905 = Ranken, Charles born. First president of the Oxford University Chess Club. E [BW]

1905 = Shanghai Chess Club founded. E [BW]

1905 = Sultan Khan, british master, born in the Punjab, India. Br ch 1929,32,33. E [BW]

1905.01.06 = Marshall, Frank marries Caroline. E [BW]

1905.01.15 = MASON; James Mason (b. 1849), American chess master, died in London. E [BW]

1905.03.09 = Collins, Ethel Boyd born. E [BW]

1905.03.14 = Heinicke, Herbert born in Porto Alegre, Brazil. W German IM 1953. E [BW]

1905.04.11 = PLATZ; Joseph Platz, American master, born in Cologne. E [BW]

1905.04.15 = Steiner, Herman, US IM, born in Austria-Hungary. US Ch 1948. NY Ch in 1929. US Open ch in 1946. E [BW]

1905.05.26 = Frydman, Paulin born in Poland. IM 1955. Warsaw ch 1931, 1932, 1933, 1936. E [BW]

1905.06 = Mackenzie dies. E [BW]

1905.07.04 = Holloway, Alfred died in Gawler, Australia. Holloway Defense. E [BW]

1905.08 = US Open, Excelsior, Schrader 1st. E [BW]

1905.08.16 = Kristensen b. World blind ch 1963, 1966, 1969. E [BW]

1905.09.11 = de Riviere, Jules died in Paris. Elo: 2450. E [BW]

1905.09.11 = RIVIERE; Jules Armous de Riviere (b. 1830), French master, died. E [BW]

1905.10.20 = Fabel, Karl born in Hamburg. Famous problemist. IJComp 1964; IMComp 1967. E [BW]

1905.11.17 = Erdelyi, Stefan born in Timisoara, Romania. IM 1950. E [BW]

1905.11.19 = Kashdan, Isaac, American GM, born in New York. E [BW]

1905.11.23 = TORRE; Carlos Torre, Mexico's 1st IGM (1977), born in Yucutan, Mexico. E [BW]

1905.11.27 = Goglidze, Victor born in Kutaisi, Russia. IM 1950. Elo: 2430. E [BW]

1905.11.27 = MICHEL; Pablo Michel b. German/Argentinian IM 1956. E [BW]

1905.11.30 = Lipschutz (b. 1863), former US champion, died of lung disease. E [BW]

1905.12.01 = Fraser, George died in Wormit, Scotland. Scottish ch 1898; Fraser Attack. E [BW]

1905.12.11 = Engels, Ludwig born in Dusseldorf. Elo: 2460. Strong German player. E [BW]

1906 = 1st national correspondence association, the British CCA, formed. E [BW]

1906 = Belson, John born. Canadian champion. E [BW]

1906 = Cook writes THE EVOLUTION OF THE CHESS OPENINGS. E [BW]

1906 = Ostend hosts an international women's tournament. E [BW]

1906 = Rice Gambit Assn formed. Em Lasker is secretary. E [BW]

1906 = Sonneborn, Willaim died. E [BW]

1906.01.22 = Acosta-Silva, Manuel born in Venezuala. IA 1957. E [BW]

1906.01.31 = Bonham, Reginald born in St Neats, England. Blind world ch 1958. Cr ch 6 times. E [BW]

1906.02.08 = Gresser, Gisela (ne Kahn) born in Detroit. Challenger 1949-50. WIM 1950. E [BW]

1906.02.16 = Menchik, Woman world ch from 1927 to 1944, born in Moscow. E [BW]

1906.03.27 = PURDY; Cecil J.S. Purdy, Australian corr. GM, born in Port Said. IM 1951. CGM 1953. E [BW]

1906.04.23 = Dunkelblum, Arthur born in Podgorze, Poland. Belgian ch 1949. IM 1957. E [BW]

1906.05 = 1st American Women's Chess Congress, held in New York. E [BW]

1906.05.07 = Judd, former us champion, died. E [BW]

1906.06.10 = Herzfeld, Sebastian died in Vienna, Austria. Physician. Herzfeld defense. E [BW]

1906.06.17 = Pillsbury d. Philadelphia (34). US ch 1897-1906. Ger ch 1900. Died of syphilis. E [BW]

1906.08 = US Open, Chicago, Wolbrecht 1st. E [BW]

1906.08.03 = Broadbent, Reginald born in Durban, South Africa. Br ch 1948, 1950. E [BW]

1906.10 = The Chess Amateur appears. E [BW]

1906.10.12 = Ekstrom, Folke born in Lund, Sweden. IM 1950; IMC 1971. E [BW]

1906.11.01 = PANOV; Vasily Panov, Soviet IM and author, born in Kozelsk. IM 1950. E [BW]

1906.12.15 = SALWE; George Salwe d. Lodz. Russian ch 1906. E [BW]

1906.12.26 = Bolbochan, Jacobo born in Buenos Aires. Argentina ch 1932, 1933. IM 1965. E [BW]

1907 - Ostende / Champion-Turnmier und Internationales Meisterturnier. Q Tarrasch / Teichmann 475 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1907 = GM; Title of grandmaster was 1st used at the Ostend tournament. E [BW]

1907 = PETROV; Vladimir Petrov b. Latvian ch 1934,35,37. Died in prson camp in 1945. E [BW]

1907 = Williams, Ken born. E [BW]

1907 Karlsbad. Q Marco / Schlechter 426 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1907.01.26 = Lasker-Marshall world ch match, NY. E [BW]

1907.02.16 = Chicco, Adriano born in Geneva, Italy. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967. Historian and problemist. E [BW]

1907.04.08 = Lasker beats Marshall, 11.5-3.5, Baltimore. E [BW]

1907.04.11 = Dunst, Theodore, American player, born in New York City. E [BW]

1907.04.15 = Abrahams, Gerald born in Liverpool. Barrister. E [BW]

1907.04.30 = RODL; Ludwig Rodl b. W German IM 1953. E [BW]

1907.05.11 = Gossip, George, player and author, died in Liphook, England. Elo: 2310 E [BW]

1907.06 = Lasker-Marshall match, Lasker won. E [BW]

1907.06.18 = Gereben, Erno (ne Grunfeld) born in Sopron, Hungary. Hungarian/Swiss. IM 1950. E [BW]

1907.08 = US Open, Excelsior, Michelson 1st. E [BW]

1907.08.10 = Coles, Richard born in Kingston-on-Thames, England. Author of chess biographies. E [BW]

1907.08.13 = Statham, chess patron, born. E [BW]

1907.09.23 = Enevoldsen, Jens born in Copenhagen. Danish ch 1940,43,47,48,60. IM 1950. IA 1960. E [BW]

1907.11.15 = Horowitz, Al American IM, born in Brooklyn. IM 1950; IA 1951. E [BW]

1907.11.17 = Gattie, Walter died in Bournemouth, England. Won 1st Br. Amateur Ch 1886. E [BW]

1907.12.19 = Pirc, Yugoslav GM, born in Idrija. 5-time Yug ch. GM 1953. IM 1950. E [BW]

1908 - Wien / Internationales Schachturnier. Q Marco 171 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1908 / 1916 - Lasker-Tarrasch / Weltmeisterschaftskämpfe. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer 240 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1990

1908 = 1st Hauptturnier, German major tourney. E [BW]

1908 = Bronowski, Jacob born. Board 3 at Cambridge. E [BW]

1908 = Grumette, American chess patroness, born. E [BW]

1908 = MENCHIK; Olga Menchik b. Moscow. Challenger 1935, 1937. E [BW]

1908 = Prague International. Draws must be at least 30 moves. E [BW]

1908 = Rauzer, Soviet master, born. E [BW]

1908 = Reti has 16 losses, 3 draws (Vienna). E [BW]

1908 = Sokolsky, Alexei born. E [BW]

1908 = Solkoff, Ephraim born. E [BW]

1908.01.13 = Paoli b. Italian ch 1951,57,68. IM 1951. E [BW]

1908.01.25 = Chigorin, Mikhail, Russian master, died of diabetes in Lublin. Elo: 2600. E [BW]

1908.01.26 = Stahlberg b. Sunte. 11-time Swedish ch. GM 1950. Died 1967. E [BW]

1908.03.02 = Aronson, Eva born in Linkoping, Sweden. WIM 1972. E [BW]

1908.03.28 = Clemenz, Hermann died in Tartu, Estonia. Clemenz Opening. E [BW]

1908.04.11 = Bird, Henry died in London. Leading British amateur player. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1908.05.15 = Diemer, Emil, German player, born in Radolfzell, Germany. E [BW]

1908.05.22 = Korn, chess author, born in Prague. E [BW]

1908.07.03 = 1st game by wireless telegraphy between 2 ocean liners. (BCM 1974,111) E [BW]

1908.08 = US Open, Excelsior, Elliot 1st. E [BW]

1908.08.05 = Hanauer, Milton born in Harrison, NY. E [BW]

1908.08.17 = Lasker-Tarrasch world ch match, Dusseldorf. E [BW]

1908.09.30 = Lasker beats Tarrasch, 10.5-5.5, Munich. E [BW]

1908.10.08 = Ragozin, Soviet GM, born. GM 1950. Died 1962. E [BW]

1908.10.13 = Foltys, Jan born in Svinov, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1943. IM 1950. Died in 1952. E [BW]

1908.10.27 = Aitken, James born in Calderbank, Scotland.. Scottish ch 10 times. London ch 1950. E [BW]

1908.11.18 = Guliaev, Alexander (ne Grin) born in Moscow. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1974; GMComp 1988. E [BW]

1908.11.21 = Flohr, Salo, Soviet GM, born in Horodenka, Ukraine. GM 1950. IA 1963. E [BW]

1908.12.22 = Chekhover, Vitaly born in St Petersburg. IM 1950; IJComp 1956; IMComp 1961 E [BW]

1909 = Capablanca played 720 games in a simul tour, 686 wins, 20 draws, 14 losses. E [BW]

1909 = Correspondence Chess League of America (CCLA) founded. E [BW]

1909 = Cunningham, George born. died in 1993. E [BW]

1909 = Lisitzin b. IM 1950. E [BW]

1909 = Marshall defeats Showalter in match for U.S. Championship. E [BW]

1909 = Rejfir b. Czech IM 1956. Died in 1962. E [BW]

1909 = St Petersburg; Lasker & Rubinstein tie for 1st E [BW]

1909 = Swiderski, Rudolf died. Committed suicide. E [BW]

1909 = Tennison, Otto born. Tennison gambit. Civil war commander. E [BW]

1909 n. Chr. Der 17jährige A. Aljechin gewann die russische Meisterschaft. [GH]

1909.01 = LASKER; End of Lasker's Chess Magazine. E [BW]

1909.01.10 = Holford, John born. 1945-46 South African co-champ. E [BW]

1909.02.22 = Delmar, Eugene died in New York City. Elo 2420. Delmar var. E [BW]

1909.03.21 = Gottschall, Rudolf died in Leipzig, Poland. Founder of the German chess federation. E [BW]

1909.03.28 = Fiske, William born in Syracuse, NY. Chess player, musician, and chess columnist. E [BW]

1909.04.19 = Alexander, Conel born in Cork. Br ch 1938, 1956. IM 1950; IMC 1970. Elo: 2475 E [BW]

1909.05.04 = Kan, Soviet IM, born. IM 1950. E [BW]

1909.05.14 = Alatortsev, Vladimir born in St Petersburg. IM 1950; IA 1953; HGM 1983. Elo: 2480 E [BW]

1909.05.21 = Endzelins, Lucius born in Tartu, Estonia. GMC 1959. 2nd in the World cr ch 1956-9. Australian ch 1961. E [BW]

1909.06.07 = Porat born. Palestine ch 1937. Israeli ch 1953,57,59,63. IM 1952. E [BW]

1909.06.26 = Eisinger Jr, Max born in Germany. Eisinger var. E [BW]

1909.06.30 = Dubinen, Peter born in Gorky. GMC 1962. 2nd in 1962 world cr ch. IM 1950. USSR Corr. Ch 1957. E [BW]

1909.07.01 = LARSEN; I. Larsen b. Challenger 1937, 39, 49. Danish women's ch 17 times. E [BW]

1909.07.13 = Wood b. Sheffiled. Br cr ch 1945. Editor of CHESS. E [BW]

1909.08 = Us Open, Excelsior, Chajes 1st. E [BW]

1909.08.17 = Barda, Olaf born in Norway. 6-time Norwegian ch. IM 1952; GMC 1953 E [BW]

1909.08.20 = Rubtsova b. Moscow. Women's world ch 1956-8. Corr ch 1971. E [BW]

1909.08.25 = Battell, Jack American chess corres. organizer, born in New York City. E [BW]

1909.09.14 = Bron, Vladimir born in Nikolaev, Ukraine. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1966; GMComp 1975. E [BW]

1909.10.30 = Forsythe, David died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Invented Forsythe notation. E [BW]

1909.12.16 = Vidmar, Milan Jr. born. Yug IM 1950. E [BW]

1910 - Schlechter vs. Lasker. Q Hagemann 59 Seiten - kartoniert - Promos 1995

1910 = 1st match between England & Netherlands, Kent. England won. E [BW]

1910 = Belavenets, Sergey born in Russia. Moscow ch 1932, 1937, 1938. E [BW]

1910 = Klein b. Br ch 1951. E [BW]

1910 = Krejcik took on 25 players on his 25th birthday. Went 0 out of 25. E [BW]

1910 = Napolitano, Mario born. ICCG 1953. E [BW]

1910 = Schwarz, Adolf born. Hungarian-born player. E [BW]

1910 = Tolstoy, Leo born. Russian chess novelist and chess fanatic. E [BW]

1910 = Velimirovic, Jovanka born. Yugoslavia's 1st woman ch. D. Velimirovic's mother. E [BW]

1910.01.07 = Lasker-Schlechter world ch match, Vienna. E [BW]

1910.01.27 = Reinfeld born in New York. Died 1964. Twice NY ch. Wrote 100 books. E [BW]

1910.02.03 = Czerniak, Moshe born in Warsaw. Palestine ch 1936. Israeli ch 1955. IM 1952. E [BW]

1910.02.09 = Book, Eero born in Helsinki. IM 1950. IA 1981; HGM 1984. Finnish ch. E [BW]

1910.02.10 = Lasker defeats Schlecter in 10th match game to retain title, Berlin. E [BW]

1910.02.19 = Fuster, Geza born in Budapest. IM 1969. E [BW]

1910.02.19 = Konstantinopolsky b. Zhitomin. Won 1st USSR cr ch 1951. IM 1950. E [BW]

1910.02.24 = Kottnauer b. IM 1950. E [BW]

1910.02.27 = Kasparyan, GM for chess compositions, b. 10-time Armenian ch. E [BW]

1910.02.28 = Rossolimo, US GM, born in Kiev. Paris ch 10 times. IM 1950. GM 1953. E [BW]

1910.04.08 = Dake, Arthur born in Portland. IM 1954; HGM 1986. Oldest GM. E [BW]

1910.04.15 = Najdorf, Argentinan GM, b. Warsaw. GM 1950. Argentinian ch 1950,51,55,60,66,75. E [BW]

1910.04.17 = Mikenas, Lithuanian ch 1936,47,48,61, born in Estonia. IM 1950. E [BW]

1910.04.28 = Paros, world's leading composer of helpmates, born in Hungary. E [BW]

1910.05.01 = Tolush b. St Petersburg. Leningrad ch 4 times. GM 1953. E [BW]

1910.05.11 = Kaila b. Finnish ch 1939,54. IM 1952. E [BW]

1910.08 = US Open, Chicago, Wolbrecht 1st. E [BW]

1910.08.13 = Clarke, Richard, creator of the British system of grading, born in England. E [BW]

1910.08.30 = Gorgiev, Tigran born in Jizliar, Russia. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1969. E [BW]

1910.08.31 = Trifunovic, Yugoslavian IGM (1953), born. Yug ch 5 times. IM 1950. E [BW]

1910.09.17 = Mikenas, Vladas b. HGM 1987 (Russia). E [BW]

1910.10 = Lasker-Schlecter match. E [BW]

1910.11.08 = Lasker-Janowski world ch match, Berlin. E [BW]

1910.12.08 = Lasker beats Janowski, 9.5-1.5, Berlin. E [BW]

1910.12.21 = Andreaschek, Karl died in Czechoslovakia. Gambit named after him. E [BW]

1911 - Karlsbad. Q Vidmar 390 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1911 = 1st appearance of 'modern chess openings.' E [BW]

1911 = 1st time a player played 100 opponents simultaneously (Fahrni-Munich) E [BW]

1911 = 1st time players reimbursed for their travels - San Sebastian. E [BW]

1911 = Anderson, Peter born in Scotland. 1954 Scottish ch. E [BW]

1911 = CABLE; Last cable match between US and UK. E [BW]

1911 = Finland is 1st country to organize chess for students. E [BW]

1911 = Hungarian Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1911 = Konig died. Born in 1836. Bohemian composer of chess problems. E [BW]

1911 = Mortimer, James died. Chess journalist. Caught pneumonia at a chess tournament. E [BW]

1911 = Rothschild, Albert died. Chess patron. E [BW]

1911 = Yakimchik, Vitold born. Soviet chess composer. E [BW]

1911 und 1912 - San Sebastian. Q Miese / Lewitt 310 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1982

1911.02.09 = Duras lost to Janowski after 161 moves, one of the longest games. E [BW]

1911.02.19 = 1st day of San Sebastian tourney. 1st appearance of Capa in Europe. He took 1st. E [BW]

1911.02.22 = Bartmanski, Henryk died in Poland. Bartmanski variation E [BW]

1911.03.01 = Golombek, Harry born in London. IM 1950; IA 1954; HGM 1985. 4-time British ch. E [BW]

1911.04.10 = Capablanca defeats Lasker to become world champion. E [BW]

1911.04.10 = Loyd, America's most famous chess composer, died in Brooklyn. E [BW]

1911.05.05 = Lilienthal, Soviet GM, born in Moscow. USSR ch 1940. GM 1950. E [BW]

1911.05.17 = O'Kelly de Galway b. Brussels. GM 1956. World cr ch 1952. CGM 1962 E [BW]

1911.05.29 = Heidenfeld, Wolfgang born in Berlin. S African ch 8 times; Irish ch 6 times. E [BW]

1911.06.08 = Yudovich, Soviet IM and author, born. E [BW]

1911.06.14 = Abramov, Lev born in Russia. IA 1957; IMC 1979. E [BW]

1911.07.13 = Bernstein, Sidney born in New York City. Author. E [BW]

1911.08 = US Open, Excelsior, Blacke 1st. E [BW]

1911.08.13 = Florian, Jaromir born. E [BW]

1911.08.15 = Vaitonis b. Lithuanian ch 1934,37,42,43,44. Canadian ch 1951,57. IM 1952. E [BW]

1911.08.17 = Botvinnik, Mikhail born Kuokkala (now Repino), Russia. GM 1950; IJComp 1956. E [BW]

1911.08.21 = Barcza, Gedeon born in Kisujszallas, Hungary. IM 1950; GM 1954; IMC 1966. E [BW]

1911.10.20 = Cozens, William born in Longstock, England. Author. E [BW]

1911.11.26 = Reshevsky, US GM, born in Ozorkow, Poland. 6-time US ch. D. 1992 E [BW]

1911.12.09 = Nikolai Novoteinov b. IM 1950. E [BW]

1912 = Abbazia (now Opatija) tournament held. All games were King's Gambit Accepted. E [BW]

1912 = Dawson invents the Grasshopper, most common Fairy chesspiece. E [BW]

1912 = Maurian d. Born in 1838. Played Morphy many times. E [BW]

1912 = Nezhmetdinov, Rashid born. Wrote 1st Tatar chess book in 1953. E [BW]

1912 = Uedemann, Louis died. Born 1854. Invented Udemann code which is really the Gringmuth notation. E [BW]

1912. = Cox, Thomas born in Ireland. Irish ch in 1937, 1938. E [BW]

1912.01.15 = Fritz, Jindrich born in Prague. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1966; GMComp 1975. E [BW]

1912.02 = MCO; 1st edition of MCO. E [BW]

1912.05.07 = Dunhaupt, Heinz born in Buckeburg, Germany. IMC 1963; GMC 1973. E [BW]

1912.05.23 = Ahman, Harry born in Malmberget, Sweden. IMC 1979. E [BW]

1912.06.22 = Bidev, Pavle born in Prijepolje, Yugoslavia. Chess historian. E [BW]

1912.07.12 = Cramer, Fred born in Milwaukee. Past USCF President. E [BW]

1912.07.28 = Veresov, Gavril, Soviet player, born. E [BW]

1912.08 = Us Open, Excelsior, Elliott 1st. E [BW]

1912.08.16 = Combe, Robert born in Logie-Buchan, Scotland. Br ch 1946. E [BW]

1912.09.23 = Collins, John born in Newburgh, New York. Chess teacher. Won 1952 NY Ch. E [BW]

1912.10.12 = Ascher, Jacob died in New York City. E [BW]

1912.10.16 = Ahmad, Iqbal born in Pakistan. IMC 1965. E [BW]

1912.12.15 = Neimetdinov b. 1st USSR Master in chess and checkers. IM 1954. Wrote 1st chess book in Tatar language. E [BW]

1913 = Been, Jan born in Amsterdam. Been variation E [BW]

1913 = Capablanca goes 13-0 in New York tournament. E [BW]

1913 = Flores, Rodrigo born in Santiago, Chile. Chilean player who won 1946-47 Marshall CC Ch. Chilean ch. E [BW]

1913 = MURRAY; "History of chess" by H.J.R. Murray published by Oxford U Press. E [BW]

1913 = Perlis, Julius died after an Alpine climb. E [BW]

1913 = Szily b. Hungarian IM 1950. Died 1976. E [BW]

1913.01.17 = Loshinsky, greatest chess composer, born. E [BW]

1913.01.27 = Prins b. Amsterdam. Dutch GM 1982. Netherland ch 1965. IM 1950. E [BW]

1913.03.30 = Haring, Jacobus born in Hoorn, Netherlands. IJComp 1964; IMComp 1968; GMComp 1990. E [BW]

1913.04 = Rard b. Viljandi. Estonian ch 1934, 1938-39. E [BW]

1913.04.06 = Guimard, Carlos, Argentine gm, born. IM 1950. GM 1960. Argentine ch 1947,49,53. E [BW]

1913.05.10 = Bourke, Austin born in Ireland. 1951 Irish ch. E [BW]

1913.05.12 = Bondarevsky, Igor born in Rostov-on-Don. USSR ch 1940. GM 1950; IA 1954; GMC 1961 E [BW]

1913.05.14 = Cordel, Oscar died in Berlin. Cordel var. E [BW]

1913.08 = US Open, Chicago, Jefferson 1st. E [BW]

1913.08.09 = Bely, Miklos born in Budapest. Hungarian IM 1956. E [BW]

1913.08.12 = Kotov b. Yula. USSR 1948. GM 1950. Candidate 1950, 1953. E [BW]

1913.08.17 = Cohn, Wilhelm died in Berlin. Professional player. E [BW]

1913.08.17 = Muhring b. Dutch IM 1951. E [BW]

1913.08.28 = Hoffer, Leopold died in London. Editor of the Chess Monthly. E [BW]

1913.11.04 = Bikova, (Bykova) Elizaveta born in Bogoliubovo, Russia. WIM 1950; IM 1953; WGM 1976; World ch 1953-6, 1958-62. E [BW]

1914 - St. Petersburg. Q Tarrasch 192 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1989

1914 = 1st time chess appeared in a film, The Wishing Ring. E [BW]

1914 = 1st time the term fairy chess used for heterodox problems. E [BW]

1914 = All-Russian Chess Federation founded (865 members). E [BW]

1914 = Bastrikov, Georgy born in Russia. E [BW]

1914 = Blackburne tied for 1st at Br ch at age 72. E [BW]

1914 = Burille, Constant Ferdinand died in Boston. Operated Ajeeb in the United States. E [BW]

1914.01.08 = Pilnik, Argentine GM, born in Germany. IM 1950. GM 1952. E [BW]

1914.01.15 = Kluber b. Hungarian IM 1954. E [BW]

1914.02.21 = Denker, Arnold born in New York City. US ch 1944. IM 1950. HGM 1981. E [BW]

1914.03.06 = Van Scheltinga b. Dutch IM 1965. E [BW]

1914.03.08 = Neikirch born. Bulgarian ch 1937,38,48,53,57. IM 1952. E [BW]

1914.04.14 = Banfalvi, Sandor (ne Brilla) born in Cehal, Romania. IMC 1967; GMC 1979. E [BW]

1914.04.21 = Blackburne's last tournament, St Petersburg (age 72). E [BW]

1914.04.21 = St Petersburg International starts. E [BW]

1914.05.22 = Lasker wins St. Petersberg International. E [BW]

1914.05.22 = Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia, confers the grandmaster title to 5 finalists. E [BW]

1914.06.27 = Baturinsky, Victor born in Russia. E [BW]

1914.06.28 = Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated at Sarajevo. E [BW]

1914.07.20 = Mannheim is host of the 19th congress of the German Chess Federation. E [BW]

1914.07.20 = Norwegian Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1914.08 = Us Open, Memphis, Jefferson 1st. E [BW]

1914.08.01 = Germany declared war on France and Russia. World War I began. E [BW]

1914.08.01 = Last round of Mannheim tournament. Alekhine leads 9.5 - 1.5. E [BW]

1914.10.11 = Fine, Reuben born in Manhattan. 1st at AVRO 1938. GM 1950. E [BW]

1914.10.20 = Hay, David died in Melbourne. 1879 New Zealand co-champ. E [BW]

1914.10.20 = Karff b. Challenger 1937, 1939, 1949. WIM 1950. E [BW]

1914.10.26 = de Groot, Adrianus born in Santpoort, Netherlands. E [BW]

1914.12.16 = Graf-Stevenson, Sonja born in Germany. WIM 1950. US Women's ch 1964. E [BW]

1915 = Cavallotti, Mattia died in Milan. Cavallotti Countergambit. E [BW]

1915 = Marshall Chess Divan started by Frank Marshall. Forerunner to Marshall Chess Club. E [BW]

1915 = Wilson d. Born 1843. invented 1st mechanical chess clock. Died of cholera. E [BW]

1915.02.21 = Letelier b. Chile IM 1960. E [BW]

1915.02.25 = Andersson, Bertil born in Sweden. 1958 Swedish corr. ch. E [BW]

1915.03 = Thomas wins the London ch. E [BW]

1915.03.03 = Plater b. Polish ch 1949,56,57. IM 1950. E [BW]

1915.03.19 = Cook, Eugene died in Hoboken, NJ. 1st American composer of note. E [BW]

1915.04.15 = Arvidsson, Egon born in Sweden. 1953 Swedish corr. ch. E [BW]

1915.04.20 = Ujelky b. Czech IM 1961. Lawyer. E [BW]

1915.06.09 = Ahman, Ernst born in Sweden. 1948 Swedish ch. E [BW]

1915.06.14 = Cortlever, Nicolaas born in Amsterdam. Dutch IM 1950. E [BW]

1915.08 = US Open, Excelsior, Showalter 1st. E [BW]

1915.08.30 = Albrecht, Hermann born in Marburg, Germany. IJComp 1957. E [BW]

1915.08.31 = Hooper, David born in Reigate, England. Br cr ch 1944. London ch 1948. E [BW]

1915.09.21 = Letelier born. E [BW]

1915.11.02 = Rice, chess patron, died. E [BW]

1916 = 1st analysis and play of the Budapest Gambit. E [BW]

1916 = Dilworth, Vernon born in England. Dilworth var. E [BW]

1916 = Kostich played 20 blindfold games simultaneously; a record. E [BW]

1916 = Tarrasch-Mieses match; prize was 1/2 pound of butter. E [BW]

1916.01.07 = Keres born. E [BW]

1916.02.04 = Trolanescu b. Romanian ch 1946,54,56,57. IM 1950. E [BW]

1916.05.15 = Castaldi, Vincenzo born in Marradi, Italy. IM 1950. Italian ch 1936. E [BW]

1916.07.26 = Charlick, Henry, 1st Australian chess champion (1887), died in Adelaide. E [BW]

1916.08 = US Open, Chicago, Ed Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1916.08.20 = Schmidt, Paul b. Estonian ch 1935,37. German ch 1941. IM 1950. E [BW]

1916.11.14 = 1st time Budapest G. played competitively, Breyer-Esser. E [BW]

1916.11.18 = Cuellar-Gacharna, Miguel born in Columbia. IM 1957. E [BW]

1917 = Sanchez b. Columbian IM 1951. E [BW]

1917.01.19 = Gledhill, Walter died in Harrogate, England. Gledhill Attack. E [BW]

1917.03.17 = Brentano, Franz died in Zurich. Published analysis on openings. E [BW]

1917.03.19 = Szabo b. Budapest. 9-time Hungarian ch. GM 1950. E [BW]

1917.05.29 = Bullockus, Ted born in New York City. E [BW]

1917.06.03 = Coons, Everett born in Rochester, NY. Coons pairing system. E [BW]

1917.06.11 = Arlauskas, Romanas born in Kuanas, Lithuania. GMC 1965. E [BW]

1917.07.08 = Foldeak, Arpad born in Szob, Hungary. IJComp 1964. E [BW]

1917.07.15 = Gonzalez, Juan born. E [BW]

1917.07.16 = Hruby, Vincenz died in Trieste, Italy. Elo: 2480. E [BW]

1917.08 = US Open, Lexington, Ed Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1917.08.25 = Cook, William born in Bristol, England. Wrote opening book. Cook var. E [BW]

1917.11.27 = Kramer b. Dutch IM 1954. E [BW]

1918 - Kerkau-Palast Berlin. Q Lasker 39 Seiten - kartoniert - Carl Verlag

1918 = British chess problem society formed. E [BW]

1918 = Pachman, Vladimir born. Brother is Ludek. IGCComp 1975. E [BW]

1918 = Tarrash played a chess match for a kilo of butter. E [BW]

1918.02.15 = Atiashev, Peter born in Russia. 1955 Russian corr. ch. E [BW]

1918.03.07 = Katetov b. Czech IM 1950. E [BW]

1918.08 = Us Open, Chicago, Kostic 1st. E [BW]

1918.08.23 = Cohn, Eric died in Germany. Elo: 2480 Medical doctor. E [BW]

1918.10.23 = Marshall debuts the Marshall attack against Capablanca. E [BW]

1918.12.14 = Ojanen b. Finnsh ch 1950-53,1957-62, 1967. IM 1952. E [BW]

1918.12.19 = Blau, Max born in Munich. IM 1953. Swiss ch 1953,55,56,67. E [BW]

1918.12.27 = Schlechter, Viennese master, died of pneumonia and starvation in Budapest. E [BW]

1919 = 64 magazine founded. E [BW]

1919 = Reti plays 24 blindfolded in Haarlem, Netherlands (+12 -3 =9). E [BW]

1919 = Taubenhaus, Jean died. Operated Mephisto. E [BW]

1919.01.26 = Grundy, James died in Manchester, England. E [BW]

1919.02.25 = Beechey, Frideswide died in Bray, Ireland. Woman composer. E [BW]

1919.02.25 = ROWLAND; Frideswide Beechey Rowland died. Famous woman problemist & columnist. E [BW]

1919.02.27 = Kasparian b. IM 1950. GMC 1972. Armenian ch. E [BW]

1919.03.02 = Florian, Tibor (ne Feldman) born in Budapest. Hungarian ch 1945. IM 1950. Hungarin ch 1945. E [BW]

1919.03.09 = Chaude de Silans, Chantal born in Versailles. WIM 1950. E [BW]

1919.03.09 = Silans b. Versailles. Played in men's ol 1950. E [BW]

1919.04.09 = Schallopp died. E [BW]

1919.04.16 = Altschuler, Roman born in Kursk, Russia. IMC 1967. E [BW]

1919.05.14 = Wagman, Stuart born. E [BW]

1919.05.15 = Bruce, Mary (ne Drew) born in Plymouth, England. World jr women's ch 1935. WIM 1951. E [BW]

1919.06.09 = Boleslavsky, Isaak born in Zolotonobna, Russia. GM 1950. E [BW]

1919.06.21 = Simagin b. Moscow. GM 1962. USSR ch 1964. IM 1950. E [BW]

1919.08 = Us Open, Cincinnati, Ed Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1919.09.27 = Rabar, developer of opening indexes, born in Yugoslavia. IM 1950. Yug ch 1951. E [BW]

1919.09.29 = Zvorikina born. 5-time USSR women's ch. Challenger 1960. E [BW]

1919.10.02 = Medina b. Spanish ch 1944-1950, 1952, 1963. Venezuelan ch 1955,56,58. IM 1950. E [BW]

1919.11.08 = British Chess Problem Society formed. E [BW]

1919.11.27 = Bent, Charles born in Southsea, England. One of England's finest composers. E [BW]

1919.12.02 = Capa played a team of 38 members of the House of Commons. w 36, d 2. E [BW]

1919.12.03 = Heemskerk, Fenny born in Amsterdam. WIM 1950; WGM 1977. E [BW]

1920 = Alekhine wins 1st USSR championship. E [BW]

1920 = Belgium Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1920 = Rotlewi, Gerz died. Polish player. E [BW]

1920.01.12 = Winawer (b. 1838), Polish master, d. Warsaw. German ch 1883. E [BW]

1920.01.19 = Donnelly, Ruth born. E [BW]

1920.01.20 = Borisenko, Valentina (ne Belova) born in Vologda, Russia. Challenger 1949. USSR women's ch 5 times. WIM 1950; WGM 1978. E [BW]

1920.01.28 = Belova, Valentina born in Cherepovets, Russia. WIM 1950; WGM 1978. E [BW]

1920.02.01 = Albin, Adolf died in Vienna. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1920.03.20 = Bolbochan, Julio born in Buenos Aires. IM 1950; GM 1977. Argentine ch 1938,46,48. E [BW]

1920.04.17 = Hunt, Joseph died in Wolverhampton, England. Hunt opening. E [BW]

1920.04.23 = Crane, William died in Stanmore, Australia. Australian ch 1888, 1897. E [BW]

1920.06.02 = Heyde, Albert died in Aberdeen, WA. Editor. Heyde var. E [BW]

1920.07.20 = Aronin, Lev born in Samara, Russia. IM 1950. Moscow ch 1965. Meterologist. E [BW]

1920.08 = US Open, Memphis, Ed Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1920.08.13 = Edmondson, Edmund, us chess organizer born in Rochester, NY. USCF President 1963. USCF executive director 1967. E [BW]

1920.09.08 = PEREZ; Francisco Perez Perez b. Spanish ch 1946,48,54,60. IM 1959. Lives in Cuba. E [BW]

1920.09.11 = Udovcic born. Yugo ch 1963. GM 1952. IM 1957. E [BW]

1920.09.20 = Italian Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1920.10.07 = Seidman, Herbert born in NY. Intercollegiate Ch 1941. Marshall CC Champ. E [BW]

1920.11.03 = Reshevsky enters the US. E [BW]

1920.12 = 1st Hastings Christmas Chess Congress (won by Yates). E [BW]

1920.12.01 = Furman, Semen born in Moscow. IM 1954; GM 1966. Leningrad ch 1954, 1957. E [BW]

1920.12.15 = Caro, Horatio died in London. Published analysis of the Caro-Kann in 1886. Elo: 2470. E [BW]

1921 / 1921 / 1923 20. - 23. Kongreß: Berlin / Hamburg / Oeynhausen. Q Dimer / Post / Schlage 690 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1921 = Alekhine introduces Alekhine's Defense in Budapest. E [BW]

1921 = Breyer set new blindfold record, 25 opponents (+15=7-3) E [BW]

1921 = French Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1921 = Gumpel, Charles, builder of Mephisto, died in England. E [BW]

1921.02.06 = Kazic born. Journalist, arbiter. E [BW]

1921.02.10 = Levy, Louis born. E [BW]

1921.02.16 = Fichtl, Jiri born in Brno, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1950, 1960. IM 1959. E [BW]

1921.02.20 = Shocron, Ruben born. E [BW]

1921.03.15 = Lasker-Capablanca world championship match, Havana. E [BW]

1921.03.24 = Smyslov born. E [BW]

1921.04.09 = Puc, Yugoslavian IGM, born. IM 1950. E [BW]

1921.04.10 = Wade b. Dunedin, NZ. Br ch 1952, 1970. 3-time NZ ch. E [BW]

1921.04.28 = Capa beats Lasker, 9-5, Havana. E [BW]

1921.04.30 = Ilivitsky b. USSR IM 1955. E [BW]

1921.04.30 = Lasker writes that the end of chess is in sight (BCM 1980,613) E [BW]

1921.06 = Capablanca-Lasker match, won by Capablanca. Lasker ch for 26.8 yrs. E [BW]

1921.06.27 = Reshevsky plays 20-game simul in LA. E [BW]

1921.07.04 = Szilagyi b. Hngarian IM 1956. E [BW]

1921.08 = US Open, Cleveland, Ed Lasker 1st. E [BW]

1921.09.04 = Adams, John born in England. IMC 1976. E [BW]

1921.09.22 = Nadareishvili, soviet IGM of chess compositions, born. E [BW]

1921.10.20 = Lehmann b. W German IM 1961. E [BW]

1921.11.09 = Breyer, Gyula Hungarian master, died in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. Heart attack. E [BW]

1921.12.03 = Sajtor b. Czech IM 1950. FIDE VP in 1956. E [BW]

1922 - Bad Piestany / Julius Breyer-Memorial. Q Kagan 190 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1987

1922 = Australian Chess Federation formed. E [BW]

1922 = Grunfeld introduces the Grunfeld defense against Kolisch at Teplitz. E [BW]

1922 = Hutton pairing system 1st used in Britain in Counties corr. ch. E [BW]

1922 = Lucena proved to be the author of the Gottingen manuscript. E [BW]

1922 = Marshall Chess Club incorporated. E [BW]

1922 = Saavedra, author of the most famous of all studies, died. A monk. E [BW]

1922 = Scheve, Theodor von died. German player. E [BW]

1922 = Visserman, Eeltje born. One of 1st four to be awarded IGCC when it was introduced in 1972. E [BW]

1922.01 = Marshall played 155 games simultaneously in Montreal; won 126, drew 21, lost 8. E [BW]

1922.02. = Benima, Levi died in Amsterdam. Dutch champion in 1881, 1883. E [BW]

1922.02.04 = Capa plays 103 players, winning 102, drawing 1, in Cleveland. E [BW]

1922.02.04 = Sliwa, Polish IGM (1987), born. Polish ch 1946,51,52,53,54,60. IM 1953. E [BW]

1922.02.08 = Averbakh, Yuri born in Kaluga, Russia. IM 1951; GM 1952. IJComp 1956; IA 1969; USSR ch 1954. Prez of USSR Chess Fed (1973-1978) E [BW]

1922.02.16 = Teschner, German master and author, born. W German ch 1951. IM 1957. E [BW]

1922.02.25 = Borisenko, Georgy born in Kharkov, Ukraine. 2nd in 4th world corr ch 1962-4. IMC 1961; GMC 1966. E [BW]

1922.03.02 = Ahues, Herbert born in Berlin. IJComp 1962; IMComp 1976. GMComp 1989. E [BW]

1922.03.14 = Arnlind, Eric born in Arnas, Sweden. IMC 1959; GMC 1968. E [BW]

1922.04.09 = Brglez, Francek born in Cadram, Yugoslavia. IA 1970; IMC 1974; GMC 1979. E [BW]

1922.05 = Watkinson elected pres. of Huddersfield CC. 1st elected in 1853. E [BW]

1922.07.25 = Edwards, Joseph died in Dunedin, New Zealand. E [BW]

1922.08 = Smederevac b. Yug IM 1965. E [BW]

1922.08 = US Open, Louisville, Factor 1st. E [BW]

1922.09.02 = Christoffel, Martin born. Swiss ch 1942,43,45,48,52. IM 1952. E [BW]

1922.09.08 = Rossetto, Argentine IGM born. IM 1950. GM 1960. E [BW]

1922.10.08 = Hunter, Charles born in England. Br cr ch '61. World's fastest speaker. IMC 1967. E [BW]

1922.10.25 = Averby, Rune born in Sweden. 1973 Swedish corr. ch. E [BW]

1923 - Karlsbad. Q 1) Kagan 199 Seiten - roter Leinen gebunden - BCM 1977 2) Kagan 198 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1988

1923 - Mährisch Ostrau. Q Kagan 108 Seiten - grüner Leinen gebunden – BCM

1923 = Duchamp abandoned art for chess. E [BW]

1923 = Koltanowski wins Belgium ch. E [BW]

1923 = Marshall successfully defended his title in a match with Edward Lasker, by a score of 5-4. E [BW]

1923 = Milner-Berry becomes 1st British Boy Ch. E [BW]

1923 = Thomas is British Chess Ch and British Badminton Ch. E [BW]

1923.01.01 = Khenkin, Victor b. Russian. HGM 1992. E [BW]

1923.02.02 = Gligoric born in Belgrade. 12-time Yugo ch. IM 1950; GM 1951. E [BW]

1923.02.15 = Hasin b. USSR IM 1964. E [BW]

1923.04.19 = Dombrovskis, Alfreds born in Aizpute, Latvia. IJComp 1956. E [BW]

1923.04.21 = Estrin, Yakov born in Moscow. World cr ch 1975. IMC 1965; GMC 1966; IM 1975; GM 1984. E [BW]

1923.05.09 = Durkin, Robert born in Milwaukee. Durkin opening. E [BW]

1923.06.01 = Shamkovich, Leonid born in Rostov-Don, USSR. IM 1962. GM 1965. Left USSR in 1974. E [BW]

1923.06.02 = Beni, Alfred born in Vienna. IM 1951. E [BW]

1923.06.14 = Pfeiffer b. W German ch 1964. IM 1957. E [BW]

1923.07.06 = Cleland, Robert died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Won the 12th NZ Ch in 1899. E [BW]

1923.07.08 = Janosevic, Yugoslavian IGM, born. IM 1964. GM 1965. E [BW]

1923.07.15 = Alapin, Simon died in Heidelberg. Elo: 2500 E [BW]

1923.08 = US Open, San Francisco, Whitaker & Mlotkowski 1st. E [BW]

1923.08.29 = Marco (b. 1863) died in Vienna. E [BW]

1923.09.26 = Boren, Per died in Malarhojden, Sweden. Boren variation. E [BW]

1923.10.13 = Foguelman, Alberto born in Buenos Aires. IM 1963. E [BW]

1923.12.04 = Nedeljkovic b. Yugoslav IM 1950. E [BW]

1923.12.19 = Watkinson died. Founder of the British Chess Magazine. E [BW]

1923.12.24 = Pilnick, Carl born. E [BW]

1923.12.30 = Hanham, James died in New York City. Introduced the Hanham variation in 1889. Major, USA. E [BW]

1924 = 1st American to beat soviet player in international comp. - Marshall. E [BW]

1924 = 1st use of the term Indian defense, coined by Tartakower. E [BW]

1924 = 1st World Amateur ch. 1st = Mattison (Latvia). E [BW]

1924 = Atkins wins his 8th British ch; Southport. E [BW]

1924 = USSR; The State takes over the control of chess in the USSR. E [BW]

1924 n. Chr. Tschechoslowakei gewann die erste Schacholympiade. [GH]

1924.01.01 = Junge, German champion, b. Conception, Chile. Ger ch 1941. E [BW]

1924.01.08 = Guidelli, Giorgio died in Rome of pneumonia. Composer. E [BW]

1924.01.22 = Sarapu b. Narva. Won New Zealand ch 16 times. IM 1966. E [BW]

1924.01.31 = Bardeleben, Curt died in Berlin. Jumped out window; suicide. E [BW]

1924.02.01 = Baird (Winter Wood), Edith died in Paignton, England. E [BW]

1924.02.12 = Van den Berg b. Dutch IM 1963. Died 1971. E [BW]

1924.02.16 = Barendregt, Johan born in Nieuwerkerk, Netherlands. IM 1962. Prof of psychology. E [BW]

1924.02.19 = Bronstein, David born near Kiev. GM 1950. USSR Ch 1948,49. IJComp 1961. E [BW]

1924.03.16 = NY International. E [BW]

1924.03.21 = Reti beats Capa. Undefeated since 2/10/1916 in 63 games (+40=23). E [BW]

1924.04.19 = Lasker wins NY International. Capa 2nd; Alekhine 3rd. E [BW]

1924.05.11 = Pachman, Ludek b. Bela pod Bezdezem. 7-time Czech ch. W Ger ch 1978. E [BW]

1924.07.20 = FIDE; Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) founded in Zurich. E [BW]

1924.07.20 = FIDE; Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) founded in Zurich. E [BW]

1924.08 = US Open, Detroit, Torre 1st. E [BW]

1924.09.01 = Blackburne, Joseph died in London. Played in 53 tourneys in 52 years. Born 1841. E [BW]

1924.09.15 = Chatard, Eugene died in La Varenne, France. Chatard var. E [BW]

1925 / 1927 - 24. u. 25. Kongreß: Breslau / Magdeburg. Q Holzhausen / Kramer 390 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1985

1925 = 1st film to deal exclusively with chess, CHESS FEVER. USSR film comedy. E [BW]

1925 = 1st International tourney to be financed from gvt funds, Moscow. E [BW]

1925 = Baden-Baden. 1st international tourney in Germany after WWI. Alekhine won. E [BW]

1925 = Marseillaise chess invented. Player plays 2 moves at a time. E [BW]

1925 = Nimzovich publishes 'my system.' E [BW]

1925 = Romanian Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1925 = Suer b. Turkish IM 1975. E [BW]

1925.01.29 = Guest, Antony died in London, England. Br. amateur ch 1888. E [BW]

1925.03.02 = Geller, Efim born in Odessa. USSR ch 1955, 1979. IM 1951; GM 1952. World Senior Ch 1992. E [BW]

1925.03.26 = Yanofsky b. Brody, Poland. 8-time Canadian ch. Br ch 1953. E [BW]

1925.04.01 = Wexler b. Argentine ch 1959. IM 1959. E [BW]

1925.04.25 = Belkadi, Ridha born in Tunis. IM 1974. IA 1982. E [BW]

1925.05.13 = Kholmov born. IM 1954. GM 1960. E [BW]

1925.05.23 = Henneberke, Franciscus born in Amsterdam. Dutch IM 1962. E [BW]

1925.06.12 = Teichmann (b. 1868), German master, died. E [BW]

1925.06.23 = Husak, Karel born in Beroun, Czechoslovakia. 2nd in world cr ch 1968. IMC 1965; GMC 1968. E [BW]

1925.06.25 = Heilemann, Paul born in Lahn, Germany. IMC 1967; GMC 1984. E [BW]

1925.06.26 = Unzicker b. Pirmasens. 7-time W Ger ch. E [BW]

1925.06.29 = Zagorovsky, Vladimir IGM correspondence player (1965), born. E [BW]

1925.08 = US Open, Cedar Point, Kupchik 1st. E [BW]

1925.09.02 = Eisen b. Top corr. player. E [BW]

1925.10.11 = Davies, Marry born in Barry, Wales. 1974 Wales women's champion. E [BW]

1925.10.20 = Milic b. Yugoslav IM 1951. E [BW]

1925.10.26 = Holladay, Edgar born in Cleveland. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1977. E [BW]

1925.10.29 = Divinsky, Nathan born in Winnipeg. Author. E [BW]

1925.11.16 = Acketa, Tihomir born in Yugoslavia. IA 1966. E [BW]

1925.11.25 = Burn, Amos died in London. German ch 1898. Elo: 2530 E [BW]

1926 - Berlin / Hannover / Semmering. Q Kagan / Kmoch / Lasker 260 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1989

1926 = KHAN; Sir Umer Hayat Khan discovers Mir Sultan Khan in India. E [BW]

1926 = Menchik wins 1st world jr. women's ch (under 21) in England. E [BW]

1926.01.07 = Saunders Pritchard b. World jr women's ch at 10. Br ch at 13. E [BW]

1926.01.24 = Flamberg, Aleksander died in Warsaw. E [BW]

1926.02 = MENCHIK; Vera Menchik wins 1st Girl's Open in London. E [BW]

1926.02.07 = Taimanov born. E [BW]

1926.02.24 = Karaklajic b. Yug ch 1955. IM 1955. Disc jockey in Belgrade. E [BW]

1926.03.26 = Schwartz, German chess author, born. E [BW]

1926.06.07 = Balanel, Ion born in Bucharest. Romanian Ch 1950,53,55,58. IM 1954. E [BW]

1926.07 = 3rd FIDE Congress in Budapest. Little Olympiad of 4 nations. Hungary 1st. E [BW]

1926.08 = US Open, Chicago, Stolzenberg 1st. E [BW]

1926.09.20 = Spence, American chess author, born in Omaha, Nebraska. E [BW]

1926.10.21 = Eretova, Kveta born in Prague. WIM 1957; WGM 1986. E [BW]

1926.11.16 = Suetin born. IM 1961. GM 1965. E [BW]

1926.12 = National Chess Federation of the U.S.A. founded. E [BW]

1927 - Das New Yorker Schachturnier. Q Aljechin 176 Seiten - gebunden - Bibliothek Caissa 1982

1927 = 1st use of figurine algebraic notation in a magazine - Belgium. E [BW]

1927 = 1st women's world championship, London. 1st = V. Menchik. E [BW]

1927 = Duchamp marries. Divorced 3 months later because of his chess. E [BW]

1927 = First original book in the Russian language devoted to the endgame by Rabinovich. E [BW]

1927 = International Correspondence Chess Association founded by FIDE. Replaced in 1946 by ICCF. E [BW]

1927 = Weis, Max died. E [BW]

1927 = Zappas, Byron, leading Greek problemist born. E [BW]

1927.01.15 = Janowski (b. 1868) died of tuberculosis in Hyeres, France, just before a tourney. E [BW]

1927.02.21 = Sunnucks, British woman champion and author, born. Br Ladies Ch 1957,58,64. E [BW]

1927.02.22 = Campomanes, Florencio, FIDE president since 1982, born in Manila. IA 1958. E [BW]

1927.03.23 = Capablanca wins NY International. E [BW]

1927.03.23 = Damjanovic, Mato born in Djeletovci, Yugoslavia. IM 1962; GM 1964. E [BW]

1927.06 = Alekhine-Capablanca match, won by Alekhine. E [BW]

1927.06.06 = Bobotsova, Antonia (ne Ivanova) born in Sofia, Bulgaria. WIM 1954; IA 1972; WGM 1983. E [BW]

1927.07 = OLYMPIAD; 1st Olympiad, the London Olympiad, Hungary 1st. 16 teams. E [BW]

1927.07.06 = Donner, Johannes (Jan) born in The Hague, Netherlands. IM 1952; GM 1959. Dutch ch 1954, 1957, 1958. E [BW]

1927.07.07 = Goldschmeding, Cornelius born in Amsterdam. IJComp 1958; IMComp 1971; GMComp 1988. E [BW]

1927.08 = US Open, Kalamazoo, Margolis 1st. E [BW]

1927.08.02 = Duckstein, Andreas, Austrian IM, born. IM 1956. Austrian ch 1954, 1956. E [BW]

1927.09.16 = Capablanca-Alekhine world championship, Buenos Aires. E [BW]

1927.10.09 = Gaige, Jeremy, american chess archivist, born in New York City. E [BW]

1927.10.17 = Angelov, Petko born in Bulgaria. IMC 1973. E [BW]

1927.11.19 = Bourne, Brian born in London. 1956 Wales ch. E [BW]

1927.11.29 = Alekhine (+6=25-3) beats Capa, 18.5-15.5, Buenos Aires. E [BW]

1927.11.29 = Alekhine defeats Capablanca to become world champion. E [BW]

1928 - Bad Kissingen. Q Tartakower 179 Seiten - kartoniert - BCM

1928 = IFBS; International Association for Correspondence Chess, IFSB, formed. E [BW]

1928 = Sultan Khan wins All-India ch (BCM 1978,519) E [BW]

1928 = White, John died. Founder and donor of the world's largest chess library. E [BW]

1928 = Yates wins his 5th British ch, at Tenby. E [BW]

1928.01.03 = Anderson, Frank Ross born in Edmonton. 3-time Canadian ch (1953, 1955). IM 1954. Should have been a GM. E [BW]

1928.02.28 = Chajes, Oscar died in New York City. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1928.03.11 = Hybl, Jaroslav born. 2nd in world cr ch 1968. IMC 1965; GMC 1968. E [BW]

1928.03.17 = Giustolisi, Alberto born in Rome. Italian ch 1961,64,66. IM 1962. E [BW]

1928.03.30 = Anton, Aurel born in Salbagel, Romania. IMC 1980. E [BW]

1928.04.20 = Byrne, Robert born in Brooklyn. US ch 1972. IM 1952; GM 1964 E [BW]

1928.05.10 = Schmid, Lothar b. Rudebeul. GM 1959. GMC 1959. 2nd in 1959 cr ch. E [BW]

1928.05.10 = Schmidt, West German IGM (1959) & book collector, born. IM 1951. E [BW]

1928.05.12 = Fuller, John born in England. 1954 British corr. ch. E [BW]

1928.06.09 = Bibuld, Jerome born in New York City. IA 1980. E [BW]

1928.06.25 = Jimenez, Eleazor born in Cuba. IM 1963. E [BW]

1928.07.15 = Benko, Pal born in Amiens, France. 5-time US Open ch. IM 1950; GM 1958. E [BW]

1928.08 = Euwe wins 2nd (and last) world amateur championship. E [BW]

1928.08 = Hague Olympiad, Hungary 1st. Only amateurs allowed. 2nd olympiad. E [BW]

1928.08 = US Open, South Bend, Stolzenberg 1st. E [BW]

1928.08.30 = Porreca b. Italian ch 1950,56. IM 1957. E [BW]

1928.10 = LASKER; Berthold Lasker dies. E [BW]

1928.10 = Temple, inventor of Kriegspiel, died. E [BW]

1928.10 = White (b. 1845), book collector, died in Jackson Lake, Wyoming. E [BW]

1928.10.14 = Robatsch, Austrian IGM, born. IM 1957. GM 1961. E [BW]

1928.10.27 = Filip, Czech IGM, born. IM 1953. GM 1955. Czech ch 1950,52,60. E [BW]

1928.10.27 = Filip, Miroslav born in Prague. IM 1953; GM 1955; IA 1978. Czech ch 1950,52,60. E [BW]

1929 - Karlsbad. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer u.a. 422 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1989

1929 / 1934 - Aljechin-Bogoljubow. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer 260 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1929 = 1st international codification of rules. E [BW]

1929 = Breazu, Mihai born in Deva, Romania. IMC 1974; GMC 1985. E [BW]

1929 = DRAW; Minimum of 30 moves before draw agreed rule (abolished in 1952). E [BW]

1929 = My System by Nimzovich 1st published in English. E [BW]

1929 = Sultan Khan brought to England. Won Br ch 1932, 1933. E [BW]

1929.01.21 = Brodsky, Adolf died in Manchester, England. Brodsky variation. E [BW]

1929.01.27 = Berliner, Hans born in Berlin. GMC 1968. 5th World Corr. Ch (1965-8). E [BW]

1929.03.13 = Slater b. Br chess patron. E [BW]

1929.03.15 = Ajeeb destroyed by fire at Coney Island. E [BW]

1929.04.18 = Shipman, Walter born. E [BW]

1929.05.14 = Antoshin born in Moscow. IM 1963. GM 1964. E [BW]

1929.05.17 = Vladimirov b. IM 1963. E [BW]

1929.06 = Alekhine-Bogoljubov match. E [BW]

1929.06.01 = Kozma b. Czech ch 1957. IM 1957. E [BW]

1929.06.06 = Reti (b. 1889) died of scarlet fever in Prague. E [BW]

1929.06.17 = Petrosian, former world chess champion, born. E [BW]

1929.06.20 = Crown, Gordon born in Liverpool. E [BW]

1929.07.25 = Roycroft, English study composer and author, born. E [BW]

1929.08 = US Open, St Louis, Hahbohm 1st. E [BW]

1929.08.15 = Kramer, George born in NY. Won NY ch in 1945 at the age of 16. E [BW]

1929.08.20 = Barden, Leonard born in London. Br Ch 1954. Tied for 1st in 1958. E [BW]

1929.09.02 = Bertok, Mario born in Zagreb. Yug IM 1957. E [BW]

1929.09.05 = Cobo-Arteaga, Eldis born in Cuba. IM 1967. E [BW]

1929.09.05 = Dunphy, William born in Australia. Irish ch 1957. E [BW]

1929.09.16 = Bouwmeester, Henk born in Haarlem, Netherlands. IM 1954; GMC 1981. E [BW]

1929.09.16 = Nedeljkovic-Jovanovic b. Yug Woman ch 1951-53,58,65. E [BW]

1929.09.26 = Alekhine-Bogoljubov match, Germany. E [BW]

1929.10.08 = Bisguier, Arthur born in the Bronx. US jr ch 1948. US ch 1954-58. IM 1950; GM 1957. E [BW]

1929.10.25 = Milev b. Bulgarian ch 1952,60,61. IM 1952. E [BW]

1929.11.12 = Alekhine (+11=9-5) beats Bogoljubov, 15.5-9.5, Holland. E [BW]

1929.12.03 = Hutton, George died in Edinburgh, Scotland. Devised the Hutton pairing method for teams. Born in 1866. E [BW]

1929.12.05 = Onat b. Turkish IM 1975. E [BW]

1929.12.20 = Babson, Joseph died in Seattle, WA. Chess composer. E [BW]

1930 - Hamburg - Schacholympiade. Q Rueb / Dimer / Brinckmann / Vajda 155 Seiten - kartoniert - BCM 1973

1930 = Rittner, Horst born. ICCG 1961. Won the 6th World Corr. Ch. E [BW]

1930 = Turover gives 500 lire brilliancy prize at San Remo E [BW]

1930.01.23 = Myers, American chess author, born. E [BW]

1930.02.06 = Soos b. IM 1967. Romanian/W German. E [BW]

1930.02.13 = de Greiff, Boris born in Medillin, Columbia. IM 1957; IA 1978. E [BW]

1930.02.13 = Greiff, Boris born in Medillin, Columbia. IM 1957; IA 1978. E [BW]

1930.04.24 = Dudeney, Henry died in Lewes, England. England's king of puzzle makers. E [BW]

1930.05.02 = Gunsberg, Isidor died in London. German ch 1885. World Challenger 1891. Elo: 2560. E [BW]

1930.05.16 = Backlund, Ake born in Vaasa, Finland. IMC 1980. E [BW]

1930.05.23 = Matanovic, b. Belgrade. GM 1955. 3-time Yugoslav ch. IM 1951. E [BW]

1930.06 = Chess Amateur ends. E [BW]

1930.06. = Chambers, John died in Cardiff, Wales. E [BW]

1930.06.12 = Byrne, Donald born in New York City. US Open ch 1953, 57. IM 1962 E [BW]

1930.07.22 = Krogius, soviet IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1964. Psychologist. E [BW]

1930.08 = Hamburg Olympiad, Poland 1st. E [BW]

1930.08 = US Open, Chicago, Whitaker & Factor 1st. E [BW]

1930.08.17 = Fleishmann, Leo (also Forgacs) died in Berettyoujfalu, Hungary. Elo: 2520 Hungary ch 1907. E [BW]

1930.08.20 = Kaminsky, Oleg born. E [BW]

1930.09.13 = Smith, Ken American chess master, born in Olney, Texas. E [BW]

1930.10.17 = Asenova, Venka born in Bulgaria. WIM 1965; HWGM 1986 E [BW]

1930.10.24 = German, Eugenio born in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. IM 1952. E [BW]

1930.10.25 = Honfi, Karoly born in Budapest. Hungarian IM 1962. E [BW]

1930.12.21 = Pietzsch, b. Wittgendorf, DDR. GM 1965. 4-time DDR ch. IM 1961.E [BW]

1931 = Alekhine wins at Bled, 5 1/2 points more than 2nd place. E [BW]

1931 = Jones, Ernest publishes 'The Problem of Paul Morphy.' E [BW]

1931 = Weenik, Henri died. Dutch composer, player and author. E [BW]

1931.01.08 = Minev, Nikolay international master, born. Bulgarian ch 1953,65,66. IM 1960. E [BW]

1931.02.05 = Holuj-Radzikowska, Krystina born in Lvov, Russia. WIM 1954; WGM 1984. E [BW]

1931.02.22 = Doda, Zbigniew born in Poznan, Poland.. Polish ch 1964, 67. IM 1964. E [BW]

1931.03.07 = Fleissig, Bernhard died in Vienna. Fleissig var. E [BW]

1931.03.23 = Korchnoi b. Leningrad. GM 1956. E [BW]

1931.03.28 = Lein, Anatoly born in Leningrad. E [BW]

1931.04.06 = Douthwaite, Brian born in Cardiff, Wales. 1958 Welsh ch. E [BW]

1931.05.13 = Fuderer, Andrija born in Subotica, Yugoslavia. IM 1952; HGM 1990. E [BW]

1931.08 = Prague Olympiad, USA 1st. E [BW]

1931.08 = US Open, Tulsa, Reshevsky 1st. E [BW]

1931.08.12 = Berger, Bela born in Szombathely, Hungary. Hungarian/Australian IM 1954. E [BW]

1931.09.01 = Pomar-Salamanca, Spanish IGM, born. 7-time Spanish ch. IM 1950. GM 1962. Ch of Balearic Isles at 11. E [BW]

1931.09.09 = Bhend, Edwin born. Swiss IM 1960. Swiss ch 1957. E [BW]

1931.09.30 = Bobotsov, Milko born in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. IM 1960; GM 1961. Bulg. ch 1958. 1st GM Bulgarian. E [BW]

1931.10.03 = Martinovsky, Eugene born. E [BW]

1931.10.08 = Toran b. Spanish ch 1951,53. IM 1954. E [BW]

1931.11.14 = Curdo, John, American chess master, born in Lynn, MA. E [BW]

1931.11.15 = Bogdanovic, Rajko born in Vares, Yugoslavia. IM 1963. E [BW]

1931.12.17 = Brandreth, Dale born in Phoenixville, PA. Bibliophile. E [BW]

1932 - Bern / Internationales Schachturnier. Q Bonacker 185 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1988

1932 = Canadian Chess Federation replaces Canadian Chess Association. E [BW]

1932 = Takacs died. E [BW]

1932.01 = Noteboom died in England. Age 22. E [BW]

1932.01.16 = Ciocaltea, Victor born in Bucharest. Romanian ch 1952,59,61,62,70,71. IM 1957; GM 1979. E [BW]

1932.02.07 = Grabczewski born in Warsaw. IM 1972. E [BW]

1932.03.01 = Geet, Dirk born in the Netherlands. IM 1965; GMC 1986. E [BW]

1932.03.08 = Finn, Kate died in London. 1st Br women's ch. Won in 1904, 1905. E [BW]

1932.03.10 = Kupper b. Swiss ch 1954,57,62. IM 1955. E [BW]

1932.03.22 = Evans, Larry Melvyn born in Manhattan. 4-time US ch. IM 1952; GM 1957. E [BW]

1932.04.20 = Colle, Edgar died in Ghent, Belgium. Died after operation of gastric ulcer. Belgium ch 1924. Elo: 2490 E [BW]

1932.04.22 = Fritz, Alexander died in Alsfeld, Germany. Elo: 2350. Fritz var. E [BW]

1932.04.22 = Nikolac b. Yugoslav IM 1975. E [BW]

1932.06.10 = Albulet, Maria born in Braila, Romania. WIM 1957; WGM (emeritus) 1985 E [BW]

1932.06.15 = Bartolovic, Vojko born in Zagreb. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967; GMComp 1980 E [BW]

1932.07.28 = Capelan, Gunter born in Wermelskirchen, Germany. IM 1968. E [BW]

1932.08 = US Open, Minneapolis, Fine 1st. E [BW]

1932.08.10 = Partos b. Romanian IM 1975. E [BW]

1932.08.11 = Bilek, Istvan born in Budapest. 3-time Hungarian ch. Ex-wife also Hungarian ch. IM 1958; GM 1962. E [BW]

1932.10 = LYONS; William Lyons of Kentucky died at age 83. One of the 1st chessbook dealers. E [BW]

1932.11.01 = Kraidman, Israeli IGM (1976), born. IM 1965. E [BW]

1932.11.11 = Yates (b. 1884), English master, died from a gas leak. E [BW]

1932.11.16 = Mattison d. Riga. World amateur ch 1924. Latvian ch 1924. E [BW]

1932.11.27 = Weinberger, Tibor born. E [BW]

1932.12.01 = Lazarevic b. WGM 1976. E [BW]

1932.12.07 = Brasket, Curt born in Tracy, MN. FM 1984. E [BW]

1933 = 1st Br Boys' Ch, Hastings. E [BW]

1933 = 1st issue of Chess Review, edited by Isaac Kashdan. E [BW]

1933 = Alekhine visits Shanghai and gives simuls. E [BW]

1933 = Braille Chess Association founded. E [BW]

1933.01 = 1st issue of CHESS REVIEW by Kashdan and Horowitz. E [BW]

1933.01.11 = Haag, Ervin born in Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary. Hungarian. IM 1961; IMC 1961. E [BW]

1933.01.14 = Englund, Fritz died in Stockholm. Englund Gambit. E [BW]

1933.01.18 = Popovych, Orest born. E [BW]

1933.01.22 = Branch, William died in Cheltenham, England. Chess historian. E [BW]

1933.01.22 = Burger, Karl born in New York City. IM 1980. E [BW]

1933.02.03 = Sanguinetti b. Argentina ch 1956,57,62,65. IM 1957. GM 82. E [BW]

1933.02.05 = Lutikov, Soviet IGM, born. IM 1967. GM 1974. E [BW]

1933.02.18 = Alaikov, Venelin born in Shumen, Bulgaria. IJComp 1977; IMComp 1988 E [BW]

1933.02.23 = Mikhalchisin, Adrian b. Yugoslav IM 1963. E [BW]

1933.02.28 = Spiridinov b. Bulgarian ch 1969. GM 1979. E [BW]

1933.03.05 = Vasiukov born. 6-time Moscow ch. IM 1958. GM 1961. E [BW]

1933.03.07 = Gottschall, Hermann died in Gorlitz, Germany. Elo: 2400. Author and editor. E [BW]

1933.03.18 = Clarke, Peter born in London. 2nd in Br ch 5 times. IMC 1976; IA 1976; GMC 1980; FM 1984. E [BW]

1933.04.03 = Navarovsky b. Hungarian IM 1965. E [BW]

1933.04.06 = Bakcsi, Gyorgy (ne Bartok) born in Budapest. IMComp 1967; IJComp 1979; GMComp 1980. E [BW]

1933.04.06 = Bartok, Gyorgy born in Budapest. IMComp 1967; GMComp 1980 E [BW]

1933.04.06 = Diez del Corral, Jesus born in Saragossa, Spain. Spanish ch 1955, 1965. GM 1974. IM 1967. E [BW]

1933.04.16 = Honfi, Lujza (ne Gurszky) born in Budapest. WIM 1969; WIMC 1977. E [BW]

1933.04.26 = Djurasevic, Bizidar born in Belgrade. Yugoslav IM 1957. E [BW]

1933.05.25 = Shinkman (b. 1847), chess composer, died. E [BW]

1933.05.29 = Padevsky, Bulgarian IGM, born. 4-time Bulgarian ch. IM, GM 1964. E [BW]

1933.06.13 = Lengyl, Hungarian IGM (1964), born. IM 1962. E [BW]

1933.07.07 = Nun b. Czech IM 1976. E [BW]

1933.08 = Folkestone Olympiad, USA 1st. E [BW]

1933.08 = US Open, Detroit, Fine 1st. E [BW]

1933.09.30 = Flesch, Janos, IGM (1980), born. Hungary. Blindfold player. IM 1963. E [BW]

1933.10.07 = Penrose, b. Colchester. 10-time Br ch (6 in a row). IM 1961. Psychologist. E [BW]

1933.10.17 = Berger, Johann died in Graz. Strong player, editor, and author. Elo: 2495 E [BW]

1933.10.21 = Dijk, Nils born in Indonesia. IMComp 1961; IJComp 1966. E [BW]

1933.10.22 = Hochberg, Burt born in New York City. E [BW]

1933.10.23 = Scafarelli b. Italian IM 1957. E [BW]

1933.10.25 = Sherwin, American chess master, born. IM 1958. E [BW]

1933.11.12 = Ivkov, Yugoslav IGM, born. 1st World jr ch 1951. GM 1955. IM 1954. E [BW]

1933.11.13 = Gurgenidze, Bukhuti born in Surami, Georgia. IM 1966. GM 1970. E [BW]

1933.11.28 = Addison, William born in Baton Rouge, LA. IM 1967. E [BW]

1934 - Bogoljubows Agonie / Aljechin-Bogoljubow. Q Münster 86 Seiten - kartoniert - Münster 1982

1934 = American Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1934 = First Soviet chess player to be awarded Honored Master of Sport - Romanovsky. E [BW]

1934 = Kolty plays 34 games blindfold (+24=10). E [BW]

1934 = Leonhardt died of a heart attack while playing a game of chess. E [BW]

1934 = Palestine Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1934 = Pauly, Wolfgang died. Greatest problemist of Romania. E [BW]

1934.01 = Log Cabin Chess Club founded by E. Forry Laucks. E [BW]

1934.01.12 = Oswald, Don born in Ottawa, Kansas. Book dealer. E [BW]

1934.01.24 = Ghitescu, Romanian IGM, born, Bucharest. Romanian ch 1963. IM 1961; GM 1986. E [BW]

1934.02.17 = Tarrasch (b. 1862), German master, died, Munich. E [BW]

1934.02.18 = Chepizhny, Victor born in Dnepropetrovsk, Russia. IJComp 1965; IMComp 1969; GMComp 1989. E [BW]

1934.02.24 = Darga, Klaus born in Pankow, Germany. 2-time FRG ch. GM 1964. IM 1957. E [BW]

1934.03.02 = Kolarov b. Bulgarian IM 1957. E [BW]

1934.03.15 = Brady, Frank born in New York City. IA 1972. Wrote Profile of a Prodigy. E [BW]

1934.03.19 = Andersen, Borge born in Denmark. 4-time Danish ch (won in 1967, 1968). IM 1964. E [BW]

1934.03.23 = Bachtiar, Arovah born in Banjarmasin, Indonesia. IM 1977. E [BW]

1934.04.01 = Alekhine-Bogoljubov world championship, Germany. E [BW]

1934.04.30 = Bikhovsky, Anatoly born in Izhevsk, Russia. IM 1982. E [BW]

1934.05.16 = Boey, Jozef born in Anvers, Belgium. IM 1973; IMC 1974; GMC 1975. Belgium ch 1959, 1964, 1971. E [BW]

1934.06.13 = Engel, Klaus born in Berlin. IMC 1966; GMC 1983. E [BW]

1934.06.14 = Alekhine (+8=15-3) beats Bogoljubov, 15.5-10.5, Germany. E [BW]

1934.06.27 = Cafferty, Bernard born in Blackburn, England. Br corr ch 1960. FM 1984. BCM editor from 1981. E [BW]

1934.07.05 = Dely b. Hungarian ch 1970. IM 1962. E [BW]

1934.07.20 = Aarseth, Erling born in Norway. IMC 1981. E [BW]

1934.08 = US Open, Chicago, Reshevsky & Fine 1st. E [BW]

1934.09.28 = Fuchs, Reinhart born in Berlin. IM 1962. E [BW]

1934.10.05 = Blumenfeld, Rudy born in Bucharest. FM. E [BW]

1934.10.11 = Haygarth, Michael born in Leeds, England. Br ch 1964. E [BW]

1934.10.18 = Drimer, Dolfi born in Iasa, Romania. IM 1961; IA 1986. E [BW]

1934.10.30 = Hanken, Jerome born in Cincinnati. E [BW]

1934.11.12 = Stein, Leonid born. 3-time USSR ch. GM 1962. E [BW]

1934.11.20 = Polugaevsky born. 3-time USSR ch. E [BW]

1935 - Aljechin-Euwe. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer u.a. 190 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1983

1935 = 1st corr. Olympiad. Hungary won; 17 teams. E [BW]

1935 = 1st explanation of the Swiss system by Ranneforth in Schackalendar. E [BW]

1935 = CHESS founded by B. H. Wood in Sutton Coldfield. E [BW]

1935 = Flohr gets married. E [BW]

1935 = Keres wins Estonian ch at 19. E [BW]

1935 = Klovan b. USSR IM 1976. E [BW]

1935 = Pearl of Zandvoort games. 26th game between Euwe and Alekhine. E [BW]

1935 = Sanakoyev, Grigory born. 12th World Corr. Chess Ch. E [BW]

1935 = STEVENSON; Agnes, wife of Stevenson, killed in Poland by propeller of plane. E [BW]

1935 = Ufimtsev, Anatoly born. Developed the Pirc in 1934. Born Ufintsev, but secret police took his father away. E [BW]

1935 = Vladimirov, Yakov born. IGCC 1988. E [BW]

1935.01.14 = Yukhtman born. E [BW]

1935.01.26 = NIKOLIC; Stanimir Nikolic b. Yugoslav IM 1967. E [BW]

1935.01.26 = Olafsson, Fridrik, 1st Icelandic IGM (1958), born. IM 1956. E [BW]

1935.02.05 = Showalter d. in Lexington, Kentucky. 5-time US ch. Born 1860. E [BW]

1935.03.04 = Larsen born at Tilsed in Jutland. E [BW]

1935.03.16 = Nimzovich (b. 1886) died of pneumonia in Copenhagen. E [BW]

1935.03.17 = Panno, b. Buenos Aires. World jr ch 1953. GM 1955. IM 1954. E [BW]

1935.03.23 = Grigoriou, Miltiadis born in Athens, Greece. Greek IM 1975. E [BW]

1935.03.29 = Uhlmann b. Dresden. 8-time East German ch. E [BW]

1935.05.23 = Matanovic, Alexander b. GM 1955. E [BW]

1935.05.28 = Barasz, Zsigmond died in Budapest. Analysed the Budapest Defense. Elo: 2440 E [BW]

1935.06 = Euwe-Alekhine is 1st world ch match to officially have seconds. E [BW]

1935.06.10 = Matulovic, b. Belgrade. 2-time Yugoslav ch. GM 1965. E [BW]

1935.06.15 = Zaitsev, Alexander, Soviet IGM (1967), born. E [BW]

1935.07.24 = Osnos b. IM 1965. E [BW]

1935.07.30 = Forintos, Gyozo, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1974. E [BW]

1935.08 = US Open, Milwaukee, Fine 1st. E [BW]

1935.08 = Warsaw Olympiad, USA 1st. E [BW]

1935.08.09 = Holzhausen, Walther died in Magdeburg, Germany. Elo: 2410. Holzhausen Attack. E [BW]

1935.09.08 = Baumbach, Friedrich born in Weimer, Germany. E Ger ch 1970. IMC 1967; GMC 1973. 11th World Corr Ch. (1986-89) E [BW]

1935.09.22 = Eszik, Lajos born in Sweden. 1985 Swedish corr. ch. E [BW]

1935.09.22 = Rudensky b. World blind ch 1975. E [BW]

1935.09.25 = Purdy, John b Sydney. Him, Father and grandfather were Australian ch. E [BW]

1935.10.03 = Alekhine-Euwe match, Holland. E [BW]

1935.10.16 = Curtis, Donald born in Cardiff, Wales. 1959 Welsh ch. E [BW]

1935.11.08 = Bjelica, Dimitrije born in Vrbica, Yugoslavia. E [BW]

1935.11.12 = Ciric, Dragoljub, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1961. GM 1965. E [BW]

1935.12.05 = Bettmann, Henry died in Cincinnati. Chess problemist. E [BW]

1935.12.08 = Zatulovskaya born. E [BW]

1935.12.15 = Euwe defeats Alekhine, 15.5-14.5, to become world champion. E [BW]

1935.12.20 = Feuerstein, Arthur born. E [BW]

1935.12.30 = Aaron, Manuel born in Toungoo, Burma. 1st Indian IM. IM 1961. IA 1986. E [BW]

1936 - Nottingham. Q Aljechin 231 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Marco 1986

1936 - Schach Olympia München. Q Richter 370 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1997

1936 = Ajeeb tours the USA playing checkers (operator is Jesse Hanson). E [BW]

1936 = Keeble wins Norfolk ch. He won in 1884 (52 yrs). E [BW]

1936 = Knezevic b. Yug GM 1976. E [BW]

1936 = Over 10,000 women players took part in the eliminating sections of the Russian Women's Chess Ch. E [BW]

1936 = Trades Union Championship of the USSR had 700,000 entries. E [BW]

1936.01.14 = Hume, George died in Nottingham, England. Problemist and collector. E [BW]

1936.02.21 = Barczay, Laszlo born in Miskolc, Hungary. IM 1966; GM 1967; IMC 1973; GMC 1979 E [BW]

1936.02.23 = Farre-Mallofre, Miguel born in Barcelona. Spanish IM 1959. E [BW]

1936.03.19 = Gufeld, Eduard born in Kiev. IM 1964; GM 1967. E [BW]

1936.03.26 = Blake, Percy died in Warrington, England. Problemist. E [BW]

1936.05.15 = Traxler (b. 1866), Czech problemist, died. E [BW]

1936.05.27 = Garcia, Raimundo born in Argentina. IM 1964. E [BW]

1936.07 = 1st U.S. Championship Tournament, New York, Reshevsky 1st. E [BW]

1936.07.06 = Braun, Leslie born. E [BW]

1936.07.16 = Schweber b. Argentinian IM 1961. E [BW]

1936.07.19 = Keller b. Swiss ch 1958,60,61,63. IM 1961. E [BW]

1936.08 = US Open, Philadelphia, Horowitz 1st. E [BW]

1936.08.16 = Bagirov, Vladimir born in Batumi, Georgia. IM 1963. GM 1978 E [BW]

1936.08.28 = Botvinnik and Capablanca tie for 1st at Nottingham. E [BW]

1936.10.03 = Sergievsky b. IM 1966. E [BW]

1936.10.22 = Lyman, S. chess master and tv personality, born. E [BW]

1936.10.27 = Howell, Clarence died in New York City. Howell Attack. E [BW]

1936.10.31 = Knezevic, Milorad b. Yugoslav GM 1976. E [BW]

1936.11.09 = Tal b. Riga. 6-time USSR ch. World ch 1960-61. Died 1992. E [BW]

1936.11.29 = Malich, East German IGM, born. IM 1962. GM 1975. East German ch 1958. E [BW]

1936.12.04 = Cuchi, Jose born in Segovia, Spain. IA 1986. E [BW]

1936.12.05 = Johannsson b. Iceland IM 1963. E [BW]

1936.12.27 = Buljovcic, Ivan born in Subotica, Yugoslavia. IM 1974. E [BW]

1937 - Kemeri in Lettland. Q Bijl / Kortschnoi / Lindörfer u.a. 280 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1991

1937 = 1st notable chess portrayal on stage. E [BW]

1937 = Koltanowski played 34 opponents blindfolded, in Edinburgh (+24=10). E [BW]

1937.01.03 = Sydor born. E [BW]

1937.01.30 = Spassky b. Leningrad. World jr ch 1955. World ch 1969-72. E [BW]

1937.02.07 = Camara, Helder born in Fortaleza, Brazil. IM 1972. E [BW]

1937.02.08 = Gipslis, Aivars born in Riga. 8-time Latvian ch. IM 1963. GM 1967. E [BW]

1937.03.05 = Minic, Dragoljub b. Yugo HGM 1990. E [BW]

1937.03.07 = Langeweg b. Dutch IM 1962. E [BW]

1937.03.07 = Tringov, Bulgarian IGM, b. Plovdiv. 3-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1962. GM 1963. E [BW]

1937.03.11 = Vukcevich, Milan US IM and chess composer, born in Belgrade. Nominee for Nobel Prize. E [BW]

1937.03.22 = Mednis, Edmar born in Riga, USSR. E [BW]

1937.03.23 = Liberzon, Isreali IGM, born in the Soviet Union. IM 1963. GM 1965. E [BW]

1937.04.04 = Portisch, Hungarian IGM, born in Zalaegerszeg, Hungary. E [BW]

1937.04.23 = Andreeva, Olga born in Russia. WIM 1967. E [BW]

1937.05.16 = Saidy, Anthony born. IM 1969. E [BW]

1937.06.15 = 1st ballet with a chess theme, 'checkmate.' Composed by A. Bliss. E [BW]

1937.06.22 = Bachmann, Ludwig died in Munich. E [BW]

1937.07.04 = Acevedo, Armando born in Mexico. FM E [BW]

1937.07.14 = Bloodgood, Claude born in La Paz, Mexico. E [BW]

1937.08 = Gilchrist, Mary plays for Scotland at the Stockhlom Olympiad. E [BW]

1937.08 = Stockholm Olympiad, USA 1st. E [BW]

1937.08 = US Open, Chicago, Polland 1st. E [BW]

1937.08.01 = Barnes, Barry born in Brighton, England. IJComp 1967; IMComp 1967. E [BW]

1937.08.27 = Axt, Helga born in Bad Ems, Germany. WIM 1961. E [BW]

1937.09.14 = den Ouden, A. born in the Netherlands. IMC 1971; GMC 1980. E [BW]

1937.10.05 = Euwe-Alekhine world ch match, Holland. E [BW]

1937.10.06 = Gliksman, Darko born in Slavonski Brod, Yugoslavia. IM 1970. E [BW]

1937.10.17 = Johannessen, S. b. Several times Norwegian ch. IM 1961. E [BW]

1937.12.02 = Bukic, Enver born in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia. IM 1964; GM 1976. E [BW]

1937.12.04 = Lombardy, William born in the bronx. E [BW]

1937.12.16 = Alekhine defeats Euwe to regain world ch. E [BW]

1937.12.22 = BCM incorporated as a limited company. E [BW]

1937.12.25 = Cardoso, Rodolfo born in Anda, Philippines. Philippine ch 1958, 1963. IM 1957. World Jr Ch 1957. E [BW]

1937.12.25 = Vaisman b. Romanian IM 1975. E [BW]

1938 = AVRO tournament in which the world's best 8 players competed. E [BW]

1938 = Bruce, Ronald lost to 2 world ch (Alekhine & Menchik) on the same day. E [BW]

1938 = Krylenko (b. 1885), leading soviet chess promoter, executed. E [BW]

1938 = Rudenko, GM for chess compositons, born. E [BW]

1938 = Samisch lost on time (45 moves/2.5 hrs) after 12 moves, Prague. E [BW]

1938.01.14 = Marovic, Yugoslav GM, born. IM 1965. GM 1975. E [BW]

1938.01.17 = Emma, Jaime born in Argentina. IM 1978. E [BW]

1938.01.24 = Lang, Edith (Bilek) born in Hungary. IWM 1965. Hungarian women's ch 1958, 1963. E [BW]

1938.02.02 = Altrichter, Ulrich born in Austria. IMC 1982. E [BW]

1938.02.05 = Gerusel, Mathias born in Elbing, Poland. IM 1968. E [BW]

1938.02.22 = Ostojic, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1968. GM 1975. E [BW]

1938.02.27 = Andersen, Eric died in Copenhagen. Won Danish ch 12 times. Elo: 2480 E [BW]

1938.03.06 = Kuprejanov b. Canadian IM 1972. E [BW]

1938.03.23 = Tatai b. Rome. 9-time Italian ch. IM 1966. E [BW]

1938.04.02 = Vizantiades b. Greek IM 1968. E [BW]

1938.04.19 = Erdeus, Gheorghe-Aurel born in Satu-Mare, Romania. IM 1986; IA 1986. E [BW]

1938.04.25 = Hickey, Lisa (ne Lane) born in Philadelphia. WIM 1959. E [BW]

1938.05.13 = Filipowicz b. Polish IM 1975. E [BW]

1938.05.13 = Filipowicz, Andrzej born in Warsaw. Polish IM 1975. E [BW]

1938.05.27 = Zaitsev, Igor born in Ramenskoe, USSR. Moscow ch 1969. GM 1976. E [BW]

1938.06.17 = Karasev b. USSR IM 1976. E [BW]

1938.07 = US Championship, New York, Reshevsky 1st. E [BW]

1938.07.24 = Cabarkapa, Milenko born in Krupice, Yugoslavia. Blind world ch 1966-1970. IM 1986. E [BW]

1938.08 = US Open, Boston, Horowitz & Kashdan 1st. E [BW]

1938.08.10 = Miagmasuren b. Mongolian IM 1966. E [BW]

1938.10.05 = Kovacs b. Hungarian IM 1965. E [BW]

1938.10.12 = Durao, Joaquim born in Lisbon. Portugal IM 1975. E [BW]

1938.11.10 = Grigoriev, Nikolay died in Moscow. Elo: 2440. Moscow ch 1921, 1922, 1923-4, 1929. Endgame analyst. Died after an operation for appendicitis. E [BW]

1938.11.27 = Fine and Keres tie for first in AVRO. Strongest event to date. E [BW]

1938.11.27 = Fine and Keres tie for first in AVRO. Strongest event to date. E [BW]

1939 = 1st rating system, used by the CCLA. E [BW]

1939 = Last (21st) edition of Staunton's CHESS PLAYER'S HANDBOOK published. E [BW]

1939 = QUEVEDO; Leonardo Torres y Quevedo d. Created Ajedrecista, a chess automaton. E [BW]

1939 = SAUNDERS; Elaine Saunders wins Br women's ch at age 13. E [BW]

1939 = Weldon, Charles born. E [BW]

1939. = Cox, Thomas died in Irlenad. Irish ch in 1937, 1938. E [BW]

1939.01.07 = Radulov, Bulgarian IGM, born. 4-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1968. GM 1972. E [BW]

1939.01.13 = Adamski, Andrzej born in Warsaw. IM 1980. E [BW]

1939.01.29 = Hecht, Hans born in Luckenwalde, Germany. IM 1969; GM 1973; IMC 1980. E [BW]

1939.03.01 = Dubeck, Leroy born in Orange, NJ. USCF President 1969. E [BW]

1939.03.12 = Bednarski, Boguslaw born in Myslenice, Poland. IM 1964. Polish ch 1963. E [BW]

1939.05.28 = Fahrni, Hans died in Ostermundingen, Switzerland. Elo: 2480. 1st to play 100 simultaneously, 1911. E [BW]

1939.06.01 = Atkinson, Walter died in St. Leonards-on-Sea, England. Introduced the Atkinson variation. E [BW]

1939.07.17 = Bone, Eric born in Lebanon, Ohio. E [BW]

1939.07.24 = Abdurahmanovic, Fadil born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. IJComp 1972; IMComp 1980. E [BW]

1939.07.26 = Godes, Devis born in Russia. IMC 1983; GMC 1984. E [BW]

1939.08 = Buenos Aires Olympiad, Germany 1st. E [BW]

1939.08 = US Open, New York, Fine 1st. E [BW]

1939.08.27 = Uitumen b. Mongolian IM 1965. E [BW]

1939.09.04 = PORTISCH; Ferenc Portish b. Hungarian IM 1975. E [BW]

1939.09.26 = Blathy, Otto died in Budapest. Created longest problem, 290 moves. E [BW]

1939.10.04 = Collijn, Ludvig died in Stockholm. Chess patron. President of the Swedish Chess Ass. from 1917 to 1939. E [BW]

1939.11.01 = Bukal, Vladimir born in Zagreb. IM 1977. E [BW]

1939.12.12 = Kestler b. W German IM 1976. E [BW]

1939.12.27 = American Chess Federation & National Chess Federation form USCF. E [BW]

1939.12.27 = Sturgis of boston elected USCF (dues $1). E [BW]

1940 = Beasley, John born in England. Problemist and computer consultant. E [BW]

1940 = CORR; 1st USSR corr. chess ch. E [BW]

1940 = Last issue of LA STRATEGIE. E [BW]

1940 = Przepiorka, Dawid died. Polish player. Died in a concentration camp. E [BW]

1940 = RIVERO; Adele Rivero wins us women's championship. E [BW]

1940 = Stahlberg played 400 opponents on a replacement basis in Buenos Aires. +379 in 36 hours. E [BW]

1940.01.01 = Ahlers, Klaus born in Ahrensburg, Germany. West German Corr. Ch 1980. E [BW]

1940.02.08 = Kogan, Boris born. Died in 1993. E [BW]

1940.03.06 = Hamilton, Charles died in St. Louis. E [BW]

1940.03.22 = Deze, Anton born in Beocin, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav IM 1976. E [BW]

1940.04.09 = Barry died. E [BW]

1940.04.09 = Barry, John died in West Roxbury, MA. E [BW]

1940.05 = Reshevsky wins US Ch. E [BW]

1940.05.05 = Bielecki, Carlos born in Argentina. World jr ch 1959. IM 1959. E [BW]

1940.06 = ADAMS, Weaver; "White to play and win" by weaver adams is published. E [BW]

1940.06.02 = Csom, Istvan born in Satoraljaujhely, Hungary. IM 1967; GM 1973. Hungarian ch 1972, 1973. E [BW]

1940.06.07 = Belavenets, Ludmilla born in Moscow. WIM 1977; WIMC 1979; IMC 1979. Russian Women's ch 1975. E [BW]

1940.07 = US Ch, New York, Reshevsky 1st (3rd consecutive time). E [BW]

1940.07.13 = Aldret, Jorge born in Mexico City. FM. E [BW]

1940.08 = US Open, Dallas, Reuben Fine 1st (27 players). E [BW]

1940.08.02 = Hollis, Adrian born in Bristol. Br cr ch 1966,67,71. IMC 1970; GMC 1976. E [BW]

1940.08.08 = Sahovic, Yugoslav GM (1978) born. IM 1976. E [BW]

1940.08.15 = Cuartas, Carlos born in Columbia. IM 1975. E [BW]

1940.09 = National Chess Centre burnt down in London after an air raid. Had 700 members. E [BW]

1940.09.11 = Fyfe, Peter died in Glasgow, Scotland. Fyfe gambit. E [BW]

1940.09.26 = Savon born. IM 1967. GM 1973. USSR ch 1972. E [BW]

1940.09.29 = Frenkel, Vera born. E [BW]

1940.10 = Bondarevsky and Lilienthal tie for 1st at Moscow in USSR Ch. E [BW]

1940.10.08 = Hamann, Svend born in Copenhagen. IM 1965. E [BW]

1940.11 = USCF postal play began. E [BW]

1940.11.10 = Todorcevic, Miodrag b. Yug GM 1989, E [BW]

1940.12.28 = Ault, Leslie born in Elizabeth, NJ. E [BW]

1941 = 1st USCF Open postal tourney won by Louis Persinger. E [BW]

1941 = Fine publishes "Basic Chess Endings." E [BW]

1941 = Karff defeats Rivero to win US women's championship. E [BW]

1941 = Marshall authors "my fifty years of chess." E [BW]

1941 = Perkonoja, Pauli born. First International Solving GM, 1982. E [BW]

1941 = Rauzer (b. 1908) died. E [BW]

1941 = Reshevsky defeats Horowitz to retain his US Championship. E [BW]

1941.01 = Botvinnik wins "Absolute Championship" of the USSR. E [BW]

1941.01.11 = LASKER; Emanuel Lasker (b. 1868) died in Manhattan. E [BW]

1941.01.13 = Avner, Uri born in Petach Tikva, Israel. IJComp 1979; International Solving Master (ISM) 1982 E [BW]

1941.01.14 = Quinones b. Peru IM 1963. E [BW]

1941.02.27 = Kuijpers b. Dutch ch 1963. IM 1964. E [BW]

1941.03.27 = Bokhosian, Sarkis born in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. IM 1978. E [BW]

1941.04.25 = Apsenieks, Fricis died in Riga, Latvia. Elo: 2430. Latvian ch 1926-7, 1934 E [BW]

1941.05.03 = Gaprindashvili, Nona born in Zugdidi, Georgia. WIM 1961; IM 1962; WGM 1976; IGM 1978. Women's World Ch 1962-78. E [BW]

1941.06 = Hitler attacks Russia; ends preliminaries of the 13th National Ch. E [BW]

1941.06.16 = Oim b. in Estonia. Won 9th world corr. ch. E [BW]

1941.07.13 = Raud d. Buenos Aires of starvation. 2 time Estonian ch. E [BW]

1941.08 = US Open, St Louis, Fine 1st. E [BW]

1941.08.02 = Murey, Yaacov b. GM 1987. E [BW]

1941.08.11 = Kushnir Stein, Soviet woman master, born. Women's final in 1965,69,72. E [BW]

1941.08.27 = Hall, John died in Bradford, England. Hall var. E [BW]

1941.08.29 = Stahlberg played 400 games simultaneously in Buenos Aires; 364 wins, 14 draws, 22 losses. (40 at a time, then new opponent) E [BW]

1941.09.03 = Ilyin-Genevsky d. Novaya Ladoga. 3-time Leningrad ch. E [BW]

1941.09.06 = Remlinger, Larry born. E [BW]

1941.09.10 = Balinas, Rosendo born in Manila. IM 1975; GM 1976. E [BW]

1941.09.27 = Corzo y Principe, Juan died in Havana. Cuban ch 1902. E [BW]

1941.10.03 = Hamilton-Russell, Frederick died in Cleobury North, England. President of BCF. E [BW]

1941.10.03 = Palciauskas, world correspondence champion, born. Professor of geophysics. E [BW]

1941.10.26 = Zaltsman, Vitaly born. E [BW]

1941.12.23 = Ault, Robin born in Elizabeth, NJ. E [BW]

1941.12.30 = Parma b. Ljubljana. World jr ch 1961. GM 1963. IM 1961. E [BW]

1942 = 1st British Corr. ch held. Won by R. Bonham (blind). E [BW]

1942 = 1st U.S. Speed Championship; won by Fine. E [BW]

1942 = 1st use of swiss pairing, in U.s. at Texas championship. E [BW]

1942 = Barulin, Mikhail died in Russia. Fostered chess problems in Russia. E [BW]

1942 = CHESS REVIEW price: 30 cents; yearly subscription $3. E [BW]

1942 = Karff wins US Women's championship. E [BW]

1942 = Pomar wins ch of Balearic Islands at age 11. E [BW]

1942 = Rabinovich, Ilya died from malnutrition during the siege of Leningrad. E [BW]

1942 = Rajkovic, Yugoslav IGM (1977), born. E [BW]

1942 = Ryumin, Nikolai died. Beat Capablanca, Euwe, and Stahlberg. E [BW]

1942.01.03 = Dunne, Alex born. E [BW]

1942.01.29 = Brinck-Claussen, Bjorn born in Copenhagen. IM 1986. E [BW]

1942.02.02 = Richardson, English corres. igm, born. 1st British GM, 1975, for corr. E [BW]

1942.02.17 = Shipley born. E [BW]

1942.02.23 = Blumich, Reinhold Max died in Falkenberg, Germany. Blumich variation E [BW]

1942.03.07 = Belavenets, Sergey died in Novgorod, Russia. Killed in action. Moscow ch 1932, 1937, 1938. E [BW]

1942.03.08 = Capablanca died at the Manhattan Chess Club. World chess champion 1921-1927. Elo: 2725. E [BW]

1942.03.26 = Kovacevic, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1976. E [BW]

1942.03.27 = Alterman, Vladimir born in Russia. GM 1992. E [BW]

1942.04.01 = Vukic, Yugoslav IGM, born. Yug ch 1974. IM 1967. GM 1975. E [BW]

1942.04.18 = Kubbel d. in the siege of Leningrad. Problem composer. E [BW]

1942.04.19 = Valvo, Michael, US IM, born. E [BW]

1942.04.25 = Albertson, Bruce born. E [BW]

1942.05.06 = Formanek, Edward born in Chicago. IM 1977. E [BW]

1942.05.07 = Giam, Choo Kwee born in Singapore. Singapore IM 1976; IA 1983. E [BW]

1942.05.12 = Velimirovic, Dragoljub, Yugoslav IGM, born. E [BW]

1942.05.18 = Augustin, Josef born in Kyjov, Czechoslovakia. IM 1976 E [BW]

1942.06.05 = Abonyi, Istvan died in Budapest, Hungary. Hungarian master. E [BW]

1942.06.17 = Rajkovic b. Krusevac. GM 1977. Yugoslav ch 1983. IM 1974. E [BW]

1942.07 = US CH, New York, Reshevsky & Kashdan 1st; Resevsky wins playoff. E [BW]

1942.08 = Troitzky, founder of modern study composition, died of starvation in Leningrad. E [BW]

1942.08 = US Open, Dallas, Steiner & Yanofsky 1st. Directed by C.J. Thompson. E [BW]

1942.08.20 = Spielmann (b. 1883), Austrian master, died in Sweden. E [BW]

1942.11.11 = Goichberg, William born in New York City. FM 1983. Chess organizer. E [BW]

1942.11.27 = Jansa, Czech IGM, born. IM 1965. GM 1974. E [BW]

1943 = Tseitlin, Mark born. IM 1978. E [BW]

1943 = US Amateur ch - won by A. Mengarini. E [BW]

1943 = Wolf, Heinrich, Austrian master, died by the Nazis. E [BW]

1943.02.25 = Hoffman, Asa born. E [BW]

1943.03.09 = Fischer, Robert born in Chicago. IM 1957; GM 1958. World Ch 1972-75. E [BW]

1943.03.22 = Spassov, Liuben b. Bulg GM 1976. E [BW]

1943.03.27 = Gulbrandsen, Arne born in Moss, Norway. IM 1981. E [BW]

1943.03.28 = Behting (Betins), Karl died in Riga, Latvia. Behting variation. E [BW]

1943.03.31 = Zuckerman, Bernard born. E [BW]

1943.04.10 = SCHMIDT; Wlodimierz Schmidt b. Poznan. 4-time Polish ch. GM 1976. IM 1968. E [BW]

1943.04.14 = Nemet b. Sombor. Yugoslav ch 1979. GM 1978. IM 1976. E [BW]

1943.04.19 = Toth b. Italian IM 1974. E [BW]

1943.05.15 = Campos-Lopez, Mario born in Mexico. IM 1975. E [BW]

1943.05.18 = Sosonko b. Troitsk. 2-time Dutch ch. GM 1976. IM 1974. E [BW]

1943.07.04 = Rodrigues-Vargas, Peruvian IGM (1978) born. E [BW]

1943.08 = US Open, Syracuse, Horowitz 1st. E [BW]

1943.08.02 = Subramanian, S born. E [BW]

1943.08.06 = Pfleger b. Teplice-Sanor. West German ch 1965. GM 1975. IM 1965. Dr of psychology. E [BW]

1943.08.09 = Kavalek born in Prague. IM 1965. GM 1965. E [BW]

1943.09.26 = Gutierrez, Jose born in Columbia. IM 1972. E [BW]

1943.10.04 = Camaratta b. Top corr. player. E [BW]

1943.10.17 = Cunningham, Walter born in Los Angeles. E [BW]

1943.10.22 = Calvo-Minguez, Ricardo born in Alicante, Spain. IM 1973. E [BW]

1943.10.31 = Blagojevic, Katarina (ne Jovanovic) born in Belgrade. WIM 1964; WGM 1986. E [BW]

1943.11.11 = Adamski, Jan born in Warsaw, Poland. IM 1976. E [BW]

1943.11.18 = Bwee, Touw Hian born in Pekalongan, Java. IJComp 1977; IMComp 1977; GMComp 1984 E [BW]

1943.11.21 = Lee b. Br ch 1965. E [BW]

1943.12.01 = Enklaar, Bertus born in Amsterdam. IM 1973. E [BW]

1944 = STEINER; Endre Steiner, Hungarian player, died. E [BW]

1944 = WAGNER; Elbert Wagner elected USCF President. E [BW]

1944.01.11 = Botvinnik retains his title as Absolute Chess Ch of the USSR. E [BW]

1944.01.12 = Hort, Vlastimil born in Kladno, Czechoslovakia. IM 1962; GM 1965. E [BW]

1944.02.03 = Hodges, Albert Beauregard died in Staten Island at age 82. Operated Ajeeb. Won US ch 1894. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1944.02.26 = Averkin, Orest born in Russia. IM 1976. E [BW]

1944.03.27 = Hess, Ralf born in Luxemburg. IM 1980. E [BW]

1944.04.06 = Acers, Jude, American master, born in Long Beach. E [BW]

1944.04.06 = Gheorghiu, 1st Romanian to get IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1965. World Junior ch 1963. Romanian ch 8 times. E [BW]

1944.04.12 = Grau, Roberto died in Buenos Aires. Former South American champion and several time Argentina ch. E [BW]

1944.04.18 = Planinc, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1972. E [BW]

1944.04.27 = Westerinen, Finland IGM, born. Finnish ch 1965,66,68. IM 1967. GM 1975. E [BW]

1944.05.05 = Dzindzihashvili, Roman born in Tbilisi. IM 1970; GM 1977. US co-champ 1983. E [BW]

1944.05.07 = Denker wins US Ch, New York. (15.5-1.5). Won 9 straight games E [BW]

1944.05.07 = Gresser wins US women's championship. E [BW]

1944.05.21 = USSR Chess ch (13th) (National Chess Ch) begins in Moscow. E [BW]

1944.05.26 = Kristol b. Leningrad. World women's ch 1984. E [BW]

1944.06.13 = Lengyel, Levente b. Hungarian GM 1964. E [BW]

1944.06.21 = Botvinnik wins 13th National USSR Chess Championship, Moscow. E [BW]

1944.06.26 = Menchik, O. d. in a bombing raid. World challenger in 1935, 1937. E [BW]

1944.06.26 = MENCHIK; Vera Menchik-Stevenson (b. 1906) died in Kent from a bombing raid. E [BW]

1944.07.01 = Komljenovic, Davorin b. E [BW]

1944.07.04 = Garcia-Martinez, Silvino born in Havana. IM 1969. GM 1975. E [BW]

1944.08.10 = McCord, Dr. J.B. went 0 for 17 in the US Open. E [BW]

1944.08.10 = Reshevsky 1st at 45th US Open, Boston. E [BW]

1944.09.05 = Sloth b. Sjorring. European jr ch 1963-4. World corr ch 1980. E [BW]

1944.09.25 = Tseshkovsky, Vitaly born. IM 1973. GM 1975. E [BW]

1944.10.25 = Bang, Erik born in Horsens, Denmark. IMC 1974; GMC 1979. E [BW]

1944.11 = Jackson, E.S. wins the third U.S Amateur title in New York. E [BW]

1944.11.09 = Marshall (b. 1877), American master, died in Jersey City. E [BW]

1944.11.15 = Ree born. E [BW]

1944.12.20 = Sturgis, George died in Boston. President of USCF. E [BW]

1944.12.31 = Meyer, John born. E [BW]

1945 = 1st annual USCF golden knights postal championship; won by Rehberg. E [BW]

1945 = Canadian Chess Federation changes name to Chess Federation of Canada. E [BW]

1945 = PETROV; Vladimir Petrov died in prison camp. Born 1907. Latvian ch 1934,35,37. E [BW]

1945.01 = Gresser, Gisela plays 32 players simultaneously. Won 26, drew 2, lost 4. Record simul for a female. E [BW]

1945.02.06 = Cebalo, Miso born in Zagreb. IM 1978; GM 1985. E [BW]

1945.02.18 = Plachetka, Czech GM, born. E [BW]

1945.03.14 = Levy b. London. Scottish ch 1968, 1975. E [BW]

1945.03.21 = Martz born in Detroit. IM 1975. E [BW]

1945.04.09 = Tealsen born. E [BW]

1945.04.16 = Antunac, Goran born in Bari, Italy. Yugoslav IM 1975. E [BW]

1945.04.17 = Junge died, a German army officer killed in action. E [BW]

1945.04.17 = LASKER; Emanuel Lasker wins New York international. E [BW]

1945.05.15 = Pytel b. Polish IM 1975. E [BW]

1945.05.25 = Gesos, Pavlos born in Aetomilitsa, Greece. IM 1980. E [BW]

1945.06.01 = USSR Ch began (14th) in Moscow. E [BW]

1945.06.28 = Nicevski b. Yugoslav IM 1975. E [BW]

1945.07.02 = Botvinnik wins 14th USSR Ch in Moscow. E [BW]

1945.07.21 = Santasiere wins 46th US Open, Peoria, IL. 33 players. E [BW]

1945.07.25 = Martinovic b. Yugoslav IM 1976. E [BW]

1945.08.21 = Alburt, Lev born in Orenburg, Russia. IM 1976; GM 1977. US Ch 1984, 1985. E [BW]

1945.08.31 = Balla, Zoltan died in Budapest. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1945.09.01 = 1st Inter. sport of any kind after the war, usa-ussr radio match. USSR won 15.5 - 4.5. E [BW]

1945.09.02 = V-J Day. World War II ends. E [BW]

1945.09.04 = Fine plays 4 experts blindfolded, rapid transit, winning all 4. E [BW]

1945.09.11 = Kirov-Ivanov, Bulgarian IGM, born. IM 1972. GM 1975. Bulgarian ch 1973. E [BW]

1945.09.15 = Petran b. Hungarian IM 1976. E [BW]

1945.09.26 = Gutman, Lev born in Riga, Latvia. IM 1980; GM 1986. E [BW]

1945.10.10 = Razuvayev, Soviet IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1976. E [BW]

1945.10.14 = Baczynskyj, Boris born in Vienna. FM 1982. E [BW]

1945.11 = Ellis, Paul win US Amateur Ch in NY. E [BW]

1945.12.21 = Suttles born. IM 1967. GM 1973. E [BW]

1945.12.29 = 1st National Individual Intercollegiate Tournament, NY. E [BW]

1946 - Staunton Euwe / Kmoch Turnier. Q Groningen. 381 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1990

1946 = 1st time the USSR joined FIDE. E [BW]

1946 = International Corr Chess Fed created by FIDE. E [BW]

1946 = Karff wins US women's championship. E [BW]

1946 n. Chr. Gründung des Deutschen Fernschachbundes (BdF) [GH]

1946.01.09 = Hastings 1945/46. E [BW]

1946.01.09 = Salman, Nachum born. E [BW]

1946.01.19 = Kuzmin, Soviet IGM, born. GM 1973. E [BW]

1946.02.27 = Andersson, Goran born in Alvesta, Sweden. IMC 1979. E [BW]

1946.02.28 = Cvetkovic, Srdjan born in Sremska Mitrovica, Yugoslavia. IM 1980. E [BW]

1946.03.15 = Tukmakov born. E [BW]

1946.03.16 = Basman, Michael born in London. IM 1980. E [BW]

1946.03.21 = Gandev, Peter born in Sliven, Bulgaria. IMComp 1988. Leading composer of fairy problems. E [BW]

1946.03.22 = Smejkal, Czech player, born. IM 1970. GM 1972. E [BW]

1946.03.24 = Alekhine, Alexander died of a heart attack in Estoril, Portugal. E [BW]

1946.04.01 = Farago, Ivan born in Budapest. IM 1974; GM 1976. Hungarian ch 1986. E [BW]

1946.04.03 = Aeschlimann, Beat born in Switzerland. IA 1981. E [BW]

1946.04.06 = Holzl, Franz born in Kufstein, Austria. IM 1985. E [BW]

1946.04.18 = Rashkovsky, Naum born. IGM 1980. E [BW]

1946.05.13 = Locock d. Born in 1862. Br chess problem composer. E [BW]

1946.06.02 = Bronstein, Luis born in Cordoba, Argentina. IM 1978. E [BW]

1946.07.19 = Goumondy, Claude born in Belmont, France. IMComp 1979; GMComp 1984; IJComp 1984. E [BW]

1946.08 = US Open, Pittsburgh, Steiner 1st. 58 entries. 1st Swiss system for the US Open. E [BW]

1946.08.07 = Strauss, David born. E [BW]

1946.08.10 = Mariotti, Italian GM, born in Florence. IM 1969. 1st Italian GM 1974. Italian ch 1969, 1971. E [BW]

1946.08.13 = Groningen 1946 begins with 20 players. E [BW]

1946.08.20 = Zavanelli, Max born in Ohio. Corr player. E [BW]

1946.08.24 = Ivanovic b. Yugoslav IM 1976. E [BW]

1946.08.25 = Kelling, F.K. died in New Zealand. Grand old man of New Zealand chess. E [BW]

1946.09.01 = 1st USCF official publication, CHESS LIFE. E [BW]

1946.09.07 = Botvinnik wins 1st major international tourney after WW2, Groningen. E [BW]

1946.09.17 = USSR vs USA return match ends in Moscow. USSR wins E [BW]

1946.11 = 1st Central American Championship, held in Guatemala. Nicaragua won. E [BW]

1946.11.05 = Cetkovic, Miodrag born in Vladican-Han, Yugoslavia. IM 1983. E [BW]

1946.11.12 = Erenska-Radzewska, Hanna born in Poznan, Poland. WIM 1973; WGM 1981. E [BW]

1946.11.12 = Radzewska born. E [BW]

1946.11.17 = US Ch (6th), New York, Reshevsky 1st. Played on the 50th floor of the Chanin Bldg. 20 entries. E [BW]

1946.11.20 = Butnorius, Algimantas born in Russia. IM 1983. E [BW]

1946.12.19 = Shahade, Michael born. E [BW]

1946.12.30 = Amos, Bruce born in Toronto. IM 1969. E [BW]

1947 = 1st computer program for chess specified by A. Turing. E [BW]

1947 = 1st Idaho state championship, won by C.H. Stewart of Boise. E [BW]

1947 = 1st national championship of the Republic of the Philippines was won by Horacio Tagle. E [BW]

1947 = 1st national event to use the swiss system, the US Open. E [BW]

1947 = 1st Peru national championship; won by J. Perez. E [BW]

1947 = 1st postage stamp depicting chess issued in Bulgaria. E [BW]

1947 = Alden, Charles born. 1966 US Jr Ch. E [BW]

1947 = Gilchrist, Mary died in Scotland. British lady ch in 1920 and 1934. E [BW]

1947 = Nesis, Gennady born. ICCG 1985. E [BW]

1947 = O'Sullivan scored 1 draw and 12 losses at Hilversum Zonal. E [BW]

1947 = Robinson, Sir Robert wins 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Pres. of the Royal Society and chessplayer. E [BW]

1947 = Russell, Hanon born. E [BW]

1947.01 = Alexander, C.H.O'D wins Hastings 1946/47 with 7.5 - 1.5 score. E [BW]

1947.01 = Najdorf plays 45 opponents blindfold (+39=4-2) in 23.5 hours. E [BW]

1947.01.08 = Ivanov, Igor born. E [BW]

1947.02.09 = Gulko, Boris born in Erfurt, Germany. IM 1975. GM 1976. Moscow ch 1974. E [BW]

1947.02.24 = Devenney, Raymond born in Coleraine, Ulster. Ireland co-champ 1977. E [BW]

1947.03 = Belson, John Harold died. Canadian chess champion in 1934. E [BW]

1947.03 = Keres wins 15th USSR Championship in Leningrad (14-5 score). E [BW]

1947.03 = Najdorf wins Mar del Plata tournament. E [BW]

1947.03.05 = Blumenfeld, Boris died in Moscow. Russian chess theortician. Elo: 2390 E [BW]

1947.03.13 = Belson, John died in Toronto (age 41). Canadian champion in 1934, 1946. E [BW]

1947.03.24 = Hartoch, Robert b. Amsterdam. European jr ch 1963-64. IM 1971. E [BW]

1947.04.14 = Karlins, Andrew born. E [BW]

1947.05.20 = Kaidor b. Israeli IM 1975. E [BW]

1947.05.25 = Lederman born in USSR. IM 1976. Lives in Israel. E [BW]

1947.05.28 = Soltis, Andrew born in Hazleton, Pennsylvania. E [BW]

1947.06 = Kevitz, Alexander won the Manhattan CC Ch, 6.5 - 1.5. E [BW]

1947.06.01 = Suba, Romanian IGM (1978), born. IM 1975. GM 1978. E [BW]

1947.06.03 = Banas, Jan born in Nitra, Czechoslovakia. IM 1979. E [BW]

1947.06.16 = Narraway, James died in Canada (age 90). Canadian ch 1893, 1897, 1898. E [BW]

1947.06.16 = Tseitlin, Mikhail b. GM 1988. E [BW]

1947.06.29 = Yanofsky wins Canadian Championship held in Quebec. E [BW]

1947.07.01 = 1st tourney for World Corr. Chess Ch began; 78 players. Purdy won. E [BW]

1947.07.04 = Radashkovich b. IM 1976. Israeli. E [BW]

1947.07.27 = Grunberg, Sergiu-Henric born in Bucharest. IM 1985. E [BW]

1947.07.31 = O'Kelly wins 1st European Zonal tournament at Hilversum. E [BW]

1947.08 = Turco, Marquis Stefani Rosselli del died in Italy. Founder of the Italian Chess Fed. E [BW]

1947.08.01 = Post, E. died in Berlin (age 65). President of the German Chess Fed. E [BW]

1947.08.03 = Fernandez, Ciro born in Cuba. IM 1975. E [BW]

1947.08.05 = Debarnot, Roberto born in Argentina. IM 1977. E [BW]

1947.08.12 = Hartston, William born. IM 1973. Br ch 1973,75. E [BW]

1947.08.14 = Yoffie, Marc born. E [BW]

1947.08.22 = Golombek and Broadbent tie in the 1947 British Ch. E [BW]

1947.08.23 = Kashdan wins 48th US Open (11.5 - 1.5), Corpus Christi. (86 players are a record) E [BW]

1947.09.06 = Grefe, John born in Hoboken, NJ. IM 1975. US co-champ 1973. E [BW]

1947.09.07 = Grigorian, Karen born in Erevan, Armenia. IM 1982. E [BW]

1947.09.08 = Bleiman, Yacov born in Vilnius, Lithuania. IM 1971. E [BW]

1947.09.25 = Borik, Otto born in Prague. IM 1982. E [BW]

1947.09.25 = Sigurjonsson, Icelandic IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1975. E [BW]

1947.10.02 = Krnic b. Yugoslav IM 1976. E [BW]

1947.10.04 = Fatalibekova, Elena (ne Rubtsova) born in Moscow. WIM 1970; WGM 1977. E [BW]

1947.10.06 = Bazlov, Yuri born in Slavianka, Russia. Winner of the 15th USSR study-composing ch (1979-80) E [BW]

1947.10.14 = Suradiradja, Herman b. Indonesia GM 1977. E [BW]

1947.10.16 = Estevez-Morales, Guillermo born in Menesses, Cuba. IM 1972. E [BW]

1947.10.29 = Foigel, Igor born in Russia. IM 1982. E [BW]

1947.11.09 = Georgadze, Tamaz born in Tbilisi, Georgia. IM 1975; GM 1977. E [BW]

1947.11.15 = Kurajica, Yugoslav IGM, born. Won World Jr Ch 1965. GM 1973. E [BW]

1947.11.17 = Crown, Gordon dies at age 18 in Liverpool after an operation for appendicitis. E [BW]

1947.11.25 = Lechtynsky, Jiri b. Czech GM 1982. E [BW]

1947.11.29 = Hennig, Heinrich died in Kiel, Germany. Hennig-Schara Gambit. Admiral. E [BW]

1947.12.09 = Dvoretsky, Mark born in Moscow. IM 1975. Leading Russian chess trainer. E [BW]

1947.12.09 = Hartston-Miles-Bellin, Jana (ne Malypetrova) born in Prague. WIM 1969; WGM 1982. E [BW]

1947.12.09 = MILES; Jana Malypetrova Hartston Miles b. Prague. 8-time Br women's ch. E [BW]

1947.12.18 = Basagic, Zlatko born in Derventa, Yugoslavia. IM 1986. E [BW]

1947.12.28 = Quinteros, Argentine IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1973. E [BW]

1948 = 1st British Girls Ch won by A. Pocknell. E [BW]

1948 = 1st Russian woman to achieve a master's rating - Elizabeth Bykova. E [BW]

1948 = Evans (age 16) captures Marshall Club Ch. E [BW]

1948 = Markwick, F.W. died (age 85) while playing chess at Leigh-on-Sea. Chess correspondent for 44 years. E [BW]

1948 = Mukhin b. IM 1975. Died in 1977 E [BW]

1948 n. Chr. Erster Weltmeisterschaftskampf nach dem zweiten Weltkrieg. Es gewann Botvinnik vor Smyslov, Reshevsky, Keres und Euwe.seit 1952 Mannschaftsweltmeister Sowjetunion, welche das Schachspiel sehr förderte. [GH]

1948.01 = FINE; "Practical Chess Openings" by Fine published. E [BW]

1948.01 = Szabo, Laszlo won Hastings 1947-48 (7.5 - 1.5). E [BW]

1948.01.14 = Atanasov Petkov, Petko born in Bulgaria. IM 1983 E [BW]

1948.01.27 = Vadasz, Laszlo b. Hungarian IM 1975. GM 1976. E [BW]

1948.01.29 = Keene born. IM 1972. 2nd British GM 1976. Br ch 1971. E [BW]

1948.02.14 = Govedarica, Radovan born in Vrbas, Yugoslavia. IM 1980. E [BW]

1948.03.02 = World championship match-tournament begins, The Hague. E [BW]

1948.03.03 = Despotovic, Momcilo born in Belgrade. IM 1978; IMC 1982. E [BW]

1948.03.14 = Bjelajac, Milan born in Skopje. IM 1982. E [BW]

1948.03.16 = Lemachko born. E [BW]

1948.04.24 = Hase, Juan born in Argentina. IM 1982. E [BW]

1948.05.05 = Honlinger met 213 opponents; won 187, drew 13, lost 13 in 12.5 hours without a break. E [BW]

1948.05.06 = Harding, Timothy born in England. Author. E [BW]

1948.05.17 = Botvinnik wins at The Hague/Moscow to become world champion. Wins $5,000. E [BW]

1948.06.09 = Simic, Radoslav b. Yug GM 1984. E [BW]

1948.07.16 = Boersma, Paulus born in Leewarden, Netherlands. IM 1986. E [BW]

1948.07.17 = Adams, Weaver wins 49th US Open, Baltimore. E [BW]

1948.07.24 = Bisguier wins US Jr Championship held at Oak Ridge, TN. E [BW]

1948.08.11 = FIDE General Meeting (19th) starts at Saltsjobaden, Sweden. E [BW]

1948.08.15 = Bronstein wins 1st interzonal at Saltjobaden. Survived an assassin. 1st place was $550. E [BW]

1948.08.25 = Braun, Marilyn (Koput, Simmons) born in Milwaukee. WIM 1972. E [BW]

1948.08.29 = Crittenden, Kit wins NC state ch at age 13, nation's youngest state ch. E [BW]

1948.08.31 = Gresser and Karff become US women's co-champions. E [BW]

1948.08.31 = Steiner, Herman wins 7th US Ch in South Fallsburg, NY. E [BW]

1948.09 = Price, Edith wins Br Women's ch in London at age 76. Oldest champ ever. E [BW]

1948.09.30 = Djukic, Zeljko born in Glamoc, Yugoslavia. IM 1986. E [BW]

1948.11.06 = Hubner, Robert born in Cologne. IM 1969; GM 1971. E [BW]

1948.11.20 = 1st Soviet stamp issued to mark the world chess championship match. E [BW]

1948.12.02 = Angantysson, Haukur born in Flateyri, Iceland. IM 1981. E [BW]

1948.12.14 = Bronstein and Kotov tie in the 16th USSR Ch, Moscow. E [BW]

1949 = 1st Northern California - Southerna California annual match. E [BW]

1949 = 1st USSR correspondence chess championship tournament. E [BW]

1949 = Evans wins Marshall Club Ch. E [BW]

1949 = Fine wins New York International. E [BW]

1949 = ICCF; International Cr. Chess Fed (ICCF) replaces International Chess Assn. E [BW]

1949 = Israeli Chess Federation founded. E [BW]

1949 = Rueb, President of FIDE for 25 years, retired. Rogard becomes FIDE President. E [BW]

1949 = Shannon presents a paper on programming a computer for chess. E [BW]

1949 = SILENT; Formation of International Committee on Silent Chess (Copenhaen). E [BW]

1949 = Tranmer, E. scored a perfect 11-0 score in the British Ladies' Ch. E [BW]

1949.01.05 = Espig, Lutz born in Greiz, Germany. IM 1972; GM 1983. E [BW]

1949.01.08 = Botterill, George born in Yorkshire, England. Br ch 1974. IM 1978. E [BW]

1949.01.08 = Rossolimo wins Hastings 1948/49. E [BW]

1949.01.10 = Browne, Walter born in Sydney, Australia. IM 1969; GM 1970. US Ch 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1983. E [BW]

1949.02.01 = Day, Lawrence born in Kitchener, Ontario. IM 1972. E [BW]

1949.03.05 = Vaiser, Anatoly b. Alma Alta. GM 1985. E [BW]

1949.03.12 = Balashov, Yuri born in Shadrinsk, Russia. IM 1970; GM 1973. E [BW]

1949.04.10 = Didishko, Vereslov born in Minsk. IM 1982 E [BW]

1949.04.27 = Timoshenko born. IM 1976. E [BW]

1949.05.02 = Raicevic b. IM 1975. GM 1976. Yugoslavia. E [BW]

1949.05.21 = Ghizdavu, Dumitru born in Bucharest. IM 1972. E [BW]

1949.07 = 1st FIDE Grandmaster list. 17 GMs. (CHESS 7/49,213; 10/49,14) E [BW]

1949.07.03 = Kupreichik born. E [BW]

1949.07.22 = Markzon, Gregory born. E [BW]

1949.07.25 = Ghinda, Mihai-Viorel born in Bucharest. IM 1977. E [BW]

1949.08 = US Open, Omaha, Alburt Sandrin 1st (half blind). E [BW]

1949.08.08 = Opening day of the 1st British Ch run as a Swiss, at Felixstowe. E [BW]

1949.08.28 = O'Connell, Kevin b. British writer. E [BW]

1949.09 = Golombek wins British Ch. 1st British Ch to use the Swiss system. E [BW]

1949.09 = Mackenzie, A.J. died in Hastings. 3-time Scottish Ch. E [BW]

1949.09.14 = Zlotnikov, Mikhail born. E [BW]

1949.09.29 = Ermenkov, Evgeny born in Sofia. 5-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1974; GM 1977. E [BW]

1949.10.13 = Alexandria, Nana born in Poti, Georgia. 3-time USSR women's ch. WIM 1966; WGM 1976 E [BW]

1949.11.10 = Antonov Nikolov, Vladimir born in Pernik, Bulgaria. IM 1980. E [BW]

1949.11.20 = Bronstein and Smyslov tie in 17th USSR Ch. E [BW]

1949.11.23 = Hernandez, Roman born in Santiago, Cuba. IM 1975; GM 1978. Cuban ch 1981-82. IM 1975. E [BW]

1949.12.05 = Koltanowski played 257 games in 12 hours in San Francisco. Played 37 at a time. E [BW]

1950 = BONHAM; International Braille Assn founded by R. Bonham. E [BW]

1950 = CORR; 1st individual world correspondence championship began. E [BW]

1950 = ICCF; The International Correspondence Chess Federation formed. E [BW]

1950 = KAPLAN; Julio Kaplan born. E [BW]

1950 = LONG GAME; Pilnik-Czerniak, 191 move draw, 23 hours. Mar del Plata. E [BW]

1950 = Najdorf played 250 games simultaneously, won 226, drew 14, lost 10. E [BW]

1950 = PHILLIPS; Harold Phillips elected USCF president. E [BW]

1950.01 = Szabo wins Hastings 1949/50. E [BW]

1950.01.12 = Rowley, Robert born. E [BW]

1950.01.15 = Boehm, Hans born in the Netherlands. Dutch IM 1975. E [BW]

1950.01.18 = Rudenko, Liudmila wins Women's World Ch, Moscow. 16 players. 11.5-6.5 score. E [BW]

1950.02.11 = SVESHNIKOV; Evgeny Sveshnikov b. Cheliabinsk. GM 1977. E [BW]

1950.02.23 = Budinszky, Maria (nee Ivanka) born in Budapset. WIM 1968. E [BW]

1950.02.25 = Frey, Kenneth born in Neuilly, France. IM 1975. E [BW]

1950.02.28 = LERNER; Konstantin Lerner b. Odessa. GM 1986. E [BW]

1950.03.24 = Babula, Milan born in Uhersky Brod, Czechoslovakia. FM 1981; IM 1983. E [BW]

1950.03.26 = Palatnik, Semen b. GM 1978. E [BW]

1950.03.31 = Adorjan, Andras born in Budapest. IM 1970; GM 1973. Born Jocha. E [BW]

1950.04.16 = Bouaziz, Slim born in Tunisia. IM 1975. E [BW]

1950.04.23 = RANTANEN; Yrjo Rantanen b. Tampere. 2-time Finnish ch. GM 1981. E [BW]

1950.05.01 = Bronstein, Boleslavsky win 1st candidates tournament, Budapest, (won $5,000) E [BW]

1950.05.01 = CORR; Start of 1st corr. world ch finals. Won by Purdy. E [BW]

1950.05.08 = Bellon-Lopez, Juan born in Valencia, Spain. 5-time Spanish ch. GM 1979. IM 1974. E [BW]

1950.06.18 = Borm, Franciscus born in Roosendaal, Netherlands. IM 1986. E [BW]

1950.07 = FIDE met in Copenhagen. 27 GMs. (CHESS 8/1950, 208) E [BW]

1950.07.05 = Diaz, Joaquin Carlos born in Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Cuban IM 1975. E [BW]

1950.07.09 = LUKACS; Peter Lukacs b. Hungarian IM 1976. E [BW]

1950.07.22 = Chevaldonnet, Francois born in Reims, France. IM 1985. E [BW]

1950.07.22 = US Open, Detroit, Bisguier 1st. (120 players). Score was 9-3. E [BW]

1950.07.31 = CANDIDATES; Start of 1st Candidates playoff, Bronstein-Boleslavsky, Moscow. E [BW]

1950.08 = SILANS; C. Chaude de Silans is 1st lady to play in men's olympiad. E [BW]

1950.08 = THOMAS; Sir T. Thomas is only blind player to play in a chess olympiad. E [BW]

1950.08.27 = Bronstein wins Candidates playoff, 7.5-6.5, against Boleslavsky. E [BW]

1950.08.27 = UBILAVA; Elizbar Ubilava b. Tbilisi. GM 1988. E [BW]

1950.09.02 = Broadbent wins British Ch. at Buxton. E [BW]

1950.09.10 = Dubrovnik Olympiad; Yugoslavia 1st, US 4th. (1st post-war olympiad). 16 countries E [BW]

1950.09.11 = Harandi,Khossrow born in Iran. Iran IM 1975. E [BW]

1950.09.11 = Meduna, Eduard b. Czech GM 1987. E [BW]

1950.09.19 = LOMBARD; Andre Lombard b. Swiss ch 1975. IM 1976. E [BW]

1950.09.30 = Robinson, Robert elected President of the British Chess Fed. E [BW]

1950.10.04 = Giffard, Nicolas born in La Baule, France. IM 1980. E [BW]

1950.10.04 = WEINSTEIN; Norman Weinstein born. E [BW]

1950.11 = 1st USCF rating list (2306 players, Fine is #1, Reshevsky #2) (CHESS 2/51,96) E [BW]

1950.11.01 = Bradford, Joseph born in Meridian, MS. FM. E [BW]

1950.11.02 = LJUBO; Lubomir Ljubojevic, Yugoslav IGM, born. GM 1971. E [BW]

1950.11.19 = Biyiasas, Peter born in Athens. 3-time Canadian ch. IM 1972; GM 1978. E [BW]

1950.11.27 = Birnboim, Nathan born in Tel Aviv. IM 1978. E [BW]

1950.12 = Verlinsky, Boris died in USSR. Born 1887. IM 1950. USSR ch 1929. E [BW]

1950.12.12 = Keres wins 18th USSR Ch. E [BW]

1950.12.24 = Dobrovolsky, Ladislav born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia. FM 1981; IM 1982. E [BW]

1951 = ARBITER; Internatioal arbiter (judge) title created by FIDE. E [BW]

1951 = BRAILLE; International Braille Chess Association founded by R. Bonham. Affiliated with FIDE in 1964. E [BW]

1951 = COLLEGE; Columbia wins 16-team intercollegiate championship. E [BW]

1951 = CORR; 1st USSR cr ch won by Konstantinopolsky. E [BW]

1951 = Keres wins 19th USSR Championship in Moscow. E [BW]

1951 = Najdorf wins Amsterdam international. E [BW]

1951 = Pachl, Franz born. German problemist and German ch of mini-golf in 1977. E [BW]

1951 = STAMP; 1st postage stamp portraying a master issued in Cuba. E [BW]

1951 = Wade played 30 Russian boys in Moscow. Drew 10, lost 20. E [BW]

1951 = White, Alain died. E [BW]

1951.01.04 = Ervin, Roy born. E [BW]

1951.01.06 = Unzicker wins Hastings 1950/51. E [BW]

1951.01.16 = Hundsdorfer, Wolfgang died in Freissing, Germany. Problemist. E [BW]

1951.01.19 = Hernandez, Jose born in Cuba. IM 1977. E [BW]

1951.02.10 = Peters, John born. E [BW]

1951.02.14 = Abramovic, Bosko born in Zrenjanin, Yugoslavia. IM 1980; GM 1984. E [BW]

1951.02.21 = Dory, Jeno born in Budapest. IM 1986. E [BW]

1951.03.25 = Botvinnik-Bronstein match, Moscow (1st under FIDE rules) E [BW]

1951.03.29 = VELIKOV; Petar Velikov b. Bulgarian IM 1975. E [BW]

1951.04.05 = Barreras, Alberto born in Cienfuegos, Cuba. IM 1981 E [BW]

1951.04.25 = Savage, Allan born. E [BW]

1951.05.03 = Purdy won Australian ch for 4th time. Won in 1934,1937,1948. E [BW]

1951.05.11 = Botvinnik draws Bronstein to retain world ch., Moscow. E [BW]

1951.05.11 = Wall, William Dale born in Raymond, Washington. Chess author & organizer. E [BW]

1951.05.23 = KARPOV; Anatoly Karpov born in Zlatoust, USSR. E [BW]

1951.05.25 = Hulak, Krunoslav born in Osijek, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav ch 1976. GM 1976. IM 1974. E [BW]

1951.05.28 = Horvath, Gyula born in Bacsalmas, Hungary. IM 1986. E [BW]

1951.05.29 = Maroczy, Geza (b. 1870), Yugoslav IGM, died in Budapest. GM 1950. E [BW]

1951.06.11 = 1st world jr. championship, Birmingham, England starts. Ivkov 1st. E [BW]

1951.06.11 = Boudy, Julio born in Cuba. IM 1975. E [BW]

1951.06.14 = Fedder, Steen born in Copenhagen. IM 1982. E [BW]

1951.06.18 = SAX; Gyula Sax, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1972. GM 1976. E [BW]

1951.06.27 = Andersson, Ulf born in Vasteras, Sweden. IM 1970; GM 1972. E [BW]

1951.07 = US Ch, New York, Evans 1st. E [BW]

1951.07.23 = Commons, Kim born in Lancaster, CA. IM 1976. E [BW]

1951.07.29 = Coudari, Camille born in Aleppo, Syria. Canadian IM 1979. E [BW]

1951.08 = US Open, Fort Worth, Evans 1st. (98 players) E [BW]

1951.08.02 = Fernandez, Juan born in Argentina. IM 1975. E [BW]

1951.08.25 = Dann, Stephen born in Worcester, MA. Chess magazine editor. E [BW]

1951.09.02 = Salgado, Robert born. E [BW]

1951.09.05 = Watson, John born. E [BW]

1951.09.06 = RIBLI; Zoltan Ribli, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1973. Hunarian ch 1973,74. E [BW]

1951.10.14 = Interzonal at Stockholm, Sweden. E [BW]

1951.10.15 = VAGANIAN; Rafael Vaganian born. E [BW]

1951.10.23 = Horvath, Tamas born in Zalaegerszeg, Hungary. IM 1982. E [BW]

1951.10.31 = Anton, Volker-Michael born in Magdeburg, Germany. IMC 1983. E [BW]

1951.11.04 = TORRE; Eugenio Torre, Filipino IGM, born. E [BW]

1951.11.20 = Hresc, Vladimir born in Zemun, Yugoslavia. IM 1985. E [BW]

1951.12.02 = Koltanowski won 43, drew 5, lost 2 in 10 seconds-per-move blindfold chess in 9 hours of play in SF. E [BW]

1951.12.05 = Ardiansyah, H. born in Bandjermasin, Indonesia. IM 1969; GM 1986. E [BW]

1951.12.08 = DeFotis, Gregory born in Chicago. E [BW]

1951.12.11 = Blake, Joseph died in Kingston-Upon-Thames. Br ch 1909. Br corr. ch 1922. E [BW]

1951.12.14 = Timman, Dutch IGM, born. E [BW]

1951.12.16 = Dawson, Thomas died in London. Pioneer of fairy chess. Born in 1889. Rubber chemistry expert. E [BW]

1951.12.20 = Arapovic, Vitomir born in Mostar, Yugoslavia. IM 1979. E [BW]

1951.12.24 = PIASETSKI; Leon Piasetski, Canadian IM, born. IM 1975. E [BW]

1952 = Evans defeats Steiner 10-4 in a US Championship match. E [BW]

1952 = Gligoric wins Hastings 1951/52. E [BW]

1952 = POUTIANEN; Pertti Poutianen b. Finnish ch 1974. IM 1976. Died 1978. E [BW]

1952 = Reshevsky defeats Najdorf for the unofficial ch of the west. E [BW]

1952 = STUDENT; 1st international tournament for students, Liverpool. E [BW]

1952.01.04 = SZYMCZAK; Zbigniew Szymczak born. E [BW]

1952.01.05 = OGAARD; Leif Ogaard b. Norwegian IM 1974. E [BW]

1952.01.10 = Romanishin, Oleg born. IM 1973. E [BW]

1952.01.17 = VOGT; Lothar Vogt, East German IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1976. E [BW]

1952.01.23 = Mecking, Brazilian IGM (1972), born. E [BW]

1952.01.28 = Arbakov, Valentine born. Rated 2640 as an IM. E [BW]

1952.02.02 = Andres-Mendez, Miguel born in Havana. IM 1984. E [BW]

1952.02.13 = Combe, Robert died in Aberdeen, Scotland. Br ch 1946. E [BW]

1952.02.17 = Montgomery, Parker born. E [BW]

1952.02.22 = Tarjan, James born. GM 1976. E [BW]

1952.02.26 = Rinck, Henri (b. 1870), chess composer, died in Barcelona. E [BW]

1952.03.04 = Eslon, Jaan born in Falkoping, Sweden. IM 1977. E [BW]

1952.03.11 = Foltys, Jan died in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1943. IM 1950. Qualified for Interzonal but died of leukemia. E [BW]

1952.03.21 = Barle, Janez born in Rijeka, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav IM 1976. E [BW]

1952.04 = Koltanowski beats Bogart in blindfold play. (CHESS 5/52,159 - game). E [BW]

1952.04.16 = Afek, Yochanan born in Tel Aviv. FM 1986 Born Kopelovich. IJComp 1988; IMComp 1989. E [BW]

1952.04.24 = Heathcote, Godfrey died in Cheltenham, England. Composer. E [BW]

1952.04.24 = ORNSTEIN; Axel Ornstein b. Swedish ch 1975. IM 1975. E [BW]

1952.05.01 = Dorfman, Iosif born in Russia. IM 1977; GM 1978. E [BW]

1952.05.16 = Winslow, Elliot born. E [BW]

1952.05.17 = Leverett, Bruce born. E [BW]

1952.06.10 = Day, Angela born in Canada. WIM 1982. E [BW]

1952.06.17 = Bogoljubov, Efim German IGM, died in Triberg, Germany after a simul exhibition. E [BW]

1952.06.27 = Meyer, Eugene born. E [BW]

1952.06.29 = Sher, Miron b. URS GM 1992. E [BW]

1952.06.30 = Bellin, Robert born in Great Yarmouth, England. Br co-Ch 1974. IM 1977. E [BW]

1952.07.07 = JAMIESON; Robert Jamieson b. Australian IM 1975. E [BW]

1952.07.11 = SHARIF; Mehrshad Sharif b. Iranian IM 1975. E [BW]

1952.07.16 = Hardicsay, Peter born in Vac, Hungary. IM 1986. E [BW]

1952.07.17 = PLATOV; Vasily Platov (b. 1881), soviet chess composer, died. E [BW]

1952.07.26 = US Open, Tampa, Evans 1st. E [BW]

1952.09 = OLY; Helsinki olympiad, USSR 1st; us 5th. E [BW]

1952.09.07 = Napier, William (b. 1881), American master, died in Washington DC. E [BW]

1952.09.10 = Hug, Werner born in Feldmeilen, Switzerland. World jr ch 1971. Swiss ch 1975. IM 1971 E [BW]

1952.09.19 = Chellstorp, Craig born in Chicago. US Jr Ch. 1972. E [BW]

1952.10 = Saltsjobaden (Stockholm) Interzonal, Kotov 1st. 21 players E [BW]

1952.10.19 = Haik, Aldo born in Tunis. IM 1977. E [BW]

1952.10.20 = SERGEANT; Philip Sergeant, chess author, died. E [BW]

1952.11.20 = Bikova wins Women's Candidates for the World Championship, Moscow. E [BW]

1952.11.21 = Shirazi, Kamran born. E [BW]

1952.12 = Ratings, USCF: Reshevsky 2751, Fine 2676, Evans 2660 (CHESS 12/52,47) E [BW]

1952.12.18 = Evans, Larry David born in New York City. IM 1980. E [BW]

1953 - Schachelite im Kampf Neuhausen und Zürich. Q Euwe 379 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1986

1953 - Sternstunden des Schachs Zürich. Q Bronstein 223 Seiten - gebunden - Sportverlag Berlin 1983

1953 = 1st Bognor Regis Chess Congress, England. E [BW]

1953 = 1st Br jr ch; won by D. Griffiths. E [BW]

1953 = 1st chess book published by the Tatar language, by Neimetdinov. E [BW]

1953 = 1st Clare Benedict International Team Tournament, won by the Dutch. E [BW]

1953 = CORR; Titles of GM of corr. chess and IM for corr. chess instituted. E [BW]

1953 = DEAF; 1st team championship for the deaf (Norway). E [BW]

1953 = Karff wins US women's championship. E [BW]

1953 = Keres becomes 1st sportsman of the year in chess in USSR. E [BW]

1953 n. Chr. In Zürich gewann Smyslov das Kanditatenturnier zur Schachweltmeisterschaft. [GH]

1953.01 = 1st FIDE bulletin published. E [BW]

1953.01.09 = Hastings 1952/53 over. 4-way tie. E [BW]

1953.01.10 = SCOTT; R. Scott d. Born 1889. Br ch 1920. E [BW]

1953.02.09 = Taylor, Timothy born. E [BW]

1953.02.23 = Bielczyk, Jacek born in Katowice, Poland. IM 1979. E [BW]

1953.03.07 = Erdelyi, Tamas born in Hungary. IM 1986. E [BW]

1953.03.16 = KNAAK; Rainer Knaak, East German IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1975. E German ch 1974. E [BW]

1953.03.20 = Dobosz, Henryk born in Lublin, Poland. IM 1978. E [BW]

1953.03.22 = ROGOFF; Kenneth Rogoff, US IGM (1978), born. IM 1974. E [BW]

1953.03.31 = CORR; End of 1st world corr. ch. Won by Cecil Purdy with 10.5 score. E [BW]

1953.04.08 = Castro-Rojas, Oscar born in Columbia. IM 1975. E [BW]

1953.05.01 = Dorfman, Josef born. GM. E [BW]

1953.06.14 = Hazai, Laszlo born in Budapest. IM 1977. E [BW]

1953.07 = 1st British Lightning Chess Ch (10 seconds a move); won by Paul List. E [BW]

1953.07 = 1st British Lightning Chess Champion - Leonard Barden. E [BW]

1953.07 = 2nd World jr. ch, Copenhagen, Panno, Darga 1st. E [BW]

1953.07.28 = CANDIDATES; 2nd Candidates tournament, Zurich, Smyslov 1st. E [BW]

1953.08 = US Open, Milwaukee, Donald Byrne 1st, wins $1,500 (182 players). E [BW]

1953.08.19 = Beil, Zdenek born in Frydek-Mistek, Czechoslovakia. IM 1985. E [BW]

1953.09.04 = STEAN; Michael Stean, British IGM (1977), born. IM 1975. E [BW]

1953.09.11 = Berry, Jonathan born in Chilliwack, British Columbia. IA 1975; IMC 1983; FM 1984; GMC 1985 E [BW]

1953.09.26 = Gurgenidze, David born in Russia. IMComp 1980; GMComp 1990. E [BW]

1953.10.05 = Panchenko, Aleksander b. GM 1980. E [BW]

1953.10.20 = Biriescu, Ion born in Darova-Timis, Romania. IM 1979. E [BW]

1953.10.24 = Smyslov wins 2nd Candidates tourney, Zurich. E [BW]

1953.11.09 = PINTER; Joszef Pinter b. Budapest. GM 1982. IM 1976. E [BW]

1953.11.17 = Makarichev, Sergei b. Moscow. GM 1976. IM 1974. E [BW]

1953.11.26 = World Women's Championship finished in Moscow. E [BW]

1953.11.30 = Gruchaz, Robert born. IM 1980. E [BW]

1953.12.02 = Garcia-Palermo, Carlos born in La Plata, Argentina. IM 1981; GM 1985. E [BW]

1953.12.03 = BALLET; 1st ballet on ice, Sinbad the Sailor, with a chess theme, London. E [BW]

1953.12.08 = Grigorov, Iordan born in Sofia, Bulgaria. IM 1979 E [BW]

1953.12.09 = Garcia-Gonzales, Guillermo born in Las Villas, Cuba. 3-time Cuban ch. GM 1976. IM 1974. E [BW]

1953.12.16 = Gonzales, Jorge born in Bogota, Columbia. IM 1977. E [BW]

1953.12.16 = Petrosian, Arshak b. GM 1984. E [BW]

1953.12.17 = Beliavsky, Alexander born in Lvov, Ukraine. IM 1973; GM 1975. World Jr ch 1973. USSR ch 1974 E [BW]

1954 = Alice chess invented by Vernon Parton (1897-1974). E [BW]

1954 = Lombardy (16) wins NY state championship. E [BW]

1954 = OLY; 1st Student Olympiad, world youth team ch, Oslo, won by Czechoslovakia. E [BW]

1954 = USSR beats US, 20-12, in 8-board match in NY. E [BW]

1954.02.23 = Mieses (b. 1865), IGM, died (1st British player to get IGM). E [BW]

1954.02.28 = Kopec, Danny born. E [BW]

1954.03 = RATINGS; 1st British Grading List published (49 names). (BCF) E [BW]

1954.03.09 = Garcia, Gildardo born in Medellin, Columbia. IM 1979. E [BW]

1954.03.16 = Botvinnik-Smyslov match, Moscow, begins. E [BW]

1954.03.25 = Liebowitz, Errol born. E [BW]

1954.05.03 = Fernandez-Garcia, Jose born in Portugalete, Spain. IM 1980; GM 1986. E [BW]

1954.05.10 = Epstein, Esther born. WIM 1972. E [BW]

1954.05.13 = Botvinnik draws with Smyslov to retain world ch title. E [BW]

1954.05.14 = Cooper, John born in Cardiff, Wales. IM 1984. E [BW]

1954.06.08 = Levitina, Irina born. E [BW]

1954.06.12 = Orton, William born. E [BW]

1954.06.18 = Ambroz, Jan born in Lanskroun, Czechoslovakia. IM 1980. E [BW]

1954.06.23 = Arkhipov, Sergey born in Moscow. IM 1985; GM 1992. E [BW]

1954.07 = US ch, New York, Bisguier 1st. E [BW]

1954.07.08 = Levitina born. WGM 1976. E [BW]

1954.07.18 = Bjarnason, Saevar born in Iceland. IM 1985. E [BW]

1954.08 = Gresser wins US women's open. E [BW]

1954.08 = OLY; Amsterdam Olympiad, USSR 1st. E [BW]

1954.08 = US Open, New Orleans, Evans 1st on t-b over Pomar (110 players). E [BW]

1954.08.23 = Harper, Bruce born in Vancouver, British Columbia. FM 1983. E [BW]

1954.08.28 = Silman, Jeremy born. E [BW]

1954.09.06 = Agzamov, Georgy born in Almalik, Russia. IM 1982; GM 1984. Died 1986. E [BW]

1954.11.03 = Alekhina, Natalia born in Russia. WIM 1984. E [BW]

1954.11.08 = Mikhalchisin b. Lvov. GM 1978. E [BW]

1954.11.10 = Spraggett, Canadian IGM (1985), born. IM 1975. E [BW]

1954.11.23 = Bernard, Henry died in England. Problemist. E [BW]

1954.11.25 = Savereide, Diane born. E [BW]

1954.12.06 = Armas, Asela born in Cuba. WIM 1978. E [BW]

1954.12.14 = Moore, Bobby born. E [BW]

1954.12.24 = Delaune, Richard born. E [BW]

1954.12.31 = Znosko-Borovsky (b. 1884), Russian master & author, died. E [BW]

1955 = ACF; Formation of American Chess Foundation E [BW]

1955 = BLIND; Start of 1st Blind Corr, World Ch. Won by R. Bonham. E [BW]

1955 = Fordham wins national intercollegiate team title. E [BW]

1955 = Gresser and Nancy Roos become US women's co-champions. E [BW]

1955 = USSR beats US, 25-7, in Moscow match. E [BW]

1955.01.06 = Marjanovic b. Lalinac. Yugoslav ch 1985. GM 1978. E [BW]

1955.01.23 = Biyiases, Ruth (ne Haring, Orton) born in Bourne, MA. E [BW]

1955.01.23 = Haring, Ruth (Orton, Biyiasas) born in Bourne, MA. WIM 1977. E [BW]

1955.01.31 = Atkins, Henry died in Huddersfield, England. IM 1950. 9-time Br Ch (1905-1911, 1924, 1925). E [BW]

1955.02.05 = Barnes, Craig born in Norman, OK. US master. E [BW]

1955.02.08 = Szekely b. Hungarian IM 1976. E [BW]

1955.02.20 = Shapiro, Daniel born. E [BW]

1955.03 = RATING; USCF rating list: Reshevsky (2766), Evans (2629, R. Byrne (2621) E [BW]

1955.03.20 = Schiller, Eric born. E [BW]

1955.04.23 = Miles, US IGM (1976), born in England. 1st British GM. E [BW]

1955.04.25 = Nunn born. IM 1975. GM 1978. European Jr ch 1975. E [BW]

1955.04.26 = Armas, Iulius born in Bucharest. IM 1985. E [BW]

1955.05.16 = Murray (b. 1868), chess historian, died. E [BW]

1955.05.18 = Harley, Brian died in Bognor Regis, England. Composer. E [BW]

1955.05.27 = Alzate, Dario born in Columbia. IM 1984. E [BW]

1955.06 = World jr. ch, Antwerp, Spassky 1st. E [BW]

1955.06.28 = Blocker, Calvin born in Cleveland. FM 1981; IM 1982. E [BW]

1955.07.07 = Bonin, Jay born. IM 1985. E [BW]

1955.07.10 = Schneider b. Swedish IM 1976. E [BW]

1955.07.11 = Karlsson b. Stockholm. GM 1982. E [BW]

1955.07.15 = Frankle, Jon born. E [BW]

1955.07.26 = Djuric, Stefan born in Belgrade. IM 1978; GM 1982. E [BW]

1955.08 = US Open, Long Beach, Rossolimo 1st. (wins 1955 buick) (156 players) E [BW]

1955.09.11 = Arne, Mike born. E [BW]

1955.10 = INTERZONAL; Gothenburg interzonal, Bronstein 1st. E [BW]

1955.10.25 = Angelova (Chilingirova), Pavlina born in Bulgaria. WIM 1982. E [BW]

1955.11.23 = Lederer died. E [BW]

1955.11.25 = Steiner, Herman, 50, dies during the California state championship. E [BW]

1955.11.27 = Chekhov, Valery born in Russia. World jr ch 1975. IM 1975; GM 1984. E [BW]

1955.12.11 = Griffith died in Hendon, England. British ch 1912. Co-author of MCO. E [BW]

1955.12.11 = Lukov, Valentin b. Bulgarian GM 1988. E [BW]

1955.12.13 = Loginov, Valery b. GM 1991. E [BW]

1955.12.18 = Winter d. of TB. Br ch 1935, 1936. Born 1898. E [BW]

1955.12.24 = Kuligowski b. Warsaw. Polish ch 1978. GM 1980. E [BW]

1956 = 1st Alekhine Memorial, Moscow; won by Botvinnik & Smyslov. E [BW]

1956 = Bernstein plays in Ostend at age 74. Also played bd 1 for France. E [BW]

1956 = China officially sponsors chess as a competitive sport. E [BW]

1956 = DEAF; 1st world championship for the deaf and dumb. E [BW]

1956 = Fischer wins us junior title, scoring 8.5-1.5 in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1956 = Price d. London. 5-time Br ladies ch. Challenger 1927, 1933. E [BW]

1956 = Sozin (b. 1896), Russian master, died. E [BW]

1956.01.09 = Grunberg, Hans-Ulrich born in Schwerin, Germany. IM 1981. E [BW]

1956.02.05 = Tartakower (b. 1887), IGM, died. E [BW]

1956.02.10 = Frias-Apablaza, Victor born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1982. E [BW]

1956.02.28 = Gruenfeld, Yehuda born in Zcerdziniov, Poland. IM 1978; GM 1980. Israeli ch 1982. Deaf mute. E [BW]

1956.03.02 = Gil-Reguera, Juan born in Barcelona. IM 1986. E [BW]

1956.03.17 = Van Der Sterren, Paul b. Netherlands GM 1989. E [BW]

1956.03.25 = Kochiev b. Leningrad. GM 1977. IM 1975. E [BW]

1956.03.27 = CANDIDATES; Start of Candidates tourney, Amsterdam. E [BW]

1956.04.07 = du Mont, Julius died in Hastings. E [BW]

1956.04.30 = Smyslov wins Candidates tourney, Leewarden, Netherlands. E [BW]

1956.05.01 = Ivanov, Alexander born. GM 1992. E [BW]

1956.05.12 = Franco, Zenon born in Asuncion, Paraguay. IM 1982; GM 1991. E [BW]

1956.05.19 = Inkiov b. Stanke Dimitrov. GM 1982. E [BW]

1956.06.22 = Anderson, Renard born. E [BW]

1956.06.27 = Christiansen, Larry born in Riverside, California. GM 1977. US Jr Ch 1973, 1974, 1975. US Ch 1980. E [BW]

1956.07.16 = Hromadka, karel died in Prague. Elo: 2440. Hromadka Defense E [BW]

1956.08 = OLY; Moscow Olympiad, USSR 1st. (US did not play) E [BW]

1956.08 = US Open, Oklahoma, Bisguier 1st. E [BW]

1956.08.13 = Farago, Sandor born in Budapest. FM 1985; IM 1986. E [BW]

1956.08.15 = Olafsson, Helgi, Icelandic IGM (1986), born. E [BW]

1956.09.04 = Paehtz, Thomas b. German GM 1991. E [BW]

1956.09.11 = Gurevich, Dmitry born in Moscow. IM 1981; GM 1983. E [BW]

1956.09.24 = Machulsky, Anatoly b. GM 1991. E [BW]

1956.10.02 = Speelman, british igm (1980), born. E [BW]

1956.10.17 = Fischer defeats D. Byrne in the "game of the century" E [BW]

1956.10.24 = Klaric, Zlatko b. Yug GM 1982. E [BW]

1956.11.01 = Asztalos, Lajos died in Budapest. IM 1950; IA 1951. Elo: 2480. Hungary ch 1913. E [BW]

1956.11.25 = Eingorn, Viacheslav born in Odessa. IM 1984; GM 1986. E [BW]

1956.12.05 = Henley, Ronald born in Houston. IM 1980; GM 1982. E [BW]

1957 = 1st European team ch., Vienna. 1st USSR (4 countries). E [BW]

1957 = ASPCC; Creation of the All Services Postal Chess Club. E [BW]

1957 = China has its 1st national ch. E [BW]

1957 = CHINA; Chess officially recognized and encouraged in China. E [BW]

1957 = Fazekas wins the Br ch, but not selected for olympics. Protests. E [BW]

1957 = FILM; 8x8, a German surrealist film by Hans Richter made. E [BW]

1957 = FILM; 8x8, a German surrealist film by Hans Richter made. E [BW]

1957 = FILM; The Seventh Seal, Swedish film by Inmar Bergman. E [BW]

1957 = FILM; The Seventh Seal, Swedish film by Inmar Bergman. E [BW]

1957 = Fischer wins us jr ch in San Francisco, scoring 8.5 out of 9. E [BW]

1957 = Gresser and Sonja Graf become us women's co-champions. E [BW]

1957 = ICCF; USSR became official member of the ICCF. E [BW]

1957 = Lyman, Harry wins us amateur ch, 6-0, in Ashbury park, NJ. E [BW]

1957 = Maniac, 1st computer to play a form of chess (6x6 board) E [BW]

1957 = Martin, G. played 142 opponents, +130 =11 -1 in 4 hours 40 minutes in London. E [BW]

1957 = OLY; 1st women's olympiad Emmen, Netherlands. USSR 1st. 21 countries. E [BW]

1957 = Spann elected USCF president. E [BW]

1957 = U of Chicago wins US intercollegiate team ch. E [BW]

1957.01.05 = Duras, Oldrich died in Prague. Czech ch 3 times and German ch. GM 1950. Elo: 2580 E [BW]

1957.01.09 = Akhsharumova-Gulko, Anna born in Moscow. WIM 1977. USSR women's ch 1976, 1984. E [BW]

1957.01.14 = Grun, Gerd-Peter born in Minden, Germany. FM 1984; IM 1986. E [BW]

1957.01.15 = Sanchez, Gabriel born. E [BW]

1957.01.16 = Hoi, Carsten born in Copenhagen. IM 1979. E [BW]

1957.01.20 = Vladimirov, Evgeny b. GM 1989. E [BW]

1957.01.30 = Barlov, Dragan born in Kragujevac, Yugoslavia. IM 1982; GM 1986. Yugoslav ch 1986. E [BW]

1957.02.07 = Helmers, Knut born in Oslo. IM 1979. E [BW]

1957.02.11 = Zaitshik, Gennady b. GM 1984. E [BW]

1957.02.15 = Malmgren d. Uppsula. World cr ch 1953. E [BW]

1957.02.23 = Mar, Craig born. E [BW]

1957.03.05 = Botvinnik-Smyslov world ch match, Moscow. E [BW]

1957.03.11 = Donaldson-Akhmilorskaya, Elena born in Leningrad. WIM 1977; WGM 1977. Challenger 1986. E [BW]

1957.03.13 = Mestel, British IGM (1982), born. Br ch in 1976 (age 19). World Cadet ch 1974. E [BW]

1957.04.27 = Smyslov defeats Botvinnik to become world champion E [BW]

1957.05.02 = Sunye-Neto b. Curtiba. 6-time Brazilian ch. GM 1986. E [BW]

1957.05.30 = Bass, Leonid born in Leningrad. IM 1982. E [BW]

1957.06 = World Jr ch, Toronto, Lombardy 1st (perfect score). E [BW]

1957.06.24 = Schussler, Harry b. Sweden GM 1988. E [BW]

1957.06.30 = Campora, Daniel born in San Nicolas, Argentina. IM 1982; GM 1986. Argentinian ch 1986, 1989. E [BW]

1957.07.21 = Malaniuk, Vladimir b. GM 1987. E [BW]

1957.07.26 = deFirmian, Nicholas born in Fresno. IM 1979; GM 1985. US co-champion 1987. E [BW]

1957.07.29 = Gavrikov, Viktor born in Russia. GM 1984. USSR co-ch 1985. E [BW]

1957.07.31 = Begovac, Franja born in Sombor, Yugoslavia. IM 1986. E [BW]

1957.07.31 = Borkowski, Franciszek born in Wroclaw, Poland. IM 1980. E [BW]

1957.08 = US Open, Cleveland, Fischer 1st. (184 players) E [BW]

1957.08.30 = Haberditz, Hans died in Vienna. Haberditz var. E [BW]

1957.09.02 = OLY; Start of 1st women's olympiad, Essen. E [BW]

1957.09.16 = Diesen, Mark born in Buffalo. World jr ch 1976. US Jr co-champ 1976. E [BW]

1957.09.29 = Gavrikov born. GM 1984. USSR ch 1985. E [BW]

1957.10.06 = Filipovic, Branko born in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia. IM 1984. E [BW]

1957.10.18 = RODRIGUEZ; Amador Rodriguez b. San German, Cuba. GM 1977. Cuban ch 1984. IM 1975. E [BW]

1957.10.30 = Ftacnik, Lubomir born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. IM 1977; GM 1980. Czech ch 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985. E [BW]

1957.11.11 = Hebert, Jean born in Quebec. IM 1978; GMC 1984. E [BW]

1957.12 = US Ch, New York, Fischer 1st. E [BW]

1957.12.21 = Cifuentes-Parada, Roberto born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1984; GM 1992. E [BW]

1958 - Portoroz. Q Gligoric / Matanović 413 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1991

1958 = Anderson, Frank scored 84% at Munich ol. Became ill, missed GM title. E [BW]

1958 = BLIND; 1st world blind ch; won by Bonham. E [BW]

1958 = Buchholz, Bruno died in Magdeburg, Germany. Devised a tie-breaker. E [BW]

1958 = COMPUTER; 1st computer to play chess. E [BW]

1958 = Covo-Artega of Cuba wins US Open in Rochester, Minnesota (139). E [BW]

1958 = Interzonal in Portoroz, Yugoslavia; Fischer ties for 5th. E [BW]

1958 = OLY; 1st chess ol for the blind, Meschede, W. Germany. 7 teams played. E [BW]

1958 = OLY; Munich Olympiad; US 4th. (13th Olympiad) E [BW]

1958 = Piran Codex rules for chess problems drawn up at Piran, Yug at Congress of Problemists. E [BW]

1958 = Smagin, Sergei b. GM 1987. E [BW]

1958 = WEINSTEIN; Raymond Weinstein wins US Jr ch, in Homestead, Florida. E [BW]

1958.01.11 = Taulbut born. E [BW]

1958.01.12 = Doncevic, Dario born in Buenos Aires. IM 1986. E [BW]

1958.01.19 = Adam, Edmund died in Frankfurt, Germany. Adam variation, Ruy Lopez. E [BW]

1958.02.14 = Lputian, Smbat b. Yerevan. GM 1984. E [BW]

1958.02.15 = Hebden, Mark born in Leicester. IM 1982. Grand Prix (UK) ch 1981. E [BW]

1958.02.22 = Skembris, Spyros b. Greek GM 1991. E [BW]

1958.02.25 = Goodman, David born in England. World Cadet ch 1975. IM 1983. E [BW]

1958.03.03 = Forgacs, Gyula born in Budapest. IM 1984. E [BW]

1958.03.03 = Kouatly, Bachar b. French GM 1989. E [BW]

1958.03.04 = Smyslov-Botvinnik world ch match, Moscow. E [BW]

1958.03.18 = Winston, Peter born. E [BW]

1958.03.23 = Garcia-Padron, Jose born in Las Palmas, Spain. IM 1981. E [BW]

1958.03.30 = Andruet, Gilles born in Paris. IM 1982. E [BW]

1958.04.02 = Dizdarevic, Emir born in Zenica, Yugoslavia. IM 1982; GM 1988. E [BW]

1958.04.11 = Yermolinsky, Alexey born. GM E [BW]

1958.05.08 = Botvinnik defeats Smyslov to regain world ch. E [BW]

1958.05.24 = Georgiev, Krum born in Pazardzhik, Bulgaria. IM 1977; GM 1988. E [BW]

1958.06.14 = Schulien, Charles born. E [BW]

1958.07.01 = Cabrilo, Goran born in Gorazde, Yugoslavia. IM 1980. E [BW]

1958.07.02 = Bogner, Hal born in New York City. IA 1982. Founder of Chess Labs. E [BW]

1958.07.09 = Braga, Fernando born in Buenos Aires. IM 1983. Italian ch 1986. E [BW]

1958.07.18 = Gyorkos, Lajos born in Hungary. FM 1985; IM 1986. E [BW]

1958.07.21 = Donchev, Dimitar born in Sofia, Bulgaria. Bulgarian GM 1990. E [BW]

1958.07.24 = Kosten, Anthony b. English GM 1990. E [BW]

1958.08.22 = Zapata-Ramirez, Columbian IGM (1984) born. E [BW]

1958.08.26 = Tisdall born. E [BW]

1958.08.30 = de la Villa Garcia, Jesus born in Villahan, Spain. IM 1986. E [BW]

1958.09 = Fischer gains the GM title at age 15. (15 years, 6 months E [BW]

1958.09.11 = Carls, Carl died in Bremen, Germany. German ch 1934. IM 1951. Elo: 2450 E [BW]

1958.09.24 = Donaldson, John born in Los Angeles. IM 1983. E [BW]

1958.09.27 = Bergstrom, Christer born in Solna, Sweden. IM 1986. E [BW]

1958.09.27 = Fedorowicz, John born in New York City. IM 1978; GM 1986. E [BW]

1958.10.15 = Boensch (Bonsch), Uwe born in Halle-an-der-Saale, Germany. IM 1977; GM 1986. E [BW]

1958.11.02 = Benhadi, Madani born in Algeria. IM 1982. E [BW]

1958.11.02 = Dvoirys, Semen born in Zhmerinka, Russia. GM 1990. E [BW]

1958.11.29 = Psakhis, Lev Soviet IGM (1982) born. E [BW]

1958.12.04 = Dizdar, Goran born in Zagreb. IM 1980; GM 1991. E [BW]

1958.12.25 = Crotto, Rachel born in New York City. WIM 1978; US Women's Ch 1979. Played in women's ch at 13. E [BW]

1958.12.27 = Tate, Emory born. E [BW]

1959 - Bled / Zagreb / Beograd Gligoric / Ragosin Kandidatenturnier. Q 320 Seiten - gebunden - Edition Olms 1987

1959 = Bisguier wins US Open in Omaha. E [BW]

1959 = Fischer repeats as US champion. E [BW]

1959 = Fischer shares 5th-6th in candidates tournament. E [BW]

1959 = Gligoric voted Yugoslav Sportsman of the Year for chess. E [BW]

1959 = HAM; 1st ham radio chess tournament. E [BW]

1959 = Hoessler, Anton of Ingolstadt, Bavaria died. Invented the Ingo system. E [BW]

1959 = IM; Title of international master for chess composition. E [BW]

1959 = Kaidanov, Grigory born. GM 1988. E [BW]

1959 = Lane wins us women's championship. E [BW]

1959 = RATINGS; 1st time the elo system of rating players used. E [BW]

1959 = Tal becomes world champion after defeating Botvinnik. E [BW]

1959 = Wiel, John C. van der born. IGM 1982. E [BW]

1959.01.30 = Andrijevic, Milan born in Pancevo, Yugoslavia. IM 1982. E [BW]

1959.02.02 = Rueb, Alexandre (b. 1882), 1st president of FIDE, died. E [BW]

1959.02.05 = Cramling, Dan born in Stockholm. Swedish ch 1981. IM 1982. E [BW]

1959.02.07 = Mokry, Karel b. Czech GM 1984. E [BW]

1959.02.12 = Flear, Glenn born in Leicester, England. IM 1983; GM 1987. E [BW]

1959.02.14 = Popovic b. Orlovat. GM 1981. E [BW]

1959.02.20 = Dolmatov, Sergey born in Kiselevsk, Russia. World jr ch 1978. IM 1978; GM 1982. E [BW]

1959.02.22 = Gurevich, Mikhail born in Kharkov, Russia. USSR ch 1985. IM 1985; GM 1986. E [BW]

1959.03.06 = Campos-Moreno, Javier born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1979. E [BW]

1959.03.17 = Grimberg born in Petach Tikva. World under-16 ch 1976. E [BW]

1959.03.18 = Andonov, Bogomil born in Kiustendil, Bulgaria. IM 1986. E [BW]

1959.03.27 = Ginsburg, Mark born in Louvain, Belgium. FM 1980; IM 1981. E [BW]

1959.04.12 = Kengis, Edvins born. Latvian GM 1991. E [BW]

1959.04.19 = Gomez-Baillo, Jorge born in Argentina. IM 1986. E [BW]

1959.06.03 = Baja, Victor born. E [BW]

1959.06.08 = Sturua, Zurab b. GM 1992. E [BW]

1959.06.24 = Wagner d. in Hamburg. Born 1888. German IM 1953. E [BW]

1959.07.10 = Dur, Arne born in Innsbruck, Austria. IM 1982. E [BW]

1959.07.14 = Bucker, Stefan born in Munster, Germany. FM 1983 E [BW]

1959.07.17 = Nogeuras b. Santa Clara, Cuba. GM 1979. E [BW]

1959.07.28 = Sisniega, Marcel born. Mexican GM 1992. E [BW]

1959.08.01 = Gallego-Eraso, Francisco born in Irun, Spain. IM 1986. E [BW]

1959.08.08 = Costigan, Richard born. E [BW]

1959.08.08 = Yudasin, Leonid born. GM 1990. E [BW]

1959.08.09 = Van der Wiel, John b. Leiden. European jr ch 1978-9. GM 1982. E [BW]

1959.08.10 = Hawelko, Marek born in Lublin, Poland. IM 1984. E [BW]

1959.08.26 = Rohde, Michael US IGM (1988), born. E [BW]

1959.09 = RATINGS; USCF rating list: Reshevsky (2693), Fischer (2636), D. Byrne (2514) E [BW]

1959.09.06 = CANDIDATES; Start of Bled Candidates tourney. E [BW]

1959.09.07 = Kudrin, Sergey born. E [BW]

1959.09.13 = Regan born. E [BW]

1959.09.19 = Tverskaya, Julia born. E [BW]

1959.10.10 = Hund, Barbara born in Leverkusen, Germany. WIM 1979; WGM 1982. E [BW]

1959.10.11 = Kaidanov, Grigory born. GM E [BW]

1959.10.19 = Lau, Ralf born. German GM 1986. E [BW]

1959.10.24 = Yrjola, Jouni born. Finland GM 1990. E [BW]

1959.10.25 = Odendahl, Steven born. E [BW]

1959.10.31 = Tal wins Bled Candidates (Fischer 5-6). E [BW]

1959.11.11 = Armas, Jorge born in Holguin, Cuba. IM 1979. E [BW]

1959.12.25 = de Boer, Gerrit-Jan born in Landsmeer, Netherlands. IM 1986. E [BW]

1959.12.25 = Wharton, William born. E [BW]

1959.12.28 = Federl, Alan born. E [BW]

1959.12.28 = Kindermann, Stefan born. German GM 1988. E [BW]

1960 = 1st Armed Forces Chess Championship - Thomas Emery Award E [BW]

1960 = Aseev, Konstantin born. 1985 Leningrad ch. E [BW]

1960 = Benko wins USCF speed ch; Bisguier 2nd, Fischer 3rd. E [BW]

1960 = Cramer elected USCF president. E [BW]

1960 = Cyprus Chess Assn founded. 1st Cyprus ch. E [BW]

1960 = Fischer wins US championship. E [BW]

1960 = Fischer, Spassky tie in Mar del Plata, Argentina International. E [BW]

1960 = Flesch played 52 games blindfold at Budapest (+31=18-3). E [BW]

1960 = Hong Kong Chess Association formed. E [BW]

1960 = KILL; Spectactor killed by player when criticized game. Sailor acquitted. E [BW]

1960 = MOTT-SMITH; Chess problem composer Geoffrey Mott-Smith dies. E [BW]

1960 = OLY; Leipzig olympiad; ussr 1st, us 2nd. E [BW]

1960 = RATING; Elo rating system adopted by uscf. E [BW]

1960 = US team wins world student championship. E [BW]

1960.01.01 = Vyzmanavin, Alexey born. GM 1989. (Vishmanavin) E [BW]

1960.01.20 = Garkov, Mitko born in Pleven, Bulgaria. IM 1986. E [BW]

1960.02.02 = Fries-Nielsen, Jens born in Esbjerg, Denmark. IM 1984. E [BW]

1960.02.06 = Chernin, Alexander born in Russia. IM 1980; GM 1985. European Jr Ch 1979-80. E [BW]

1960.02.13 = Yusupov, Artur born. IGM 1980. E [BW]

1960.02.15 = Petursson b. Reykjavik. GM 1986. E [BW]

1960.03.01 = Gunawan, Ronny born in Surabaya, Indonesia. IM 1984. E [BW]

1960.03.06 = Chernin, Alexander born. GM E [BW]

1960.03.08 = McCambridge, Vincent born. E [BW]

1960.03.15 = Botvinnik-Tal world ch, Moscow. E [BW]

1960.03.16 = Azmaiparashvili, Zurab born in Georgian. IM 1984; GM 1960. E [BW]

1960.03.18 = Plaskett b. Okeliha, Cyprus. GM 1985. E [BW]

1960.03.24 = Seirawan, Yasser born in Damascus, Syria. E [BW]

1960.04.04 = Chandler, Murray born in Wellington, New Zealand. IM 1977; GM 1983. New Zealand ch 1975-6. E [BW]

1960.05.03 = Berg, Klaus born in Nykobing, Denmark. IM 1983. E [BW]

1960.05.07 = Lobron, Eric West German IGM (1982), born. E [BW]

1960.05.07 = Tal defeats Botvinnik to become world champion. E [BW]

1960.05.21 = Lanka, Zigurds born. Latvian GM 1992. E [BW]

1960.06.09 = Groszpeter, Attila born. Hungarian IM 1979; GM 1986. E [BW]

1960.06.20 = Whitehead, Paul born. E [BW]

1960.06.24 = Rogers, Ian Australian IGM (1985), born. E [BW]

1960.07.13 = Rivas-Pastor, Manuel born. Spanish GM 1987. E [BW]

1960.07.31 = Davies, Nigel born in Southport, England. IM 1982. E [BW]

1960.08.15 = Gazik, Igor born in Zilina, Czechoslovakia. FM 1982; IM 1985. E [BW]

1960.08.17 = Ernst, Thomas born in Uppsala, Sweden. IM 1984; GM 1990. E [BW]

1960.09.11 = Nikolic, Predrag Yugoslav IGM (1983), born. E [BW]

1960.10.10 = Lakdawala, Cyrus born. E [BW]

1960.10.26 = Hartman, Christer born in Stockholm. FM 1986; IM 1986. E [BW]

1960.11.13 = Arnason, Jon born in Reykjavik. IM 1979; GM 1986. World Under-16 Ch 1977. E [BW]

1960.12.13 = Koltanowski plays 56 opponents blindfold (+50=6) in San Francisco. Took 9 3/4 hours. E [BW]

1960.12.18 = Gheorghiu wins Romanian ch at age 16.E [BW]

1961 = Ault wins US Jr ch for 3rd consecutive year. E [BW]

1961 = Benko wins US Open in San Francisco. E [BW]

1961 = BLIND; 1st blind olympiad, Meschede, W Germany. Won by Yugoslavia (7 teams). E [BW]

1961 = CHESS LIFE from newspaper to monthly magazine form. E [BW]

1961 = Fischer become us champion for 4th time. E [BW]

1961 = Lane appears on what's my line and cover of Sports Illustrated. E [BW]

1961 = OLY; Women's olympiad abandoned because DDR team unable to obtain visa. E [BW]

1961 = Ratings: Fischer-2641; Reshevsky-2632; Lombardy-2555; Byrne R-2535 E [BW]

1961 = Scrivener, Robert won Mississipi state ch at age 80. E [BW]

1961.01.07 = Vera, Reynaldo born. Cuban GM 1988. E [BW]

1961.01.08 = Arkell, Keith born in Birmingham, England. IM 1985. E [BW]

1961.01.09 = Heinbuch, Detlef born in Bochum. IM 1986. E [BW]

1961.01.17 = Chiburdanidze, Maia born in Kutaisi, Russia. WIM 1974; WGM 1977; IM 1978; GM 1984. Women's World Ch 1978-91. E [BW]

1961.01.21 = Aronoff, Irene born in USA. WFM. E [BW]

1961.02.03 = McNab, Colin born. Scottish GM 1992. E [BW]

1961.02.08 = Akesson, Ralf born. IM 1981. Swedish ch 1985. E [BW]

1961.02.09 = Levenfish (b. 1889), Soviet IGM, died. GM 1950. E [BW]

1961.02.10 = Canda, Danilo born in Nicuaraga. IM 1986. E [BW]

1961.02.11 = Petrosian wins 28th USSR Ch, Moscow. E [BW]

1961.02.27 = Eng, Holger born in Neuenhaus, Germany. IM 1984. E [BW]

1961.03.04 = Bany, Jerzy born in Bytom, Poland. IM 1983. E [BW]

1961.03.10 = Agusto, Obafunmilayo born in Nigeria. FM. E [BW]

1961.03.14 = Rubinstein (b. 1882), Polish IGM, died in Anvers. E [BW]

1961.03.15 = Brown, Timothy born. E [BW]

1961.03.15 = Tal-Botvinnik match starts, Moscow. E [BW]

1961.03.26 = Rizzitano, James born. E [BW]

1961.03.31 = Pigusov, Evgeny born. GM 1988. E [BW]

1961.04.17 = Brooks, Michael born in Chicago. FM 1982. E [BW]

1961.04.21 = Danailov, Silvio born in Sofia, Bulgaria. IM 1984. E [BW]

1961.04.26 = Tangborn, Eric born. E [BW]

1961.05.05 = Douven, Rudy born in Heerlen, Netherlands. FM 1985; IM 1986. E [BW]

1961.05.10 = Heath, Christopher died in London. 1923-4 Scottish Ch. Heath var. E [BW]

1961.05.12 = Botvinnk defeats Tal to regain world championship. E [BW]

1961.06.09 = Bischoff, Klaus born in Ulm, Germany. IM 1982; GM 1990. E [BW]

1961.06.17 = Damljanovic, Branko born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia. IM 1982; GM 1989. E [BW]

1961.07.13 = Franke, Heribert born in Bad Cannstatt,Germany. IM 1986. E [BW]

1961.07.16 = Fischer-Reshevsky match starts in NY. E [BW]

1961.08.21 = Barbero, Gerardo born in Argentina. IM 1986; GM 1988. E [BW]

1961.09 = Parma wins World Jr Ch, at The Hague. E [BW]

1961.09 = Tal wins at Bled. Fischer 2nd. E [BW]

1961.09.12 = de Guzman, Ricardo born in the Philippines. IM 1982. E [BW]

1961.09.12 = Guzman, Ricardo born in the Philippines. IM 1982. E [BW]

1961.09.19 = Alvarez-Ibarra, Rafael born in Bilbao, Spain. IM 1986. E [BW]

1961.10.10 = Cvitin, Ognjen born in Siberik, Yugoslavia. World jr ch 1981. IM 1982; GM 1987. E [BW]

1961.10.12 = Whitehead, Jay born. E [BW]

1961.10.31 = Benedict, Clare died in Lucerne, Switzerland. Chess patron. Granddaughter of Fenimore Cooper. E [BW]

1961.11.07 = Glek, Igor born. GM E [BW]

1961.11.16 = Sergeant d. Kingston-on-Thames. London ch 1951. E [BW]

1961.11.29 = Gertler, David born in Camden, NJ. FM 1985. E [BW]

1961.12 = Lane, Lisa drops out of Hastings 1961/62 because she is in love. E [BW]

1961.12.07 = Gurieli, Nina born in Russia. WIM 1979; WGM 1980. E [BW]

1962 = CAPA; 1st Capablanca Memorial in Cuba. E [BW]

1962 = Evans wins US championship. E [BW]

1962 = GM; 1st GM of over-the-board and corres. chess - O'Kelly. E [BW]

1962 = Gresser wins US women's ch. E [BW]

1962 = Rejfir died. Born in 1909. Czech IM 1956. E [BW]

1962 = Worst team: Cyprus, 0/20 at Varna ol 1962. Ioannidis went 0/20. E [BW]

1962.01.10 = Hammond, Alex died in England. Chess set collector. E [BW]

1962.02.06 = Antunes, Antonio born in Lisbon. IM 1985. E [BW]

1962.02.12 = Gobet, Fernand born in Romont, Switzerland. IM 1985. E [BW]

1962.02.12 = Ioseliani b. Tbilisi. 2-time USSR women's ch. E [BW]

1962.03 = Living chess played between Botvinnik & Smyslov, Moscow. E [BW]

1962.03.11 = Ragozin, Vyacheslav died. Former world corr. ch. E [BW]

1962.04 = Stockholm Interzonal, Fischer wins 2.5 points ahead of the field. E [BW]

1962.04.03 = Grunfeld, Ernst died in Vienna. German ch 1927. GM 1950. Elo: 2550. E [BW]

1962.04.10 = Khouzman, Alexander born. GM E [BW]

1962.04.12 = Cuijpers, Frans born in Heerlen, Netherlands. IM 1984. E [BW]

1962.04.18 = Watson, William, born. E [BW]

1962.04.23 = Graves, Frank died in Fort Worth, TX. USCF President 1954. E [BW]

1962.05.02 = CANDIDATES; Start of Curacao Candidates tourney. E [BW]

1962.05.22 = Schneider, Alexander born. E [BW]

1962.05.23 = Novikov, Igor born. GM 1990. E [BW]

1962.06.09 = Youngworth, Perry born. E [BW]

1962.06.13 = Motwani b. Glasgow. World under-16 ch 1978. Scottish ch 1978. E [BW]

1962.06.26 = Petrosian wins Curacao Candidates (Fischer is 4th). E [BW]

1962.06.28 = Gauglitz, Gernot born in Meissen, Germany. IM 1986. E [BW]

1962.07.31 = Brustman, Agnieszka born in Warsaw. WIM 1979; WGM 1985. E [BW]

1962.08 = CANDIDATES; Curacao Candidates; Petrosiam 1st; Fischer 4th. E [BW]

1962.08.17 = Wilder, Michael born. E [BW]

1962.08.20 = Fischer accuses Russians of cheating in Sports Illustrated. E [BW]

1962.08.25 = Medina wins US Open, San Antonio. E [BW]

1962.08.25 = Nenachev, Alexander born. E [BW]

1962.09.17 = Broder, Iris born in Halle, Germany. WIM 1986. E [BW]

1962.09.17 = Wilder, Michael born. E [BW]

1962.09.20 = Adam, William born. E [BW]

1962.09.24 = Tischbierek, Raj born. German GM 1990, E [BW]

1962.10.09 = Vidmar, Milan died. E [BW]

1962.10.14 = Ehlvest, Jaan born in Estonio. IM 1982; GM 1987. European Jr Ch 1982-3. E [BW]

1962.10.18 = Fernandes, Antonio born in Pamphilosa da Serra, Portugal. IM 1985. E [BW]

1962.10.25 = Turner, Abe stabbed to death. E [BW]

1962.11.18 = Gurvich, Abram died in Moscow. IJComp 1956. E [BW]

1962.11.21 = London, Dimitri born. E [BW]

1962.11.30 = Bernstein, Ossip died in France. GM 1950; IA 1952. Elo: 2590. E [BW]

1962.12.06 = Drasko, Milan born in Capljina, Yugoslavia. IM 1984. E [BW]

1963 = COLLEGE; Brooklyn college wins us intercollegiate ch in Philadelphia. E [BW]

1963 = CORR; Br Postal Federation formed. E [BW]

1963 = Fischer wins US championship ahead of Bisguier. E [BW]

1963 = Fischer wins Western Open. E [BW]

1963 = US Open in Chicago; Lombardy wins. (266 players) E [BW]

1963.01.01 = Winats, Luc born. Belgium GM 1993. E [BW]

1963.01.06 = Adams, Weaver, died in Cedar Grove, New Jersey. E [BW]

1963.01.06 = Helms, Hermann died in Brooklyn. IA 1954. Dean of American chess. E [BW]

1963.02.01 = Garbarino, Rodolfo born in Argentina. IM 1982. E [BW]

1963.02.08 = Hjartarson, Johann born in Reykjavik. IM 1984; GM 1985. Icelandic ch 1980, 1984. E [BW]

1963.02.12 = Root, Doug born. E [BW]

1963.03.09 = Carvajal, Ana born in Cuba. WIM 1978. E [BW]

1963.03.15 = Botvinnik-Petrosian match, Moscow. E [BW]

1963.03.20 = Sokolov, Andrey, Soviet IGM (1984) born. World Jr Ch 1982. E [BW]

1963.03.24 = Morovic-Fernandez, Ivan born. Chilean GM 1986. E [BW]

1963.04.13 = Kasparov, world chess champion, born in Baku. E [BW]

1963.04.23 = Cramling, Pia born. WGM 1982; IM 1983. E [BW]

1963.05.22 = Petrosian defeats Botvinnik to become world champion. E [BW]

1963.05.27 = Rozentalis, Eduardas born. E [BW]

1963.06.03 = Levitt, Jonathan born. English GM 1991. E [BW]

1963.06.14 = Hjorth, Gregory born in Melbourne. IM 1984. E [BW]

1963.06.16 = Schroer born. E [BW]

1963.07.25 = Hodgson, Julian born in St Asaph, Wales. IM 1983; GM 1988. British ch 1991. E [BW]

1963.07.25 = Stoltz (b. 1904), Swedish Grandmaster, died. E [BW]

1963.07.27 = 1st Piatigorsky cup in Los Angeles; won by Petrosian and Keres. E [BW]

1963.08.28 = King, Dan born. English GM 1989. E [BW]

1963.09.01 = An, Yang born in China. WIM. E [BW]

1963.09.18 = Hertneck, Gerald born. IM 1985; GM 1991. E [BW]

1963.09.26 = Yedidia, Jonathan born. E [BW]

1963.10.30 = Milos, Gilberto born. Brazil GM 1988. E [BW]

1963.11.03 = Kostic (b. 1887), died in Belgrade. IM 1950. E [BW]

1963.11.14 = Krasenkov, Mikhail born. GM. E [BW]

1963.12.06 = Hawksworth, John born in England. IM 1986. E [BW]

1963.12.20 = Ardaman, Miles born. E [BW]

1963.12.22 = Sacconi d. Born 1895. Italian ch 1935. IM 1951. E [BW]

1963.12.28 = Ardaman, Miles born. E [BW]

1964 = 1st game with 5 knights on board, Szabo-Ivkov, Belgrade. E [BW]

1964 = BLIND; 2nd blind olympiad, East Germany. Yugoslavia won. 9 countries. E [BW]

1964 = BRAILLE; International Braille Chess Assn affiliated with FIDE. E [BW]

1964 = CLOCK; 1st electronic clock manufactured in Kiev. E [BW]

1964 = Draw can only be proposed before a move. E [BW]

1964 = En passant sound magazine for the blind founded. E [BW]

1964 = Fischer sweeps US ch with 11-0 score. E [BW]

1964 = Lane opens her chess emporium, 'Queen Pawn,' in NY. E [BW]

1964 = MEYER; John Meyer wins US Junior championship. E [BW]

1964 = RATINGS; 1st international rating list by elo. Fischer and Petrosian (2690). E [BW]

1964.01.23 = Khasanova b. USSR. Women's jr ch 1983. WIM 1984E [BW]

1964.01.26 = Chow, Albert born in Chicago. FM 1984. E [BW]

1964.02.13 = Hector, Jonny born in Sweden. GM 1992. E [BW]

1964.02.17 = Kipping d. Composed over 7,000 problems. E [BW]

1964.03.01 = Ronanovsky d. Moscow. USSR ch 1923, 1927. IM 1950. Born 1982. E [BW]

1964.03.08 = Lalic, Bogdan born. Yug GM 1964. E [BW]

1964.03.11 = Benjamin, Joel born in Brooklyn. IM 1980; GM 1986. US Ch 1987. E [BW]

1964.04.17 = Greenfeld, Alon born in New York City. Israeli IM 1983; GM 1989. E [BW]

1964.05.10 = Graf, Sonja won US Women's Ch, New York. E [BW]

1964.05.20 = Amsterdam Interzonal started. E [BW]

1964.05.26 = Salov, Valery b. GM 1986. World under 16 ch in 1980. E [BW]

1964.05.29 = Reinfeld died in New York. E [BW]

1964.05.31 = Kotlyar, Gregory born. E [BW]

1964.06.16 = Griego, David born. E [BW]

1964.06.21 = Neverov, Valery born. GM 1992. E [BW]

1964.06.23 = Barbulescu, Dan-Catalin born in Bucharest. IM 1984. E [BW]

1964.07.20 = Colman, Eugene died in London. Colman var. discovered while POW in Japan. E [BW]

1964.08.13 = Horvath, Jozsef born in Budapest. IM 1986; GM 1990. E [BW]

1964.08.25 = Kotronias, Vasilios born. Greek GM 1990. E [BW]

1964.08.29 = Benko wins US Open in Boston (229 players). E [BW]

1964.08.31 = Glueck, David born in Boston. FM 1986. E [BW]

1964.09.15 = Goglidze, Victor died in Tbilisi, Georgia. IM 1950. Elo: 2430. E [BW]

1964.09.18 = Hansen, Curt born in Bov, Denmark. IM 1982; GM 1985. World Jr Ch 1984. Danish ch 1983, 1984, 1985. E [BW]

1964.09.23 = Tolnai, Tibor born. Hungarian GM 1990. E [BW]

1964.09.27 = Stohl, Igor born. Czech GM 1992. E [BW]

1964.10.24 = Dokhoian, Yuri born in Russia. GM 1988. E [BW]

1964.11.07 = Oll, Lembit born. GM 1990. E [BW]

1964.12.21 = Renet, Oliver born. GM 1990. E [BW]

1965 = 1st National Open, Las Vegas; Reshevsky wins (138 players) E [BW]

1965 = 1st university to introduce course on chess, Moscow. 2,000 attended. E [BW]

1965 = CORR; Start of the 1st Women's World Corr. Chess Ch. E [BW]

1965 = EG; 1st chess magazine devoted to studies, EG, founded by Roycroft. E [BW]

1965 = Gresser wins us women's ch. E [BW]

1965 = Kurajica won world jr ch. IM before even a master. E [BW]

1965 = Mecking wins Brazilian ch at age 13. E [BW]

1965 = Paros gets IM for chess composition for helpmates only. E [BW]

1965 = Soltis repeats as NY city jr. champion. E [BW]

1965 = Street wins US amateur (242 players). E [BW]

1965.01 = Keres wins at Hastings. E [BW]

1965.02.11 = Chekhover, Vitaly died in Leningrad. IM 1950; IJComp 1956; IMComp 1961 E [BW]

1965.02.12 = Condie, Mark born in Scotland. IM 1984. E [BW]

1965.02.27 = Goldin, Alexander born. GM 1989. E [BW]

1965.03.06 = Graf-Stevenson, Sonja died in New York. WIM 1950. US Women's ch 1964. E [BW]

1965.03.07 = Abarca Aguirre, Manuel born in San Antonio, Chile. FM 1986. E [BW]

1965.03.16 = Adianto, Utat born in Jakarta, Indonesia. IM 1985; GM 1986. 1st INDO GM. World Jr Ch E [BW]

1965.04 = CANDIDATES; 1st Candidates matches: Spassky beats Keres; Geller defeats Smyslov. E [BW]

1965.04.16 = Hickl, Jorg born. German IM 1986; GM 1988. E [BW]

1965.04.17 = Adelman, Charles born. E [BW]

1965.06.01 = Short, British IGM (1984), born. E [BW]

1965.07 = Candidates match: Tal defeats Portisch; Larsen defeats Ivkov E [BW]

1965.07 = EG; 1st issue of EG magazine. E [BW]

1965.07.11 = 1st chess tournament in Greenland. E [BW]

1965.07.11 = Yepishin, Vladimir born. IGM 1990. (Epishin) E [BW]

1965.07.24 = Root, Alexey born. E [BW]

1965.07.31 = Laucks, E. Forry died. Founder of Log Cabin Chess Club. E [BW]

1965.08.06 = US Open held in Puerto Rico. 1st time outside the US. Benko, Lombardy tie. E [BW]

1965.08.16 = Mozetic, Dejan born. IM rated at 2585. E [BW]

1965.08.25 = Start of Capablanca Memorial in Cuba. Fischer played by teletype. 1st time E [BW]

1965.09.01 = CORR; Start of 1st women's world cr ch. E [BW]

1965.11.05 = Dus-Chotimirsky, Fedor died in Moscow. IM 1950. E [BW]

1965.11.21 = Abelardo-Roldan, Adrian born in Argentina. IA 1986. E [BW]

1965.11.28 = 1st American Open; won by Benko in Santa Monica. 124 players E [BW]

1965.11.28 = Dautov, Roustam born. GM. E [BW]

1965.11.28 = Georgiev, Kiril born in Petrich, Bulgaria. IM 1983; GM 1985. World Jr Ch 1983. Bulgarian ch 1984, 1986, 1989. E [BW]

1965.12.03 = Illescas-Cordoba, Miguel born. Spanish GM 1988. E [BW]

1965.12.30 = Fischer (2734) repeats as US Champion. E [BW]

1966 = Benko captures National Open. E [BW]

1966 = BLIND; 1st World Blind Ch, Timmendorfer Strand, W Germany. Won by Cabarkapa. E [BW]

1966 = CENSUS; USSR census shows 3,540,000 registered chess players. E [BW]

1966 = Colias, William born. E [BW]

1966 = COMPUTER; 1st serious chess program, mac hack, became operational. E [BW]

1966 = COMPUTER; MacHack VI computer played in Boston Amateur Ch; Score 1/2-4 1/2. E [BW]

1966 = Fischer wins his 7th us championship, ahead of Evans. E [BW]

1966 = Golombek awarded the OBE for his service to chess. E [BW]

1966 = Journal of Gerontology that chess players peak at 36. (Elo) E [BW]

1966 = kaufman wins american open in santa monica. E [BW]

1966 = Largest display. 6840 boards, 300 experts, played 20 players; Havana E [BW]

1966 = Latest castling. Bobotsov-Ivkov, move 46. E [BW]

1966 = Longest game without capture. Filipowicz-Smederavac, 70 moves. E [BW]

1966 = OLY; Havana olympiad, ussr 1st, us 2nd. E [BW]

1966 = Prokes, Ladislav died. E [BW]

1966 = Rohland elected uscf president. E [BW]

1966 = Sultan Khan, Mir died. E [BW]

1966.01.18 = Khalifman, Alexander b. European ch 1985. IM 1986. GM. E [BW]

1966.01.29 = Dlugy, Maxim born in Moscow. IM 1982; GM 1986. World Jr Ch 1985. USCF President 1990. E [BW]

1966.01.29 = Joshi, Sandeep born. E [BW]

1966.03.06 = Ashley, Maurice born. IM 1993. 1st Afro-American IM. E [BW]

1966.03.15 = Petrosian-Spassky match, Moscow. E [BW]

1966.03.30 = Grivas, Efstratios born in Egio, Greece. IM 1984. E [BW]

1966.04.11 = Start of Petrosian-Spassky World Championsip match. E [BW]

1966.04.25 = Mir Sultan Khan died of TB in Pakistan. E [BW]

1966.05.11 = Gresser and Lane becomes us women's co-champions. E [BW]

1966.05.13 = Murshed, Niaz born. Bangladesh GM 1986. E [BW]

1966.05.21 = Kozul, Zdenko born. Yug GM 1989. E [BW]

1966.05.29 = Petrosian defeats Spassky, 12.5-11.5, Moscow. E [BW]

1966.06.26 = 1st us jr invitational; won by Browne. Held in new York. 8 players. E [BW]

1966.08.15 = Piatigorsky Cup over. Spassky wins. E [BW]

1966.08.15 = Spassky wins 2nd Piatagorsky Cup; 2nd is Fischer. E [BW]

1966.08.26 = Benko and R. Byrne share 1st in 67th US Open, Seattle. E [BW]

1966.10.27 = Barua, Dibyendu born in Chittagong, Bangladesh. India IM 1984; GM 1991. E [BW]

1966.10.66 = Berg, Theodore died in Riga, Latvia. Berg variation. E [BW]

1966.11.21 = Bareev, Evgeny born in Moscow. IM 1986; GM 1989. 1982 World Under-16 ch. E [BW]

1966.11.23 = COMPUTER; Start of 1st computer match between USSR and US. E [BW]

1966.12.19 = Anderson, Magnus died in Melbourne. Book collector. E [BW]

1967 = Andorra Chess Federation formed. E [BW]

1967 = COMPUTER; 1st international match between USSR & US computers. USSR won. E [BW]

1967 = COMPUTER; Machack VI is 1st computer to play in human chess tourney. E [BW]

1967 = Fischer 1st in Monaco. E [BW]

1967 = Gresser wins US Women's championship. E [BW]

1967 = Lohrman wins US Amateur in Philadelphia, 222 players. E [BW]

1967 = Matera wins US Jr Invitational. E [BW]

1967 = Matulovic takes back move against Bilek at Sousse. Game drawn. E [BW]

1967 = OSCAR; 1st Chess Oscar. E [BW]

1967 = RATINGS; USCF ratings: Fischer (2762), Benko (2592), Evans (2582). E [BW]

1967 = US Open, Atlanta; won by Benko. E [BW]

1967 = USCF moves its headquarters from New York City to Newburgh. E [BW]

1967 = World student tourney in Czechoslovakia, USSR 1st, US 2nd. E [BW]

1967.01.10 = Engels, Ludwig died in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Strong German player. E [BW]

1967.01.28 = Shtern, Igor born. E [BW]

1967.02 = Creevey, James died in Dublin. Irish ch 1933, 1934. E [BW]

1967.02.05 = Rechlis, Gad born. Israeli GM 1990. E [BW]

1967.02.25 = Granda-Zuniga, Julio born in Peru. IM 1984; GM 1986. E [BW]

1967.03.01 = Conquest, Stuart born in Ilford, England. World under-16 ch 1981. IM 1985. E [BW]

1967.04.09 = Litvinchuk, Jon born. E [BW]

1967.04.17 = Greenfeld, Alon born. GM. E [BW]

1967.04.22 = Flear, Christine (ne Leroy) born in France. WIM 1986. E [BW]

1967.05.03 = Fazekas, Stefan died in London. Oldest British player. Born in 1898. Br ch 1957. IMC 1964. E [BW]

1967.05.15 = Agdestein, Simen born in Norway. IM 1983; GM 1985. Soccer player. E [BW]

1967.05.17 = Howell, James born in Brent, England. IM 1985. E [BW]

1967.05.26 = Stahlberg died in Leningrad. Born 1908. GM 1950. E [BW]

1967.05.29 = Brunner, Lucas born in Bern, Switzerland. IM 1986. E [BW]

1967.05.30 = Brinckmann, Alfred died in Kiel, Germany. IA 1951; IM 1953; Elo: 2470. E [BW]

1967.06.06 = Klinger, Josef born. Austrian GM 1988. E [BW]

1967.07.21 = Arencibia-Rodriguez, Walter born in Holguin, Cuba. IM 1986; GM 1990. 1986 World Jr Ch. E [BW]

1967.09.12 = Shabalov, Alexander born. GM. E [BW]

1967.10.19 = Izumikawa, Burt born. E [BW]

1967.10.22 = Mohr, Stefan born. German GM 1989. E [BW]

1967.10.25 = Halberstadt, Vitaly died in Paris. IJComp 1957. Paris ch 1925. E [BW]

1967.10.25 = Vajda d. Budapest as a result of a gas leak from a faulty oven. E [BW]

1967.12.24 = Strugatsky, Vladimir born. E [BW]

1968 = Benko wins National Open in Lake Tahoe. E [BW]

1968 = Berliner wins the 5th world correspondence championship. E [BW]

1968 = BYRNE; D Byrne wins Atlantic Open; 329 players, an open tournament record. E [BW]

1968 = Daly, Harlow won Maine championsip at age 85. E [BW]

1968 = Evans wins US championship. E [BW]

1968 = Gelfand, Boris born in Byelorussia. GM 1989. World Jr Ch 1988. E [BW]

1968 = JAPAN; 1st Japanese national federation. E [BW]

1968 = Kaplan of Puerto Rico wins world jr ch. E [BW]

1968 = Korchnoi defeats Reshevsky in Amsterdam candidates match. E [BW]

1968 = Larsen scores 11-1 to win US Open in Snowmass, Colorado. E [BW]

1968 = QUEENS; Greatest number of queens appear on board, 7. Konopleva-Schmidke. E [BW]

1968 = Spann, former USCF president, dies. E [BW]

1968.01.21 = Smirin, Ilia born. GM. E [BW]

1968.01.26 = Wahls, Matthias born. German GM 1989. E [BW]

1968.02.15 = Wolff, Patrick born. GM. E [BW]

1968.03.10 = Carr, Neil born in Newham, England. FM 1985. E [BW]

1968.04.25 = Neely, Elizabeth born. E [BW]

1968.05.08 = Fishbein, Alexander born. FM 1986. E [BW]

1968.06.05 = Horvath, Csaba born in Hungary. IM 1986. E [BW]

1968.06.06 = Klinger born. Austrian ch 1985. GM 1988. E [BW]

1968.06.13 = Sokolov, Ivan born. Bosnian GM 1987. E [BW]

1968.06.22 = Blatny, Pavel born in Brno, Czechoslovakia. IM 1986. E [BW]

1968.06.24 = Gelfand, Boris born. GM. E [BW]

1968.09.25 = Simagin died. Born 1919. IM 1950. GM 1962. E [BW]

1968.10.01 = Duchamp, Marcel died in Neuilly, France. Famous avant-garde painter. E [BW]

1968.10.03 = Norwood, David born. English GM 1989. E [BW]

1968.10.26 = Erdelyi, Stefan died in Resita, Romania. Im 1950. E [BW]

1968.11.06 = Collijn, Gustaf died in Stockholm. With his brother, Ludvig, wrote LAROBOK. E [BW]

1968.12 = Ballet, Pawn to King 5, presented by John Chesworth. E [BW]

1968.12.31 = Ahues, Carl died in Hamburg. IM 1950. German Ch 1929. Elo: 2490. E [BW]

1969 = Benko 1st at Atlantic Open in NY (376 players). E [BW]

1969 = Benko wins US Open in Lincoln, Nebraska. E [BW]

1969 = CHECKS; Record 38 checks in succession, Westerinen-Keres, Tallinn. E [BW]

1969 = CHESS LIFE and CHESS REVIEW merge to form CHESS LIFE AND REVIEW. E [BW]

1969 = CHESS LIFE begins to use algebraic notation E [BW]

1969 = Fischer's my 60 memorable games, published by Simon and Schuster. E [BW]

1969 = Gresser wins us women's ch. E [BW]

1969 = Ivanchuk, Vassily born. E [BW]

1969 = JAPAN; 1st Japanese national tournament. E [BW]

1969 = RATINGS; USCF ratings: fischer (2745) E [BW]

1969 = Resevsky wins US championship. E [BW]

1969 = Samisch loses 13 games on time, Linkoping. E [BW]

1969 = Samisch lost all 15 of his games on time at Berlin. E [BW]

1969 = Sokolsky, Alexei died. E [BW]

1969 = USCF membership: 12,580 E [BW]

1969.01.01 = Jarecki, John born. E [BW]

1969.01.15 = Henneberger, Walter died in Zurich. Henneberger var. E [BW]

1969.01.27 = Piket, Jeroen born. Netherlands GM 1989. E [BW]

1969.01.28 = Hellers, Ferdinand born in Stockholm. IM 1985; GM 1989. European Jr Ch 1984-5. E [BW]

1969.01.30 = Dreev, Alexei born in Russia. FM 1985; GM 1989. World Under-16 Ch 1983, 1984. E [BW]

1969.02.28 = Edelman, Danny born. E [BW]

1969.03.03 = Tolush died. E [BW]

1969.03.15 = Petrosian-Spassky match, Moscow. E [BW]

1969.03.18 = Ivanchuk, Vasily born. GM. E [BW]

1969.03.69 = Lief, Adam born. E [BW]

1969.04.19 = Polgar, Zsusza born. E [BW]

1969.04.22 = Sagalchik, Gennadij born. E [BW]

1969.05.17 = Abhyankar, Anupama born in Bombay, India. WIM 1985. E [BW]

1969.05.25 = Spassky defeats Petrosian, 12.5-10.5, Moscow. E [BW]

1969.06.17 = Spassky defeats Petrosian to become world ch. E [BW]

1969.06.28 = Yu, Peter born. E [BW]

1969.09.06 = Finegold, Benjamin born in Detroit. FM 1986. E [BW]

1969.09.08 = Ceriani, Luigi died in Milan, Italy. Problemist. E [BW]

1969.09.26 = Rachels, Stuart born. E [BW]

1969.10.22 = Rojas-Sepulveda born. World under-16 ch 1985. E [BW]

1969.12.11 = Anand, Viswanathan born in Madras, India. IM 1985; GM 1988. World Jr Ch 1987. E [BW]

1969.12.29 = Richter, German International Master, died. E [BW]

1970 = COMPUTER; 1st us computer ch, held in ny, won by a machine from northwestern. E [BW]

1970 = Kupchik (b. 1892), American Master, died. E [BW]

1970 = Larsen wins US Open, Boston (303 players). E [BW]

1970 = OLY; Siegen Olympiad; USSR 1st, US 4th. E [BW]

1970 = Rodl d. Born in 1907. W German IM 1953. E [BW]

1970 = Rogoff wins us jr ch. E [BW]

1970 = SPACE; 1st time chess played in space - Sevastianov. E [BW]

1970 = US wins world student ch. E [BW]

1970 = USSR vs rest of the world match in Yugoslavia. E [BW]

1970 n. Chr. Schacholympiade in Siegen, Deutschland. [GH]

1970.01.06 = Castaldi, Vincenzo died in Firenze, Italy. Italian Ch 1936. IM 1950. Born 1916. E [BW]

1970.03.19 = Abel, Herbert died. Founded American Open. E [BW]

1970.05.04 = Alterman, Boris born. GM. E [BW]

1970.05.06 = Fischer wins at Rovinj-Zagreb, 13 out of 17. E [BW]

1970.09 = RATINGS; 1st international ratings. Used the Elo system. E [BW]

1970.10 = Xie Jun born. E [BW]

1970.10.09 = Rao, Vivek born. E [BW]

1970.11.22 = Barucker, Claudia born in Zerbst, Germany. East German corr. ch. E [BW]

1970.12.13 = Fischer wins palma de majorca interzonal. E [BW]

1971 = 1st European junior championship. E [BW]

1971 = 1st Statham masters event, won by Evans. E [BW]

1971 = BLIND; 1st US championship for the blind, won by James Slagle. E [BW]

1971 = Browne and Evans win US Open in Ventura (402 players) E [BW]

1971 = Capps, Carrol died. Chess benefactor. E [BW]

1971 = Christiansen is 1st jr-high school player to win the nation HS ch. E [BW]

1971 = Fischer defeats Petrosian, 6.5-2.5, in Buenos Aires. E [BW]

1971 = Fischer wins Manhattan club 5-minute ch. E [BW]

1971 = Richter d. Born in 1894. Czech ch 1948. IM 1951. E [BW]

1971 = Spasov, Vasily born. IGM 1990. World Jr Ch 1989. E [BW]

1971.02.01 = Sherzer, Alex born. E [BW]

1971.02.08 = Braude, Mikhail born. E [BW]

1971.02.24 = Lutz, Christopher born. German GM 1992. E [BW]

1971.02.28 = Mueller died. Born in 1896. Austrian ch 1947. IM 1950. E [BW]

1971.04.04 = Harksen, Alfred died in Ystad, Sweden. Harksen Gambit. E [BW]

1971.05.02 = Barda, Olaf died in Oslo. 6-time Norwegian ch. IM 1952; GMC 1953 E [BW]

1971.06.02 = Fischer beats Taimanov 6-0, in candidates match in Vancouver, BC. E [BW]

1971.06.21 = Aladiova, Katrin born in Bulgaria. WFM 1986. E [BW]

1971.06.30 = Van den Berg d. Born 1924. Dutch IM 1963. E [BW]

1971.07 = RATINGS; 1st publication of the International Rating List, 600 names. E [BW]

1971.07.01 = FIDE; 1st official rating list. E [BW]

1971.07.12 = Akopian, Vladimir born. FM 1986; GM 1991. World Under-16 Ch 1986. World Jr Ch 1991. E [BW]

1971.07.25 = Fischer beats Larsen in Denver 6-0 (1st world ch candidates in US) E [BW]

1971.09.27 = Bely, Miklos died in Gyor, Hungary. Hungarian IM 1956. E [BW]

1971.10.26 = Fischer defeats Petrosian in candidates match in Buenos Aires. E [BW]

1971.10.31 = Zaitsev, Alexander died of thrombosis after having a leg lengthened. E [BW]

1971.11.17 = Adams, Michael born in England. GM 1989. British Ch. 1989. E [BW]

1971.12.14 = Bologan, Viktor born. GM. E [BW]

1972 / 1992 - Fischer gegen Spasski. Q Teschner 145 Seiten - kartoniert - Edition Olms 1993

1972 = Aronson and Marilyn win us women's ch. E [BW]

1972 = Browne wins US Open, Atlantic City. E [BW]

1972 = Church's fried chicken international tournament won by Petrosian. E [BW]

1972 = COLLEGE; Columbia U wins pan-am intercollegiate, Toronto (233 players). E [BW]

1972 = Gligoric wins 2nd Statham tourney in Lone Pine. E [BW]

1972 = GM; 1st British GM title, to Comins Mansfield (for chess composition). E [BW]

1972 = GM; 1st Corr. GM of the Blind awarded to R. Bonham. E [BW]

1972 = GM; Title of grandmaster for chess composition 1st awarded. E [BW]

1972 = Pilnick wins 7th American Open, Santa Monica (306 players) E [BW]

1972 = RATINGS; USCF ratings: fischer (2825), kavalek (2573). E [BW]

1972 = Skoff elected USCF president. E [BW]

1972 = Velimirovic, Jovanka born. Yugoslavia's 1st woman ch. D. Velimirovic's mother. E [BW]

1972 n. Chr. B. Fischer erster Amerikaner, der nach dem zweiten Weltkrieg als einziger die sowjetische Vorherrschaft brechen konnte. [GH]

1972.02.08 = Gurevich, Ilya born in Kiev. FM 1985. World Jr Ch 1990. E [BW]

1972.03.20 = Lisitzin d. USSR IM 1950. E [BW]

1972.03.21 = Turtel, Evan born. E [BW]

1972.07.04 = Shirov, Alexey born. GM. E [BW]

1972.07.11 = Fischer-Spassky world ch match. E [BW]

1972.07.23 = THOMAS; Sir George Thomas died. E [BW]

1972.09.02 = Fischer defeats Spassky to become world champion. E [BW]

1972.09.09 = Edelsberg, Alexander died in South Carolina. 5-time South Carolina Ch. E [BW]

1972.10.04 = Harkness, Kenneth died in Yugoslavia. Developed rating system. E [BW]

1972.10.07 = Van Wely, Loek born. GM. E [BW]

1972.10.26 = Bain (Weiser), Mary died in New York City. Challenger 1937. US women's ch 1951-3. E [BW]

1972.11 = Fischer on the Bob Hope Show. E [BW]

1973 = 1st World Open; Browne 1st (732 players). E [BW]

1973 = Association of US Journalists is established. E [BW]

1973 = Bisguier wins Lone Pine. E [BW]

1973 = Rogard, Bror died. 2nd president of FIDE. E [BW]

1973 = WEINSTEIN; Norman Weinstein 1st at US Open, Chicago. E [BW]

1973.01 = Panov died. Born in 1906. IM 1950. E [BW]

1973.01.18 = Horowitz, Al died in New York City. IM 1950; IA 1951. E [BW]

1973.02.13 = Kmoch died in New York. E [BW]

1973.02.14 = Tiviakov, Sergei born. GM. E [BW]

1973.04.12 = Lautier, Joel born. French GM 1990. E [BW]

1973.04.26 = Tal played 86 games without defeat (+47=39) starting in July, 1972. E [BW]

1973.06.12 = Levitan, Yuliya born. E [BW]

1973.07.04 = STEIN; Leonid Stein died. E [BW]

1973.11.16 = Anderson, Peter died in Glasgow, Scotland. 1954 Scottish ch. E [BW]

1973.12.06 = Rabar died. Born 1919. Yug ch 1951. IM 1950. E [BW]

1974 = Benko and Hort share US Open, New York (549 players). E [BW]

1974 = BOOK; 1st book employing algebraic issued by a major american publisher. E [BW]

1974 = Bronowski, Jacob died. Board 3 at Cambridge. E [BW]

1974 = Browne wins Lone Pine. E [BW]

1974 = Browne wins us ch. E [BW]

1974 = CADET; 1st world cadet (under 16) championship. Won by Mestel. E [BW]

1974 = COLLEGE; U of Chicago wins Pan-am intercollegiate, Atlanta (73 teams). E [BW]

1974 = COMPUTER; 1st computer world championship held in Stockholm. Won by Caissa. E [BW]

1974 = Fischer resigns his title. E [BW]

1974 = Karff wins us women's ch, St. Petersberg. E [BW]

1974 = Korchnoi defeats Mecking in Augusta. E [BW]

1974 = Nezhmetdinov, Rashid died. Wrote 1st Tatar chess book in 1953. E [BW]

1974 = RATINGS; USCF rating list: Byrne (2618), Kavalek (2570), Browne. E [BW]

1974 = Spassky beats Byrne in 1/4-finals, San Juan. E [BW]

1974 = USCF annual dues are raised to $15. E [BW]

1974.02.15 = Alexander, Conel died in Cheltenham, England. Cracked Enigma. E [BW]

1974.04.02 = Lokvenc d. St. Polten. German ch 1943. 2-time Austrian ch. E [BW]

1974.06.02 = Kamsky, Gata born. GM. E [BW]

1974.07.03 = Grob, Henry died in Zollikon, Switzerland. IM 1950. Swiss ch 1939, 1951. E [BW]

1974.10.02 = Tsemekhman, Vadim born. E [BW]

1974.11.02 = POLGAR; Zsofia Polgar born. Performance rating of 2900 in Feb, 1989 E [BW]

1975 = 1st time U.S. finished 1-2 in international event - Portugal. E [BW]

1975 = Antal, Aladar died in Hungary. Antal Defense is the Pirc Defense. E [BW]

1975 = Benko and Lombardy share US Open Ch, Lincoln. E [BW]

1975 = Benko and Trefler win World Open (815 players) E [BW]

1975 = BOOK; 1st chess book issued by american press using algebraic, by Kane. E [BW]

1975 = Browne wins US Ch, Oberlin, Ohio. E [BW]

1975 = Koltanowski elected USCF president. E [BW]

1975 = Largest us exhibition ever of chess manuscripts, etc, in NY. E [BW]

1975 = Liberzon wins Lone Pine (22 gms). E [BW]

1975 = Makarczyk d. Polish ch 1948. IM 1950. Born 1901. E [BW]

1975 = Miles & Reuben agree to draw without making a move. 1st time allowed E [BW]

1975 = Savereide wins us women's ch. E [BW]

1975 = Vukovic died. Born 1898. Yug IM 1951. E [BW]

1975.03.03 = Fabel, Karl died in Pischertshofen, Germany. Famous problemist. IJComp 1964; IMComp 1967. E [BW]

1975.03.15 = Topolov, Vesseline born. GM. E [BW]

1975.04 = Fischer forfeits his title, Karpov becomes world champion. E [BW]

1975.04.03 = 1st time world ch. without having won the title by playing. E [BW]

1975.04.03 = Karpov proclaimed world champion. E [BW]

1975.04.22 = STEINER; Lajos Steiner (b. 1903), Hungarian IM, died. E [BW]

1975.04.30 = Zaderman, Yuri born. E [BW]

1975.04.75 = Sidelnikov, Alexander born. E [BW]

1975.05.20 = Whitaker, Norman died in Phoenix City, Alabama. E [BW]

1975.06.05 = Keres (born 1916) died. E [BW]

1975.06.21 = Clarke, Richard, creator of the British system of grading, died in London. E [BW]

1975.06.25 = Kramnik, Vladimir born. GM. E [BW]

1975.07.24 = Rossolimo, owner of greenwich village chess studio, died in New York. E [BW]

1975.07.29 = Seltzer, Robert born. E [BW]

1975.08.16 = Saemisch died. E [BW]

1975.09.09 = Stein, Alan born. E [BW]

1975.09.30 = Bagby, Charles died in San Francisco, CA. E [BW]

1975.11.16 = Opocensky died. Born 1892. Czech ch 1927,28,38,44. IM 1954. E [BW]

1975.12.02 = Johner died. B. in 1889. Swiss ch 1908,23,28,29,31,32,34,35,37,38,47,50. IM 1950. Directed Zurich Philharmonic Orchestra. E [BW]

1975.12.19 = Paros died. Born 1910. Leading helpmate composer. E [BW]

1976 = Browne, Seirawan, Pike are co-winners of American Open. E [BW]

1976 = COMPUTER; 1st chess-playing computers for popular use came on the market. E [BW]

1976 = Diesen and Rohde share US jr invitational. E [BW]

1976 = LASKER; Ed Lasker played in telex match between London and NY at age 90. E [BW]

1976 = Lein and Shamkovich share US Open, Fairfax. E [BW]

1976